Kent Inclusive Practices (KIPs)

If you teach or support teaching, you need to apply these Kent Inclusive Practices, as agreed by the University's Education Board. They are simple adjustments to learning and teaching, informed by the experience of students with Inclusive Learning Plans (ILPs).

These inclusive practices are a simple but powerful way to make your teaching delivery more inclusive.

  • They anticipate the needs of our learners
  • They reduce the need for retrospective adjustments
  • They benefit all students, not just those with disabilities

1. Offer digital learning resources

Library/academic resources

Choose digital resources over print when creating reading lists and recommending academic resources.  

Why: e-resources can quickly and easily be converted into more accessible formats using software such as SensusAccess. In contrast, print material needs more work to make it accessible and can take days or sometimes weeks to convert.

Record lectures

Use lecture capture and make sure your videos are accessible. Automated captioning is enabled by default in all KentPlayer recordings.

Why: this helps with notetaking, especially for students with ILPs. 

2. Share content in advance

Reading lists

Share reading lists online at least 4 weeks in advance. Clearly show the importance of readings, eg core (must read), recommended (should read) and background (could read).

Why: it helps those with reading difficulties to prioritise, supports slower readers and allows time to make alternative formats if needed. 

Module outlines and lecture/seminar slides

Share digital versions of outlines and slides in a timely way:

  • module outlines: 4 weeks before the module starts
  • lecture/seminar slides: at least 24 hours before the session

Why: this particularly helps part-time, distance and commuting students and students with notetaking difficulties. 

3. Make content easy to navigate

Give your documents, presentations and other media a clear structure and easy navigation. 

Why: so that they are easy to read and can be understood by screen readers and other assistive technologies.

4. Make multimedia accessible

Give text alternatives for the key teaching points in images, tables, graphics, videos and audio.

  • Images and tables: this can be an explanatory caption
  • Video or audio: include a transcript. How to make accessible video. Automated captions are on by default for KentPlayer recordings.

Why: a text version, with searchable terms and correct spelling of complex names, is essential for students with visual impairments, deafness or hearing loss. It's also useful to reinforce the learning for everyone.

5. Make assignments accessible

Vary assessment methods and make them appropriate to learning outcomes. Make sure your methods of evaluation don't negatively impact students with disabilities.

When writing module specification documents, consider the different assessment types most frequently requested in the past and the rationales for using them.

Use these tips on inclusive assessment (pdf) to help identify alternative assessment methods that demonstrate the skills you want to assess (pdf)

Extra time

Some students need extra time arrangements. Do the number, length and timing of assessments take this into account, such as time given for laboratory practical assessments or written tests?

Spelling, punctuation and grammar

Are spelling, punctuation, and grammar an appropriate part of the assessment criteria? 

  • If these are critical to the learning outcome this must be clearly stated in advance in the module specification. 
  • If not, make sure that your marking schemes allow exclusion of these criteria where this is needed as a reasonable adjustment for students with specific learning difficulties.

Why: to make sure you are assessing the student's knowledge, skill and understanding, not their disability.

6. Promote assistive technology

The University’s software finder lists tools which may help with learning, productivity and with unlocking educational content. Examples are text-to-speech, speech recognition or mindmapping software.


  • Some of our students need assistive technology to enable them to access to curriculum content or assessments.  
  • Everyone can benefit from using software that can help you work in a different and more efficient way. 

Why KIPS are mandatory

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