Our Finance and Investment degree teaches you how to apply economic and financial principles to real business situations. It prepares you for a career in a broad range of sectors including financial management, investment banking and equity trading.
Kent Business School delivers a high standard of business education and is the largest school at the University of Kent. Our academic research and links with global business inform our teaching, ensuring a curriculum that is both rigorous and current. We are a
Our degree programme
This four-year programme prepares you for a career in a broad range of sectors including financial management, investment banking and equity trading. In your first year, you study financial accounting, data analysis, statistics, financial markets and instruments, economics for business and quantitative methods for finance. This gives you a thorough understanding of the core principles of finance and investment.
In your second and final years, you deepen your knowledge and focus on specialised topics. A wide range of options means you can choose modules that interest you: areas covered include corporate finance, investment analysis, financial econometrics, portfolio management, business law and employment rights.
Elements of practical work are carried out in the finance lab with the aid of the Bloomberg virtual trading platform. You can apply the theories you learn in the classroom to real situations, accessing and engaging with market data via case studies and online databases.
Year in industry
As part of this degree, you take a compulsory paid business placement between your second and final years. The placement runs for at least 44 weeks and starts between June and September, following your second-year examinations. Placements help develop your skills and knowledge and aid your final year of study.
Find out more about the placement year with the Kent Business School.
Kent Business and Kent Enterprise are two of our student-run societies. Their activities have included events with guest speakers from industry and support for budding entrepreneurs.
Kent Business School also puts on special events and schemes. These may include:
- workshops and seminars
- business challenges
- enterprise initiatives, including the Business Start-Up Journey
- networking events.
At Kent Business School, we pride ourselves on the strength of our global connections. These include links with:
- The Bank of England
- Kent County Council.
Kent Business School also has excellent links with business schools globally, including in China, Hong Kong, France, Germany, Spain, Finland and Italy.
In the National Student Survey 2017, over 84% of final-year Accounting students were satisfied with the overall quality of their course.
For graduate prospects, Accounting and Finance at Kent was ranked 8th in The Guardian University Guide 2018.
Of Accounting students who graduated from Kent in 2016, 93% were in work or further study within six months (DLHE).
Teaching Excellence Framework
Based on the evidence available, the TEF Panel judged that the University of Kent delivers consistently outstanding teaching, learning and outcomes for its students. It is of the highest quality found in the UK.
Please see the University of Kent's Statement of Findings for more information.
The course structure provides a sample of the modules currently available for this programme. Most programmes require you to study a combination of compulsory and optional modules. You may also have the option to take ‘wild’ modules from other programmes offered by the University in order that you may explore other subject areas of interest to you or that may further enhance your employability.
Based on sector research, the following innovative new modules will also be offered on this programme from year two (for 2019 entry students):
Year in industry
You have the option to take a 12 month placement which is integral to your chosen degree programme between the 2nd and 3rd year of study
You are supported by a dedicated placement team and a programme designed to ensure that you gain experience in the functional areas and industries of your choice.
The placement allows you to experience, first hand, many of the issues addressed in the taught programme and to use the tools, techniques and applications in a real business setting. It will become a vital component of your CV and will give you a distinct advantage over other business graduates.
You need to pass Stage 2 to progress to the Year in Industry. Find out more about the placement year with the Kent Business School.
Stage 3 - Compulsory
Stage 3 - Optional
The following modules are offered to our current students. This listing is based on the current curriculum and may change year to year in response to new curriculum developments and innovation:
|Modules may include||Credits|
CB365 - Economics for Business 1
This module will cover the key concepts of microeconomics and theories related to the individual, firm and industry in the short and long run, underpinned by existing evidence on past and current economic trends in the UK, Europe and the rest of the world.
Key microeconomic concepts such as opportunity cost and equity versus efficiency
Supply and demand; elasticity
Cost and revenues
Profit maximisation under different market structures
Input markets; labour and capitalRead more
CB367 - Introduction to Data Analysis and Statistics for Business
The aim of this module is to give students a solid grounding in key statistical techniques required to analyse effectively business data and data relevant for business. The content includes:
Maths and statistical skills for business; revision of algebra and basic mathematical functions.
