OverviewThe module will begin with an introduction to biographical narrative as a method in political science and to 'leadership' as a concept. Following this introduction, the module will present three 'icons' of 20th/21st Century world politics in three blocks of three weeks each, leaving one week for a concluding and comparative discussion (and one reading week). Throughout the module, the three themes of the title – resistance, suffering (sacrifice) and leadership – will be highlighted and will serve as a focus as the module considers the lives of Gandhi, Mandela and Aung San Suu Kyi and their impact on world politics. Considering the lives of these iconic figures will allow us to discuss a number of important question, e.g. how they, as individuals, made choices that led them to occupy such prominent roles, how they understood themselves and how that self-understanding evolved over time, how the historical context provided them with opportunities to exercise influence and mobilise mass movements, how resistance and suffering enhanced their leadership roles, and how they used the influence they gained. While political science often studies political reality from an aggregate point of view, incorporating large numbers of observations through quantitative analyses, PO686 endeavours to explore general patterns in political reality through the unique experiences of three individuals and their journey to political stardom. We will also be able to take a critical look at how Western culture and politics often appropriate prominent individuals as representatives of liberal values without paying attention to the complexities of the relevant local contexts, customs and traditions.
This module appears in:
This module will be taught through pre-recorded online lectures and seminar blocks.
Total Contact Hours: 22
Private Study Hours: 128
Method of assessment
Essay – 2500 Words: 40%
Exam: Two Hours: 40%
MK Gandhi, An Autobiography or the Story of My Experiments with Truth (Penguin, 1982)
M Gandhi, Selected Political Writings (Hackett, 1996)
VR Howard, Gandhi's Ascetic Activism: Renunciation and Social Action (SUNY Press, 2013)
N Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom (Little, Brown, 1994)
N Mandela, Selected Speeches and Writings, (Black and Red, 2010)
T Lodge, Mandela: A Critical Life (Oxford University Press, 2006)
Aung San Suu Kyi, The Voice of Hope (Rider, 2008)
J Wintle, Perfect Hostage: a Life of Aung San Suu Kyi, Burma’s Prisoner of Conscience (Skyhorse, 2013).
PG Northouse, Leadership: Theory and Practice (Sage, 7th ed. 2016)
Upon successful completion of the module, students will:
be familiar with the political biographies of Gandhi, Mandela and Aung San Suu Kyi,
be familiar with the key political issues which dominated Gandhi's, Mandela's and Aung San Suu Kyi's lives,
be familiar with the processes of vocational clarification and the evolution of the self-understanding of Gandhi, Mandela and Aung San Suu Kyi as political actors,
be familiar with theories and principles of leadership, and be able to analyse and explain how they apply to concrete examples of political leadership,
be able to conduct a focused, comparative study of political biographies,
have a good understanding of 'political biography' as a method in political science and be able to critically evaluate the limits and potential insights of this method.