SE566 Human Osteology
OverviewSome diseases leave a characteristic signature on the human skeleton after death, which can be retained in the burial environment. Palaeopathology is the study of these diseases in human skeletons from an archaeological context to infer aspects of life in the past, such as childhood growth, as well as adult diet, activity, health, social interaction (caring, contact), and conflict. The purpose of this module is to provide theoretical knowledge about the causes and manifestations of skeletal disease, and practical experience identifying and diagnosing palaeopathology. The relationship between skeletal growth and developmental disturbances are considered. Disease, activity, and diet are discussed. Skeletal responses to specific and non-specific infections, as well as neoplastic and traumatic events, are explored.
This module appears in:
BSc Biological Anthropology
Method of assessment
Course Test (25%)
Palaeopathology Report (50%)
Roberts, C. and Manchester, K. Archaeology of Disease. 2005. Cornell University Press.
Burns, Karen Ramey The Forensic Anthropology Training Manual. 1999. Prentice Hall
One standard human osteology reference: White, Tim D. Human Osteology 3rd Ed. 2012. Academic Press.
Ortner, D. Identification of Pathological Disorders. 2003. Academic Press.
Aufderheide, A.C. and Rodriguez-Martin, C. (Eds.) The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Palaeopathology. 1998. Cambridge University Press.
8.1 Understand the relationship between human skeletal growth and developmental disturbances.
8.2 Understand the causes and manifestations of skeletal disease and trauma.
8.3 Identify, diagnose, and interpret human skeletal disease and trauma.
8.4 Understand the research themes in human palaeopathology.
8.5 Understand how the study of human palaeopathology can inform aspects of life in the past including growth, activity, diet, health, social interaction, and conflict.
8.6 Critically evaluate new research in human palaeopathology.