Summarising data with histograms, bar charts, frequency distributions, measures of central tendency and dispersion.
Spreadsheets: features and functions of commonly-used spreadsheet software including: workbook, worksheet, rows, columns, cells, data, text, formulae, formatting, printing, graphics and macros, charts and graphs, data management facilities, data validation, spreadsheet security and documentation.
Probability: The relationship between probability, proportion and percent, addition and multiplication rules in probability theory and Venn diagrams.
Common Probability Density Functions.
Sampling and its use in inference, and applications of sampling in business management.
Regression and correlation: scatter plots; simple regression; interpreting computer output.
Forecasting using spreadsheets.Read more
CB373 - Employability and Study Skills for Success
Topics the module will cover include:
Orientation to studying at university: including time management, learning styles and making sense of feedback.
Cognitive development: writing essays and reports in higher education; referencing and plagiarism; how to construct a reasoned argument, and an introduction to critical and analytical thinking.
Research skills: understanding what is meant by business and/or management research, including in brief its process from generating a hypothesis to data collection, sampling and analysis; how to develop a literature review, and the differences between quantitative and qualitative research and primary and secondary sources.
The theories underlying the personal skill development needed to achieve success at university and in the workplace, including: effective communication skills; group and team working; problem solving; creative and innovative thinking, and presentation skills.
Personal Development Planning for Employability: including career exploration, CV writing, and making sense of employers' skills requirements.Read more
CB374 - Quantitative Methods for Finance
This module builds on knowledge gained from CB367: Introduction to Data Analysis and Statistics for Business. The module is designed to provide a sound mathematical and statistical foundation for studying finance. Students will learn the key mathematical and statistical tools necessary to analyse effectively financial data.
Topics covered include:
Basics: algebra, linear equations
Solving simultaneous linear equations
Rates of change and Differentiation
Introduction to matrix algebra
The classical simple and multiple linear regression model (estimation inference)Read more
CB375 - Fundamentals of Finance and Investments
This module begins by looking at the role of investments and finance in an organisational context. It then considers the role of financial markets and the links between investors and businesses. Students will learn different investment appraisal techniques used in capital budgeting decisions, such as NPV and IRR. The module also covers the basics of any investment decision, such as the relation between return and risk. In the second part of the module, student will learn about short and long term sources (i.e. capital structure) of finance available to businesses and how to determine the cost and value of each source of long-term finance.
Topics covered include:
- Short-term and long term investment appraisal and capital budgeting techniques
- Estimation of return and risk in the context of portfolio theory
- Short-term finance and working capital management
- Long-term finance and the cost of each source of finance
- Capital structure and weighted average cost of capital
- Interaction of investment and financing decisionsRead more
CB376 - Introduction to Financial Markets and Instruments
This module introduces students to different financial markets and their role in the economy. These markets include equity, bond/debt/interest rate, foreign exchange and derivative markets. In this module, students will also learn about the trading instruments used in these markets. Moreover, the module offers an exploration of current developments in the world's financial markets and institutions, including innovation, globalization, and deregulation, with a focus on the actual practices of financial institutions, investors, and financial instruments.
Topics covered include:
The development of financial markets and instruments and their role in the economy
Money, interest and bond markets and their major instruments
Equity markets, their functions and instruments
Derivative markets and their instruments
Foreign exchange marketsRead more
CB384 - The International Business Environment
The module will cover various aspects of the changing international business environment, and their impact upon business operations and strategy. It will give students an appreciation of the business difficulties faced; the variety of factors influencing the choices and compromises that have to be made in international businesses, and the implications of those for the future viability and effectiveness of the organisations concerned.
An indicative list of topics is given below:
Globalisation: Definition, Evolution, Implications for countries, firms and people
The International Business Environment: World Institutions, Patterns of International Trade and FDI Activities
The Triad: European Union, United States, Japan - Investment, Trade, Relations
Developing and Emerging Economies: Opportunities and Challenges
Cultural Frameworks for International Business
Entry Modes: Theory and Practice
International Expansion Strategies
International Stakeholders Ethical IssuesRead more
CB330 - Fundamentals of Financial Accounting
This module aims to give students a better understanding of the importance of accounting in the modern world, and how accounts are produced and regulated to produce meaningful information to all stakeholders in a business.
