CH308, CH382 or PS381
OverviewThe arrangement of atoms and defects in a solid governs its properties. Here, we cover the crystal structures and phase diagrams of solid materials. Bonding in solids is discussed, including metallic, ionic and molecular crystals, band theory, defects and non-stoichiometry. You will be introduced to the synthesis, properties and applications of a wide range of materials and their solid state reactions. Applications covered include catalysis, energy materials such as fuel-cells and Li-ion batteries, superconductivity and semiconductors and nanomedicine. (Lab component.)
This module appears in:
24 hours of lectures; 18 hours of laboratory classes.
This is not available as a wild module.
Method of assessment
40% coursework: 2 assignments (15%), practicals (25%); 60% examination.
Crystal structures - An ability to describe the features of the most common crystalline structures.
Bonding in the solid state - An ability to identify different bonding contributions in the solid state.
How the structure and bonding determines the chemical properties of a compound – An ability to relate the crystalline structure with the bonding to predict materials properties.
An ability to describe different defect structures in the solid state and how they affect the materials properties.
An ability to interpret and draw phase diagrams.
The intended generic learning outcomes:
Problem-solving skills, an ability to formulate problems in precise terms and to identify key issues, and the confidence to try different approaches in order to make progress on challenging problems.
Analytical skills – associated with the need to pay attention to detail and to develop an ability to manipulate precise and intricate ideas, to construct logical arguments and to use technical language correctly.
Personal skills – the ability to work independently, to use initiative, to organise oneself to meet deadlines and to interact constructively with other people.