Cryptosporidium causes the diarrhoeal disease Cryptosporidiosis, which is usually spread by contaminated water supplies. The important role of Cryptosporidium as a cause of diarrhoea has been established in recent years, and outbreaks feature regularly in news headlines. Cryptosporidium-caused diarrhoea is the second major cause of death from childhood diarrhoea. In addition, individuals with an impaired immune system are at great risk.
There are no treatments for Cryptosporidium and, so far, research on it has been limited because the parasite could not be cultivated at a laboratory scale. Research led by Dr Anastasios Tsaousis and Professor Martin Michaelis of the School of Biosciences has now established the first long-term cultivation system for Cryptosporidium parasites at a laboratory scale.
This new cultivation system will transform research on Cryptosporidium:
- It will enable large-scale screening for anti-Cryptosporidium drugs
- It will enable many laboratories all over the world to investigate the parasite.
- It will enable the studying of the parasite biology in unprecedented detail.
- It enables for the first time the long-term storage of the parasite.
- It will dramatically reduce the number of animals needed for the investigation and production of the parasite.
The team has already gained important new insights into the life cycle of the parasite.
In addition to Dr Tsaousis and Professor Michaelis and their laboratory members, other scientists from the University of Kent have contributed to this research including Dr Jane Povey, Ian Brown, and Dr Wei-Feng Xue from the School of Biosciences and Dr Mark Price from the School of Physical Sciences.
The results are now published in the International Journal of Parasitology.