The key topics of the module are:
1) Role and evolution of accounting
2) Single entry accounting; double entry bookkeeping
3) Financial reporting conventions
4) Recording transactions and adjusting entries
5) Principal financial statements; monetary items; purchases and sales, and bad and doubtful debts
6) Stock valuation; fixed assets, and depreciation methods
7) Liabilities and provisions
8) Accounting for sole traders and Limited Companies
9) Cash flow statementsRead more
|Modules may include||Credits|
CB363 - Economics For Business 2
This module will cover the basic principles of macroeconomics; such as the definition and measurement of key macroeconomic variables. Students will consider competing theories related to the macro economy in the short and long run. This will be underpinned by existing evidence on past and current levels of macroeconomic indicators in the UK, Europe and the rest of the world.
The Macro economy as a system: the circular flow (including injections and withdrawals), national income measurement, economic growth and international comparisons
Macroeconomic variables: GDP, unemployment, inflation, money supply and balance of payments
The open macro economy; including imports and exports; the role of exchange rates and an introduction to trade.
Macroeconomic theories: including the classical approach, the Keynesian demand management approach and monetarism
Macroeconomic policies: demand versus supply side economic managementRead more
CB754 - Corporate Social Responsibility
The aim of the module is to develop an understanding of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and sustainability informed by ethical theory and stakeholder perspectives. Students will have the opportunity to familiarise with essential readings and cases in CSR to enable them to recognise key issues that are raised by stakeholder groups such as shareholder activism; socially responsible investment; employee discrimination; working conditions; ethical issues in marketing; management; consumer protection; gifts/ bribes; accountability; collaboration with civil society organisations, and corruption of governmental actors. The module will therefore contribute in building an understanding on contemporary social issues in business by highlighting the importance of a collaborative approach with internal and external stakeholder groups.
|Modules may include||Credits|
CB760 - Business Law and Employment Rights
The law affects the commercial world in many ways. This module focuses on how businesses fulfil their legal obligations to customers, suppliers and their workforce. As well as exploring how businesses are structured and the duties on directors and partners it also considers the legal obligations individuals and organisations have over those to whom they have a duty of care. The module further covers the main laws governing the employment of staff and contractors. By applying the law to real-world business situations students are able to fine-tune their problem solving skills and their ability to construct well-reasoned and persuasive arguments.
The module covers the following topic areas:
The English Legal System, Legal Process and Dispute Resolution;
Law of Negligence including general principles and negligent mis-statement
Law of Business Organisations - classification of business organisations; main principles applying to general and limited liability partnerships and registered companies, and directors' duties
Employment Law - the general scope of the legal obligations owed by employers to employees, including the employment contract, discrimination and dismissalRead more
CB5009 - Contract Law and Consumer Rights
The law affects the commercial world in many ways. This module focuses on the importance of law in governing transactions between individuals and businesses; what is required for legally compliant contracts; what the law expects of organisations in terms of protecting the consumer, and how businesses manage and avoid disputes. By enabling students to become familiar with those parts of the law they are most likely to encounter in their careers and in business the module helps them better understand the obligations that parties have to each other in law.
The module covers the following topic areas:
The English Legal System
The Legal Process and Dispute Resolution
Law of Contract including:
Vitiating elements, such as misrepresentation and economic duress
Performance and discharge of contract, including frustration
Common law and equitable remedies, including damages
Consumer ProtectionRead more
CB542 - Business/Management Project
A synopsis of the curriculum
Introduction to Business/Management Projects
Literature search and Literature Review
Data collection and questionnaire
Structuring a Project Report
Teaching and assessment
In a typical week, you spend eight hours in lectures and four hours in seminars. Some modules have workshops or sessions in the micro-computer labs. You also spend considerable periods on individual study using the library resources.
The programme aims to:
- Develop students’ appreciation of the nature of the contexts in which finance can be seen as operating, including knowledge of the institutional framework necessary for understanding the role, operation and function of markets and financial institutions.
