Qualifications: PhD (UPenn), MED (Yale), BARCH (UArk)
David Haney is trained as an architect and has several years of professional experience in the US. His research interests have always focussed on relationships between architecture and landscape.
Dr. Haney is the module convenor for ‘Twentieth-Century Architecture’, which is the final course in the five-semester history/theory lecture series in the BA Part I Programme. In this course, the varied streams of architectural practice are discussed, including but not limited to the standard narratives of modernism in architecture. Relevant movements in art and related disciplines are discussed as a means of providing a wider context to architectural discourse of the period. The course concludes by considering the impact and reinvigoration of modern architecture in countries not usually considered ‘the West’.
He has previously been the module convenor for ‘Architecture and Landscape’, and continues as a tutor on that course, and the other second year design studio, ‘Collective Dwelling’. His research into historical relationships between architecture and landscape inform his design studio and history teaching.
Dr. Haney has taught previously at Newcastle University (UK), The University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, US), and Yale (US).
He is the Director of CREAte, Centre for Research in European Architecture.
- Physical and symbolic relationships between landscape and architecture
- The use of buildings within geographical constructs, such as cultural landscape
- Representations of ‘difficult’ heritage
- Histories of sustainable and ecological design
- Histories of alternative communities and technologies as spatial practice
Dr. Haney would welcome PhD student applications related to the above topics in any geographical or historic context.
Dr. Haney is in the process of completing a book manuscript focussed upon the exploitation of cultural landscape in Nazi-era Germany. The German geographer Friedrich Ratzel coined the term ‘cultural landscape’ in the late-nineteenth-century, as a tangible aesthetic model for visualizing territory, linked to his paradigm of the interdependence of state and land as organism. These concepts were later racialized through ‘Blood and Soil’, standing for relationships between the body and landscape, expressed at the highest level through German culture. Nazi-era publications focused on human portraiture and landscape, while architects strove to physically embed buildings in the soil. Because territorial consolidation and expansion were ever-present in the Nazi mind, monumental projects were conceived within larger geographic contexts, represented through maps with architectural icons. Haney’s study analyses this complex of spatial, racial, and design concepts, referencing to period images of buildings and people together with maps. Visual material is essential to understanding Nazi cultural landscape. Previously, architectural histories have focused on buildings individually, while geographic studies haven’t addressed relationships to architecture and design. This is the first book dedicated to Nazi cultural landscape, providing a critical lens for viewing period architectural production, as well as Holocaust atrocities.
As a result of his investigations into the uses and abuses of geography in the Nazi era, Haney is now approaching the topic of cultural landscape from a more complex perspective. Rather than understanding architecture as a component within cultural landscape, he is now examining the ways that architectural works have been used to set up territorial constructions at geographic scales. Along with his colleague in CREAte, Dr. Luciano Cardellicchio, he has organised a conference dedicated to these themes titled, ‘From Building to Continent: How Architecture Creates Territories’ : https://research.kent.ac.uk/frombuildingtocontinent/ To take place end of June 2018, this two-day event will follow in the tradition of CREAte’s highly successful biennial conference series.
- Workshop: Together with Prof. Kenny Cupers of the University of Basel, Dr. Haney organised a workshop at the University of Oxford in May 2017 comprised of a group of architectural historians and invited historical geographers, including Prof. Mark Bassin (Södertörns Högskola, Stockholm, Geography), Prof. Michael Heffernan (Nottingham, Geography) and Dr. Ian Klinke (Oxford, Geography). At the conference research methodologies in architectural history and historical geography were discussed, with the aim of re-thinking architectural history and heritage at geographic scales. The forthcoming 2018 CREAte conference is based upon themes defined at this workshop event.
- Symposium: “Parallel Motion: Modernism and Dystopia in European Planning ca. 1935 – 1950,” Twentieth Century Society, London, June 2015. Invited speakers: Jean-Louis Cohen, Hartmut Frank, Murray Fraser, David Haney, Alan Powers
- “The Culture of the Soil (Edaphon) in German Reform Planning and Architecture,” Fondation Braillard Architectes – Laboratory of Urbanism, Geneva, September 2015.
- “Of Garden City Descent: Nazi Community Planning in the New/Old East”, Symposium: “Parallel Motion: Modernism and Dystopia in European Planning ca. 1935 – 1950,” Twentieth Century Society, London, June 2015.
- "When Modern was Green, Leberecht Migge e la città del ventesimo secolo” Fondazione Benetton, Treviso, February 2014.
- "The Werkbund Concept of the Type and the Metropolitan Park System in Garden Culture of the Twentieth Century," Dumbarton Oaks, Washington DC, November 2013.
- "Beyond Progress and Back: Recovering the Ecological in Weimar Modernism," Technical University, Delft: May 2013.
- "The Anarchist Prince, the 'Architect for Horticulture,' and the Politics of Vegetable Gardening," Dumbarton Oaks, Washington DC: May 2012.
- "Fantastisches und Prosaisches in der Selbstversorgungs-Gartenliteratur von Leberecht Migge" ("Fantastic and Prosaic Landscapes of Self-Suffiency in the Writings of Leberecht Migge") German Studies Institute of the University of Paris West Nanterre La Défense: October 2011.
- "Productive, Restorative, Ornamental: The Roles of Green Space in the New Frankfurt"; Conference on Ernst May, Deutsches Architekturmuseum (DAM), Frankfurt Main: September 2011.
