Academic Integrity

Referencing Style Guides

General information on referencing styles, library support and School requirements are listed on the tabs. You can use Cite Them Right Online for guidance and support.  Check with your module lecturer or tutor for exact details on the referencing style that you should use. The University has also a subscription to RefWorks which you can use to create properly formatted references and bibliographies in your essays and assignments.

Main reference styles used at the University of Kent

Click on the links below to get more information about referencing styles used at the University of Kent. The majority of styles can be found on Cite Them Right Online. You can use this resource for examples and guidance or you can use the links to the referencing styles below for more specific information. Some schools in the Faculty of Science use styles recommended by certain journals. Check the list of styles used by each school.

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Reference styles listed by school

The styles listed for each school are guidelines only. Individual lecturers may wish you to use a different style. Click on the faculty links to find your school and the reference style recommended. If you want to access individual guidelines for each referencing style click on "Styles used at Kent".


School Reference style
American Studies, Centre for
Architecture, Kent School of
Arts, School of
English,School of
European Culture and Languages, School of
  • SECL Style Guide 2011
    • This guide has specific information on Harvard and Turabian styles for students in SECL. For further details on which style to use, check with your tutor
  • Turabian: RefWorks users select 'Turabian Notes'
  • Harvard
History, School of
Medieval and Early Modern Studies, Centre for
Music and Fine Arts, School of


School Reference style
Biosciences, School of
Computing, School of
Engineering and Digital Arts, School of
Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science, School of
Physical Sciences, School of



Sport and Exercise Sciences, School of
Pharmacy, Medway School of

Social Sciences

School Reference style
Anthropology and Conservation, School of
Kent Business School
Economics,School of
Journalism, Centre for
Kent Law School
Politics and International Relations, School of

Students can choose a recognised style that they are most comfortable with and use it consistently within each assignment. Students can choose a different style for each assignment they submit, but within the same assignment referencing has to be consistent.

Psychology, School of
Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, School of
Study of Higher Education, Centre for
  • Harvard
  • For those working in Schools using a referencing style other than Harvard, use your normal School style.
Tizard Centre
Professional Practice, Centre for
  • Harvard
  • Vancouver (for Surgical Practice; Supportive and Palliative Care)
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Academic Integrity, UELT, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NQ

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Last Updated: 18/02/2019