- Provide students with a knowledge of the major theoretical tools and theories of finance, and their relevance and application to theoretical and practical problems
- Develop students’ understanding of the relationship between financial theory and empirical testing, and application of this knowledge to the appraisal of the empirical evidence in at least one major theoretical area. The appraisal should involve some recognition of the limitation and evolution of empirical tests and theory.
- Develop students’ ability to interpret financial data including that arising in the context of the firm or household from accounting statements and data generated in financial markets. The interpretation may involve analysis using statistical and financial functions and procedures such as are routinely available in spreadsheets (e.g. Microsoft Excel) and statistical packages (e.g. Eviews). It may assume the skills necessary to manipulate financial data and carry out statistical and econometric tests.
- Develop students’ understanding of the financing arrangements and governance mechanisms and structures of business entities, and of how theory and evidence can be combined to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of such arrangements.
- Develop students’ understanding of the financial service activity in the economy and the factors influencing the investment behaviour and opportunities of private individuals.
- Develop students’ ability to understand financial statements, and the limitations of financial reporting practices and procedures.
- Develop students’ cognitive abilities and intellectual and transferrable skills.
- Develop an understanding of key concepts, skills and techniques within the field of finance studies and appreciate how these are applied in the world of work.
- Encourage the development and attainment of our students by providing a highly supportive environment.
- Maintain high standards of academic rigour, currency and innovation.
- Develop key transferable skills in the areas of numeracy, communication, financial and computer literacy.
- Widen participation in HE among mature students, ethnic minorities and those without standard entry qualifications.
- Prepare students for employment or further study.
- Provide high quality teaching in supportive environments with appropriately qualified and trained staff. Meet the requirements for accreditation by CFA on successful completion of the programme.
Knowledge and understanding
You gain knowledge and understanding of:
- The institutional framework necessary for understanding the role, operation and function of markets and financial institutions.
- The major theoretical tools and theories of finance, and their relevance and application to theoretical and practical problems.
- The relationship between financial theory and empirical testing, and the application of this knowledge to the appraisal of the empirical evidence in at least one major theoretical area, recognising the limitation and evolution of empirical tests and theory.
- The interpretation of financial data including that arising in the context of the firm or household from accounting statements and data generated in financial markets.
- The use of statistical and financial functions and procedures such as those available in spreadsheets (e.g. Microsoft Excel) and statistical packages (e.g. Eviews) to interpret financial data.
- The financing arrangements and governance mechanisms and structures of business entities, and of how theory and evidence can be combined to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of such arrangements.
- The financial service activity in the economy and the factors influencing the investment behaviour and opportunities of private individuals.
- Financial statements, and the limitations of financial reporting practices and procedures.
- Some of the areas specified for the common core from a practical business perspective.
You gain the following intellectual abilities:
- Critically evaluate arguments and evidence
- Capacities for independent and self-managed learning.
- Analyse and draw reasoned conclusions concerning structured and, to a more limited extent, unstructured problems
- Ability to locate, extract and analyse data from multiple sources, including the acknowledgement and referencing of sources
- Numeracy skills, including the ability to manipulate financial and other numerical data and to appreciate statistical concepts at an appropriate level
- Apply skills in the use of communication and information technology in acquiring, analysing and communicating information (these skills include the use of spreadsheets, word processing software, standard statistical packages)
- Acquire experience of working in groups, and other interpersonal skills, and in presenting the results of their work orally as well as in written form
You gain the following subject-specific skills:
- Understand the relationship between financial theory and empirical testing, and application of this knowledge to the appraisal of the empirical evidence in at least one major theoretical area.
- Interpret financial data including that arising in the context of the firm or household from accounting statements and data generated in financial markets.
- Use statistical and financial functions and procedures such as those available in spreadsheets and statistical packages.
- Understand the financial service activity in the economy and the factors influencing the investment behaviour and opportunities of private individuals.
- Apply some of the subject-specific skills specified for the common core from a practical business perspective
You gain transferable skills in the following:
- A capacity for the critical evaluation of arguments and evidence.
