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Professor Richard Norman

Emeritus Professor of Moral Philosophy



Richard Norman is Emeritus Professor of Moral Philosophy. His work has been mainly in the areas of ethics and political philosophy. His book The Moral Philosophers, which has been widely used in courses on moral philosophy, is a critical introduction to the history of ethics, leading to a defence of a form of ethical naturalism. His conception of values as grounded in shared human experience underpins his subsequent work in ethics and political philosophy. His book Free and Equal defends a radically egalitarian political philosophy which aims to reconcile the supposedly conflicting values of freedom and equality. His book Ethics, Killing and War argues for pacificism, a position which is distinct from absolute pacifism but recognises how difficult it is to provide any moral justification for war. In On Humanism (Routledge, 2004), his commitment to shared human values is located within a popular exposition and defence of a non-religious outlook.

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Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository

Norman, R. (2004). On Humanism. Routledge.
Sayers, S. and Norman, R. (1994). Hegel, Marx and Dialectic: A Debate. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing; New edition edition (December 1993).
Sayers, S. and Norman, R. (1980). Hegel, Marx and Dialectic: A Debate. Brighton: Harvester Press, Humanities Press (1980).
Edited book
Norman, R.J. and Moseley, A. eds. (2002). Human Rights and Military Intervention. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Group.
Norman, R. (2007). Particularism and Reasons: A Reply to Kirchin. Journal of Moral Philosophy [Online] 4:33-39. Available at:
Norman, R. (2006). The Varieties of Non-Religious Experience. Ratio [Online] 19:474-494. Available at:
Norman, R. (2004). Can there be a just war? Think [Online]:7-15. Available at:
Norman, R. (2003). "Swinburne's Arguments from Design". Think:35-41.
Norman, R. (2002). Equality, Envy, and the Sense of Injustice. Journal of Applied Philosophy [Online] 19:43-54. Available at:
Norman, R. (2001). Pratical Reasons and the Redundancy of Motives. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice [Online] 4:3-22. Available at:
Norman, R. (2001). Criteria of Justice: Desert, Needs and Equality. Res Publica [Online] 7:115-136. Available at:
Norman, R. (2001). Wants, Reasons and Liberalism. Res Publica [Online] 8:81-91. Available at:
Norman, R. (2000). Public reasons and the 'private language' argument. Philosophical Investigations [Online] 23:292-314. Available at:
Norman, R. (1999). Equality, priority and social justice. Ratio [Online] 12:178-194. Available at:
Norman, R. (1997). Cooperation and equality: Reply. Philosophy 72:137-142.
Norman, R. (1997). The social basis of equality. Ratio [Online] 10:238-252. Available at:
Norman, R. (1997). Making sense of moral realism. Philosophical Investigations [Online] 20:117-135. Available at:
Norman, R. (1995). No End to Equality. Journal of Philosophy of Education 29:421-431.
Book section
Norman, R. (2007). The Varieties of Non-Religious Experience. in: Cottingham, J. ed. The Meaning of Theism. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, pp. 91-110.
Norman, R. (2006). War, Humanitarian Intervention, and Human Rights. in: Sorabji, R. and Rodin, D. eds. The Ethics of War. Ashgate, pp. 191-207.
Norman, R. (2004). Nature, Science and the Sacred. in: Rogers, B. ed. Is Nothing Sacred? London: Taylor & Francis Ltd; Routledge (imprint), pp. 7-27.
Norman, R. (2000). Philosophy and the good life: Reason and passions in Greek, Cartesian and psychoanalytic ethics. Philosophical Investigations [Online] 23:181-187. Available at:
Norman, R. (1998). Towards justice and virtue: A constructive account of practical reasoning. Philosophical Investigations [Online] 21:369-372. Available at:
Total publications in KAR: 23 [See all in KAR]
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Philosophy, School of European Culture and Languages, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NF

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Last Updated: 27/10/2016