Human Resource Management (HRM), also known as Personnel Management:
It may involve: organisation and staff planning, creating solutions, recruitment and selection, termination of employment, training and development, industrial relations, job evaluation and employee services.
There are twelve career areas within the people profession:
- HR generalist
- Employee experience
- Employee relations
- HR business partner
- Diversity and inclusion
- Learning and development
- Organisation development and design
- People analytics
- People consultant
- Talent management
Any degree subject is normally acceptable, although law, psychology and business-related degrees (particularly if you have taken a module in HR) are often seen as being particularly 'relevant'. A scientific or technical background can be an asset in some organisations.
There are three main routes for graduates into HRM:
- Through a graduate training scheme. The most competitive route in.
- Following a postgraduate course. There are a number of masters degrees and postgraduate diplomas in HRM Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD). Courses are available in many locations and modes of study see.
- Through a junior role such as Personnel Assistant. This will help you to gain relevant experience that will allow you to progress in your career. Jobs may be advertised in the local press, through recruitment agencies or through websites for specialist industry sector.
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Officer
Employee Experience Specialist
Organisation Development and Design Specialist
Training and Development Officer
Talent Management Specialist
Working as a recruitment consultant is different to working in an HR recruitment role. It is a targeted sales role where you are responsible for attracting new clients who will pay the consultancy to recruit candidates on their behalf.
Prospects Recruitment Consultant job profile
TARGETjobs Recruitment Consultant job profile
Any employer with a sufficient number of employees to justify a specialist personnel section may employ HR managers: e.g. manufacturing or service industries; local government; health authorities; universities and colleges; commercial organisations.
Experience relevant to personnel work can also be gained in other related fields, particularly retail management and recruitment consultancy.
Qualities required include good communication and negotating skills; persistence, tact, self-reliance and patience, some analytical and numerical ability and commercial awareness.
Competition for vacancies in HRM is invariably keen and applicants therefore need to be strongly motivated towards this work; to demonstrate that they have considered what the work is likely to involve and whether they are personally suited. Try to shadow a personnel manager, in order to get office experience.
Find out more
- Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development
- Links to the latest HR jobs
- Prospects Occupational Profiles for Personnel Officer, Recruitment Consultant and Training Manager
- HR Grapevine - HR information site
- CIPD magazine “People Management”
- Barclay Meade - HR jobs
- Changeboard - Recruitment/HR jobs and advice
- LG Jobs - current vacancies in local authorities all over the country. Search on "Personnel Assistant" or similar to find a number of entry level posts suitable for new graduates