Module delivery information

Location Term Level1 Credits (ECTS)2 Current Convenor3 2020 to 2021
Spring 4 15 (7.5) DR A Laurence checkmark-circle


Introduction to R and investigating data sets. Basic use of R (Input and manipulation of data). Graphical representations of data. Numerical summaries of data.

Sampling and sampling distributions. ?² distribution. t-distribution. F-distribution. Definition of sampling distribution. Standard error. Sampling distribution of sample mean (for arbitrary distributions) and sample variance (for normal distribution) .

Point estimation. Principles. Unbiased estimators. Bias, Likelihood estimation for samples of discrete r.v.s

Interval estimation. Concept. One-sided/two-sided confidence intervals. Examples for population mean, population variance (with normal data) and proportion.

Hypothesis testing. Concept. Type I and II errors, size, p-values and power function. One-sample test, two sample test and paired sample test. Examples for population mean and population variance for normal data. Testing hypotheses for a proportion with large n. Link between hypothesis test and confidence interval. Goodness-of-fit testing.

Association between variables. Product moment and rank correlation coefficients. Two-way contingency tables. ?² test of independence.


This module appears in the following module collections.

Contact hours

47 hours

Method of assessment

80% examination and 20% coursework.

Indicative reading

J. Devore and R. Peck. Introductory Statistics. (West 1990)
F. Daly et al. Elements of Statistics. (The Open University 1995)
G.M. Clarke and D. Cooke. A Basic Course in Statistics. (5th edition. Arnold. 2004)
D.V. Lindley and W.F. Scott. New Cambridge Statistical Tables (2nd edition. C.U.P. 1995)
J. Verzani. Using R for Introductory Statistics (2nd edition, CRC Press, 2014)

See the library reading list for this module (Canterbury)

Learning outcomes

The intended subject specific learning outcomes. On successfully completing the module students will be able to:

1 demonstrate knowledge of the underlying concepts and principles associated with statistics;
2 demonstrate the capability to make sound judgements in accordance with the basic theories and concepts in the following areas, whilst demonstrating a reasonable level of skill in calculation and manipulation of the material: graphical and numerical summaries of data using R, point estimation, including maximum likelihood estimation for discrete data, interval estimation, hypothesis testing, association between variables;
3 apply the underlying concepts and principles associated with introductory statistics in several well-defined contexts, showing an ability to evaluate the appropriateness of different approaches to solving problems in this area;
4 make appropriate use of the statistical computer package R.

The intended generic learning outcomes. On successfully completing the module students will be able to:

Demonstrate an increased ability to:
1 manage their own learning and make use of appropriate resources;
2 understand logical arguments, identifying the assumptions made and the conclusions drawn;
3 communicate straightforward arguments and conclusions reasonably accurately and clearly;
4 manage their time and use their organisational skills to plan and implement efficient and effective modes of working;
5 solve problems relating to qualitative and quantitative information;
6 make use of information technology skills such as R, online resources (moodle), internet communication;
7 communicate technical and non-technical material competently.
8 demonstrate an increased level of skill in numeracy and computation;
9 give an oral presentation;
10 work in small groups.


  1. Credit level 4. Certificate level module usually taken in the first stage of an undergraduate degree.
  2. ECTS credits are recognised throughout the EU and allow you to transfer credit easily from one university to another.
  3. The named convenor is the convenor for the current academic session.
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