Academic Integrity

What is referencing?

If you use someone else's work, you must acknowledge your original source or sources. Referencing means acknowledging your source:

  • in the body of your work (in-text referencing or citation ) AND
  • linking your citations to your list of works cited (also reference list or bibliography). See the glossary for the full explanation of these terms and the referencing style guides for stylistic information.

Material which you must acknowledge includes but is not limited to:

  • exact words (written or spoken) *Note that exact words must be placed in quotation marks or indented depending on the referencing style you use. See reference style guides for details
  • summarised or paraphrased text
  • data
  • images (graph, tables, video, multimedia etc)
  • pictures or illustrations
  • ideas or concepts
  • theories
  • opinion or analysis
  • music or other performance media
  • computer code
  • designs, drawings or plans

In general, common knowledge or facts widely available in a number of sources do not need to be acknowledged; however, what constitutes common knowledge and facts varies across subject areas. Check with your lecturer.


Academic Integrity, UELT, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NQ

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Last Updated: 25/10/2012