School of Physical Sciences

E-FIT team define the face of beauty

News article

Posted on 30th March 2015

The "ideal" female and male face as decided upon in the study

The faces of the most beautiful man and woman have been revealed - using EFIT-V Photofit technology, in a team led by the School of Physical Sciences’ Dr Chris Solomon.

The programme was created by Dr Solomon’s company VisionMetric, and is used by police departments around the world to help identify wanted individuals. The software works by giving the user a range of faces from which they choose the closest resembling one. The software then uses genetic algorithms to generate more faces with closer characteristics to the one originally selected, from which the user selects again. This continues until the ‘closest matching face’ is reached, upon which point individual features can be tweaked by the user.

The study – commissioned by Samsung for the launch of their new Galaxy S6 phone – asked people over a period of two months to produce their definition of the “perfect face”, with these results being judged for attractiveness by a further 100 people.

Of the results, Dr Solomon said “For the male face of beauty, women drew a more feminine face than men – women rate a softer jaw-line, slimmer face, fuller lips and clean-shaven look as the most attractive, compared to the more masculine appearance that is considered the most attractive by men.

“Interestingly, for the female face of beauty women rated a sexier appearance as the most beautiful than their male counterparts – women perceived fuller lips, a slimmer face, larger eyes and higher cheekbones as the most beautiful, more so than the male population.”

However, he made sure to point out that this was a study in the UK, so studies in other parts of the world would likely yield very different results, but that it certainly gave “some interesting results about what Brits consider to be the epitome of beauty”.

The statistics of the “perfect” face:
N.B. Face width at the height of the eyes = 1 unit. All measurements use this unit and are thus a ratio in proportion to it.

Female
Eyes: Almond-shaped (brown): 0.48 distance apart from eye centres, each is 0.23 width
Eyebrows: Arched, shaped: 0.125 distance above eyes
Nose: Slim, small: 0.37 length, 0.1 wide at bridge and 0.25 wide at base;
Lips: Full: mouth 0.38 wide
Jawline: Regular, smooth: chin 0.21 length
Face: Heart-shaped: 1 wide at eyes, 0.81 wide at mouth and 1.44 long
Brunette hair
Near perfect facial symmetry

Male
Eyes: Oval-shaped (blue): 0.46 distance apart from eye centres
Eyebrows: Medium-thick, straight with curved ends: 0.07 distance above eyes
Nose: Slim, mid-length, straight: 0.38 length, 0.11 wide at bridge and 0.26 wide at base
Lips: Average (neither full nor thin): mouth 0.35 wide
Jawline: Square: chin 0.27 length
Face: Oval-shaped: 1 wide at eyes, 0.88 wide at mouth and 1.33 long
Brunette hair
Near perfect facial symmetry

The study also looked at how this compared to celebrity faces, coming to the conclusion that Natalie Portman and David Gandy were closest to the “ideal” definition of beauty.

 

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Last Updated: 30/03/2015