Kent School of Architecture


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Dr David Haney

PhD (UPenn), MED (Yale), BARCH (UArk)

Architecture, Marlowe 106

Director of CREAte Research Centre

Senior Lecturer

David Haney is trained as an architect and has several years of professional experience in the US. His research interests have always focussed on relationships between architecture and landscape.

His book, "When Modern was Green: Life and Work of Landscape Architect Leberecht Migge" (Routledge: 2010) was honoured (2013) with the prestigious Elisabeth Blair MacDougall Award by the Society of Architectural Historians (US), as an outstanding work on landscape history. This study is primarily a biography of the most important landscape architect for German modernism, Leberecht Migge (1881-1935), but it is also an introduction to several intersecting fields from the period, relatively undocumented in English language literature. Most significantly, this is the first study in English to reveal the importance of ecological thinking within German modernism. Haney's study shows that the roots of modernist philosophies are more complex than often thought, drawing upon varied sources such as alternative communities and international settlement movements. All of these phenomenon maintain contemporary relevance, connections that Dr. Haney is now exploring in his current research.

In 2013, he translated Leberecht Migge's Garden Culture of the Twentieth Century, published by Harvard University Press (2013). He provided a substantial scholarly introduction placing this important treatise in landscape architecture planning in historical context. Migge’s notion of “garden culture” captured the essence of the progressive reform movements of early twentieth-century Germany and yet was unique in proposing a comprehensive role for open space planning within this vision. Perhaps the book’s greatest significance today lies in Migge’s emphasis on the socioeconomic benefits of urban agriculture, which prefigured both this important contemporary trend as well as other recent developments in green technology and infrastructure.

Among his teaching roles, Dr. Haney is the module convenor for "architecture and landscape" design module in the autumn term of second year. His research interests in productive landscapes and the history of ecological design are applied directly in studio design teaching. This past year (2014), students designed a combined cooking and gardening school on a site located within Fowlmead Country Park near Deal, Kent. The park itself is formed of reclaimed land, which was once the area where waste from the Betteshanger Mine was dumped. A local historian and former miner, Jim Davies, presented the mining history of the area to students, who were invited to consider this in their designs. Students were also given lectures in permaculture and ecological factors in Kent to further inform their design thinking. The brief for the project required the students not only to design a small cooking school and centre, but also an extensive landscape area including various structures such as an amphitheatre and a teahouse. Students were asked to develop their own personal, conceptual response to the site and the building programme, which then became the poetic basis for their overall design.  In support of this, local artist Patrick Crouch assisted the students while on site in the preparation of gestural ink drawings of the landscape, using found objects as brushes for ink on paper. Students produced an impressive range of poetic, culturally-rooted responses to the site and project brief.

Dr. Haney has taught previously at Newcastle University (UK), The University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, US), and Yale (US).

He is the Director of CREAte, Centre for Research in European Architecture.

I would welcome PhD student applications covering topics including but not limited to the following areas:
history of twentieth century architecture; history and theory of landscape architecture / landscape studies; history of ecological design; cultural landscape; urban green-space planning; heritage and 'difficult' histories.

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Published research includes:

  • "Garden Culture of the Twentieth Century" Harvard University Press, 2013.
  • "When Modern was Green: Life and Work of Landscape Architect Leberecht Migge" London: New York: Routledge, 2010.

Book chapters:

  • "Three Acres and a Cow": Small-scale Agriculture as Solution to Urban Impoverishment in Britain and Germany, 1880 – 1933," in: Dorothée Imbert, ed., Food and the City. Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 2015.
  • "Admiration and Apprehension of the American Metropolis: European Responses to the Plan of Chicago," in: Alexander Eisenschmidt and Jonathan Mekinda, eds., Chicago in the World. Zurich: Scheidegger & Spiess, 2014.
  • "Birds and Fishes versus Potatoes and Cabbages: Max Bromme's and Leberecht Migge's Attitudes towards Green Space Planning in the New Frankfurt," in: Claudia Quiring, Wolfgang Voigt, Peter Cachola Schmal, and Eckhardt Herrel, eds., Ernst May 1886-1970. Munich: Prestel, 2011.
  • "Spaces of Resistance and Compromise: The Concrete Utopia Realized," in: Nathaniel Coleman, ed., Imagining and Making the World: Reconsidering Architecture and Utopia. Oxford, Frankfurt Main: Peter Lang, 2011.
  • "Organicism and the Reform of Garden Design and Urban Planning in Early Twentieth-Century Germany," with Elke Sohn (Saarbrücken), in: Biocentrism and Modernism, Oliver Botar and Isabel Wünsche, eds., Farnham UK: Ashgate, 2011.

Journal Articles:

  • "The Case of Leberecht Migge," Landscape: The Journal of the Landscape Institute, Spring 2011: 36-39.
  • "Bringing the Americanized Pückler back to Germany: Charles Eliot and the German Park Reform Movement," Bulletin of The German Historical Institute, Supplement 4, "Pückler in America," 2007:89-110.
  • "Leberecht Migge's 'Green Manifesto': Envisioning a Revolution of Gardens," Landscape Journal 2007:26(2):201-218.
  • "Le Jardin de verre: fantaisies biotechniques dans l'oeuvre de Leberecht Migge (1881-1935); ("The Glass Garden: Bio-technic Fantasies in the Work of Leberecht Migge (1881-1935)"), eaV 2006/2007:12:72-83.
  • "'The Tree of Waste' ('Der Abfall Baum'): Leberecht Migge's Concept of Biological Dwelling," David Haney, “’Atık Ağacı’ Der Abfallbaum : Leberecht Migge’nin Biyolojik Yerleşim Kavramı,” Cogito 2005:43:189-220.
  • "'No House-Building without Garden-Building:' the Modern Landscapes of Leberecht Migge," The Journal of Architectural Education, 2001:54:3:149-157.
  • "The Legacy of the Picturesque at Mount Desert Island," The Journal of Garden History, 1996:16:4:275-297.


  • Book: Thomas Mawson Life, Gardens, and Landscapes. Janet Waymark. JoLA, 2011:11:Spring:84-85.
  • Book: Zur Begriff der Natur in Stadtkonzepten. Elke Sohn. Landscape Research, 2011:36:1:124-126.
  • Exhibition: "Two German Architectures," (Hamburg, July 2004). Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 2005:64:2:235-237.
  • Book: To Live in the New World. Judith Major. Studies in the History of Gardens
    and Designed Landscapes, 1998:18:4:372-375.


  • German to English: Dieter Schädel, ed. Hamburger Staatsbauten von Fritz Schumacher. Vol. III. Munich: Hamburg: Dölling and Galitz, 2006.
  • French to English: Roger Narboni, Lighting the Landscape, Basel: Berlin: Birkhäuser Publishers, 2004.
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Research interests:

  • Relationships between landscape and architecture
  • The history of sustainable and ecological design
  • The history of alternative communities and technologies as spatial practice
  • The Global Ecovillage Movement
  • The history of modernist open space
  • "Conservative" versus "modernist" attitudes in German landscape design history

Research affiliations

  • The Twentieth Century Society (London)
  • The London Parks and Gardens Trust


Current projects include

Dr. Haney is currently writing a book length study of landscape architecture in Germany in the first half of the twentieth century, focusing upon reactions to modernity and processes of modernization. Arguably, in no other country in this period were modernity and the means of effectively reacting to it discussed with more analytical intensity than in Germany. Typically in architectural histories, German reactions to modernity are divided between the modernists and the conservatives or traditionalists. However, the association of these two camps with specific forms and styles does more to obfuscate than to clarify underlying economic and social relationships. Further, because the land was central to analyses of modernization and urbanization, the profession of landscape architecture reveals other critical aspects of the overall drive towards controlled modernization than does architecture as the study of building alone. This study will consider landscape architecture in this period in Germany as an expansion and even revision of existing architectural histories, while attempting to deconstruct the simplistic dichotomy between progressive modernist and conservative reactionary.