- Capacities for independent and self-managed learning.
- An ability to analyse and draw reasoned conclusions concerning structured and, to a more limited extent, unstructured problems from a given set of data.
- Numeracy skills, including the ability to manipulate financial and other numerical data.
- Communication skills including the ability to present quantitative and qualitative information together with analysis.
- Apply some of the transferable skills specified for the common core from a practical business perspective.
Our graduates move into a range of careers within the world of business. Many go on to become chartered, certified or management accountants. The degree can also prepare you for a career in financial services (such as banking, insurance and investment) or in general management.
Help finding a job
Kent Business School has good links with businesses globally. This network is very useful when looking for work in industry.
Our friendly Careers and Employability Service can also give you advice on how to:
- apply for jobs
- write a good CV
- perform well in interviews.
You graduate with an excellent grounding in the main concepts and practical methods of finance and investment.
To help you appeal to employers, you also learn transferable skills that are useful in any career. These include the ability to:
- think critically
- communicate your ideas and opinions
- manage your time effectively
- work independently or as part of a team.
You can also gain extra skills by signing up for one of our Kent Extra activities, such as learning a language or volunteering.
Accounting and Finance at Kent was ranked 18th in the UK for graduate prospects in The Times Good University Guide 2017.
The University will consider applications from students offering a wide range of qualifications. Typical requirements are listed below. Students offering alternative qualifications should contact us for further advice.
It is not possible to offer places to all students who meet this typical offer/minimum requirement.
New GCSE grades
If you’ve taken exams under the new GCSE grading system, please see our conversion table to convert your GCSE grades.
|Qualification||Typical offer/minimum requirement|
Mathematics grade B (or 6) and English grade C (or 4)
|Access to HE Diploma||
The University will not necessarily make conditional offers to all Access candidates but will continue to assess them on an individual basis.
If we make you an offer, you will need to obtain/pass the overall Access to Higher Education Diploma and may also be required to obtain a proportion of the total level 3 credits and/or credits in particular subjects at merit grade or above.
|BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma (formerly BTEC National Diploma)||
The University will consider applicants holding BTEC National Diploma and Extended National Diploma Qualifications (QCF; NQF; OCR) on a case-by-case basis. Please contact us for further advice on your individual circumstances.
34 points overall or 16 points at HL, including Mathematics 4 at HL or SL (Mathematics Studies 5 at SL)
The University welcomes applications from international students. Our international recruitment team can guide you on entry requirements. See our International Student website for further information about entry requirements for your country.
If you need to increase your level of qualification ready for undergraduate study, we offer a number of International Foundation Programmes.
Meet our staff in your country
For more advice about applying to Kent, you can meet our staff at a range of international events.
English Language Requirements
Please see our English language entry requirements web page.
Please note that if you are required to meet an English language condition, we offer a number of 'pre-sessional' courses in English for Academic Purposes. You attend these courses before starting your degree programme.
General entry requirements
Please also see our general entry requirements.
The 2019/20 annual tuition fees for this programme are:
For students continuing on this programme, fees will increase year on year by no more than RPI + 3% in each academic year of study except where regulated.*
Your fee status
The University will assess your fee status as part of the application process. If you are uncertain about your fee status you may wish to seek advice from UKCISA before applying.
General additional costs
Kent offers generous financial support schemes to assist eligible undergraduate students during their studies. See our funding page for more details.
You may be eligible for government finance to help pay for the costs of studying. See the Government's student finance website.
Scholarships are available for excellence in academic performance, sport and music and are awarded on merit. For further information on the range of awards available and to make an application see our scholarships website.
The Kent Scholarship for Academic Excellence
At Kent we recognise, encourage and reward excellence. We have created the Kent Scholarship for Academic Excellence.
The scholarship will be awarded to any applicant who achieves a minimum of AAA over three A levels, or the equivalent qualifications (including BTEC and IB) as specified on our scholarships pages.
The scholarship is also extended to those who achieve AAB at A level (or specified equivalents) where one of the subjects is either Mathematics or a Modern Foreign Language. Please review the eligibility criteria.