- "Leberecht Migge and the Problem of Modern versus Conservative in Early Twentieth-Century German Landscape Architecture," The University of Illinois at Chicago, Art History Department, and Boston University, Art History Department: April, 2011.
- "Leberecht Migge and the Green Revolution in Weimar Germany," The Institute of Historical Research, London: March, 2011.
- "Migge und die Moderne: Mythen und Probleme" (in German), Gartenforum Glienicke, Berlin: February, 2011.
- "Sorting Time: Cultural Landscape, Uses of History, and German Modernism," Annual conference of the Society of Architectural Historians (US): April, 2009.
- "The English Country House and German Modernism: The Garden Architectonic," Northern Architectural History Society, Newcastle upon Tyne: February, 2009.
- "From Picturesque to Modern: The Hygenic Sublime and the Biological Garden," Landscape Architecture Programme, The University of Greenwich, London: May, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011.
- "Bringing the Americanized Pückler back to Germany through the Writings of Werner Hegemann and Leberecht Migge." Conference paper for "Pückler in America," organized by the German Historical Institute, in Bad Muskau, Germany: June, 2006.
- "How Green was the Green Manifesto: Political Ambiguities in the Work of Leberecht Migge," Annual conference of the Society of Architectural Historians (US): April, 2006.
- “The Modern Garden in Germany 1900-1935: From Arts and Crafts to radical Biology," École de Architecture Versailles: November, 2005.
|Module Code||Module Title||Information|
|AR556||Twentieth Century Architecture||Module Convenor|
|AR552||Architecture and Landscape||Tutor|
Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository
Haney, D. (2011). Essay: The Case of Leberecht Migge. Landscape: The Journal of the Landscape Institute:36-39.
Haney, D. (2016). Philosophies des excréments: réutilisation des effluents en Allemagne à la fin du 19e et du 20e siècle [The Philosophies of Feces: the Reuse of Sewage in Germany in the late Nineteenth and early Twentieth Century]. in: Mantziaras, P. and Vigano, P. eds. Le sol des villes: Ressource et projet. Métis Presses, pp. 115-142.
Haney, D. (2015). "Three Acres and a Cow": Small-Scale Agriculture as Solution to Urban Impoverishment in Britain and Germany, 1880–1933. in: Imbert, D. ed. Food and the City : Histories of Culture and Cultivation. Harvard University Press, pp. 17-53.This paper traces the development of paradigms calling for the common people to be given access to productive garden land, beginning in England in the late nineteenth century, to the influence on German modernism in the early twentieth century through translated publications.
Haney, D. (2013). Admiration and Apprehension of the American Metropolis: European Responses to the Plan of Chicago. in: Eisenschmidt, A. and Mekinda, J. eds. Chicagoisms : the city as catalyst for architectural speculation. University of Chicago Press.
Haney, D. (2011). "Birds and Fishes versus Potatoes and Cabbages: Max Bromme's and Leberecht Migge's Attitudes towards Green Space Planning in the New Frankfurt". in: Quiring, C. et al. eds. Ernst May 1886-1970. Munich: Prestel, pp. 68-77. Available at: http://www.randomhouse.de/Buch/Ernst-May-1886-1970/Claudia-Quiring/e382229.rhd?edi=382229.
Haney, D. (2011). "Spaces of Resistance and Compromise: The Concrete Utopia Realized". in: Coleman, N. ed. Imagining and Making the World: Reconsidering Architecture and Utopia. Oxford / Frankfurt Main: Peter Lang, pp. 223-248. Available at: http://lccn.loc.gov/2011011070.
Haney, D. and Sohn, E. (2011). "Traces of organicism in gardening and urban planning theories in early twentieth-century Germany". in: Wunsche, I. and Botar, O. eds. Biocentrism and Modernism. Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate, pp. 107-126. Available at: http://lccn.loc.gov/2010044257.
Haney, D. (2010). When Modern was Green: Life and Work of Landscape Architect Leberecht Migge. [Online]. Abingdon, OXON, UK: Routledge. Available at: http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415561396/.Today, contemporary landscape design is increasingly drawing from ideas of sustainability and ecological stability. Not in fact new, the foundations of this approach stem from early twentieth century Germany, where architects and planners were already beginning to use the design concepts which are now referred to as "green". This ecological school of thought was driven by modernist landscape architect Leberecht Migge (1881-1935). Working with significant modernist architects of the age – including Martin Elsaesser, Ernst May, Bruno Taut, and Martin Wagner – Migge was responsible for some of the most important housing and planning projects of the age; the mass housing settlements, or Großsiedlungen, of Frankfurt Main and Berlin. Using "biotechnic" principles to integrally link dwelling and garden, Migge was able to recycle household waste to grow foodstuffs through the use of innovative infrastructure and open space planning. Also a skilled park and garden designer, he drew together green and architectural elements in his "garden-architectonic" approach. David H. Haney's book is the first to fully document Leberecht Migge's life and work. Using Migge as a starting point, Haney addresses conceptual and theoretical aspects of German ecological design, challenging conventional assumptions about modernism and ecological design history. With 200 illustrations and photographs, When Modern Was Green is ideal for students and academics interested in modernism, landscape history and higher level German studies.
Migge, L. (2013). Garden Culture of the Twentieth Century:(Ex Horto: Dumbarton Oaks Texts in Garden and Landscape Studi). [Online]. Haney, D. H. ed. Harvard University Press. Available at: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Garden-Culture-Twentieth-Century-Horto/dp/0884023885.