He is also currently in the planning stages of a collaborative research project on the history of urban agriculture in the London area. This project has arisen from recent research on Kropotkin's influence on actual self-sufficient settlements in London and the Southeast.


  • Symposium: “Parallel Motion: Modernism and Dystopia in European Planning ca. 1935 – 1950,” Twentieth Century Society, London, June 2015. Invited speakers: Jean-Louis Cohen, Hartmut Frank, Murray Fraser, David Haney, Alan Powers


  • “The Culture of the Soil (Edaphon) in German Reform Planning and Architecture,” Fondation Braillard Architectes – Laboratory of Urbanism, Geneva, September 2015.
  • “Of Garden City Descent: Nazi Community Planning in the New/Old East”, Symposium: “Parallel Motion: Modernism and Dystopia in European Planning ca. 1935 – 1950,” Twentieth Century Society, London, June 2015.
  • "When Modern was Green, Leberecht Migge e la città del ventesimo secolo” Fondazione Benetton, Treviso, February 2014.
  • "The Werkbund Concept of the Type and the Metropolitan Park System in Garden Culture of the Twentieth Century," Dumbarton Oaks, Washington DC, November 2013.
  • "Beyond Progress and Back: Recovering the Ecological in Weimar Modernism," Technical University, Delft: May 2013.
  • "The Anarchist Prince, the 'Architect for Horticulture,' and the Politics of Vegetable Gardening," Dumbarton Oaks, Washington DC: May 2012.
  • "Fantastisches und Prosaisches in der Selbstversorgungs-Gartenliteratur von Leberecht Migge" ("Fantastic and Prosaic Landscapes of Self-Suffiency in the Writings of Leberecht Migge") German Studies Institute of the University of Paris West Nanterre La Défense: October 2011.
  • "Productive, Restorative, Ornamental: The Roles of Green Space in the New Frankfurt"; Conference on Ernst May, Deutsches Architekturmuseum (DAM), Frankfurt Main: September 2011.
  • "Leberecht Migge and the Problem of Modern versus Conservative in Early Twentieth-Century German Landscape Architecture," The University of Illinois at Chicago, Art History Department, and Boston University, Art History Department: April, 2011.
  • "Leberecht Migge and the Green Revolution in Weimar Germany," The Institute of Historical Research, London: March, 2011.
  • "Migge und die Moderne: Mythen und Probleme" (in German), Gartenforum Glienicke, Berlin: February, 2011.
  • "Sorting Time: Cultural Landscape, Uses of History, and German Modernism," Annual conference of the Society of Architectural Historians (US): April, 2009.
  • "The English Country House and German Modernism: The Garden Architectonic," Northern Architectural History Society, Newcastle upon Tyne: February, 2009.
  • "From Picturesque to Modern: The Hygenic Sublime and the Biological Garden," Landscape Architecture Programme, The University of Greenwich, London: May, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011.
  • "Bringing the Americanized Pückler back to Germany through the Writings of Werner Hegemann and Leberecht Migge." Conference paper for "Pückler in America," organized by the German Historical Institute, in Bad Muskau, Germany: June, 2006.
  • "How Green was the Green Manifesto: Political Ambiguities in the Work of Leberecht Migge," Annual conference of the Society of Architectural Historians (US): April, 2006.
  • “The Modern Garden in Germany 1900-1935: From Arts and Crafts to radical Biology," École de Architecture Versailles: November, 2005.
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Module Code Module Title Information
AR552 Architecture and Landscape
  • Convenor
AR597 BA Dissertation
  • Tutor
AR541 Collective Dwelling
  • Tutor
AR602 MArch Dissertation
  • Convenor


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Kent School of Architecture, Marlowe Building, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NR

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Last Updated: 14/11/2016