Professor Maria Paola Scaparra

Professor in Management Science

About

Professor Scaparra is the Head of the Management Science Group and a member of the Centre for Logistics and Heuristic Optimistation (CLHO). Professor Scaparra moved to Kent Business School in September 2004 from the University of California, Santa Barbara, where she held a position as a postdoctoral researcher in infrastructure and transportation planning. She earned an MSc in Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research from Stanford University in 2000 and a PhD in Mathematics Applied to Economic Decisions from the University of Pisa, Italy, in 2002.

Her research interests include the application of optimization techniques to location analysis, critical infrastructure protection planning, disaster management and humanitarian logistics among others. She has published many papers and book chapters on these topics in top-ranked operational research and geography journals, and has been involved in several international, multi-disciplinary and consultancy projects. These include an EPSRC funded project titled “Design and protection strategies for critical infrastructure systems and supply chains” and the European funded project METRIP (MEthodological Tools for Railway Infrastructure Protection). Recently, she has been the lead academic on a Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) with the Port of Dover.

Professor Scaparra is currently exploring how Operational Research can contribute to the achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals and help solve intractable challenges in developing countries. Over the past year, she has been leading the GCRF project ‘Optimal investment strategies to minimise flood impact on road infrastructure systems in Vietnam’, funded by the British Academy’s Global Challenges Research Fund: Cities and Infrastructure programme.

Professor Scaparra has been a programme committee member for several international conferences, has given plenary and keynote sessions at international meetings and several research seminars at leading institutions across the UK, Europe and the US. She is also a member of the General Council of the OR Society, Education and Research Committee.

Research Interests

Operational Research for Disaster Management, Optimization approaches for critical infrastructure protection, Humanitarian logistics, Infrastructure and transportation investment planning, Location analysis, Heuristic optimization.

Teaching

Professor Scaparra has taught several different modules at both undergraduate and postgraduate level. These include introductory modules in management science and operational research, mathematics for business, spreadsheets and decision support systems, applied business modelling, and research methods among others.

Supervision

Current Supervisees
  • Annunziata Esposito Amideo: Optimization Approaches for Improving Mitigation and Response Operations in Disaster Management
  • Jane Christie: Consulting with executives in the UK government: Use of multimethodology to support strategic decision-making
  • Betul Coban: Integrating Mitigation, Response and Recovery Operations for Efficient Disaster Management
  • Sheema Noorain: Combining PSMs with Hard OR Methods to Address Efficiency and Equality of Mental Healthcare Services
Past Supervisees
  • Stefano Starita: Protecting Transportation Infrastructure Against Terrorist Attacks and Natural Events: Models and Algorithms
  • Abdullah Alharbi: Combining Heuristics and Exact Approaches for the Vertex p-Centre problem and other Related Location Problems
  • Chandra Ade Irawan: Aggregation Technique in a Class of Location Problems 
  • Federico Liberatore: Protection Planning for Critical Infrastructure Systems in Location Analysis: Models and Algorithms
  • Chaya Losada: Design and Protection of Critical Infrastructure System and Supply Chains
  • Thomas Jeffries: Enhancing Supply Chain Management of Blood Donation Services
  • Christina Ioannidou: Optimising River Infrastructure Placement and Mitigation Decisions

Professional

Paola is associate editor of the journals Networks and Spatial Economics
and IIE Transactions (Area: Scheduling and Logistics). She is also a member of the Editorial Board of the journal International Regional Science Review.

Paola acts as a reviewer for several OR and geographical journals, including Operations Research, Management Science, Transportation Science, EJOR, JORS, Computers and Operational Research, Geographical Analysis, and Socio Economic Planning Sciences among others.  She has reviewed research applications for funding agencies such as the US National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Chilean National Science and Technology Commission (FONDECYT).​

Publications

Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository

Book section

  • Starita, S., Esposito Amideo, A. and Scaparra, M. (2018). Assessing Urban Rail Transit Systems Vulnerability: Metrics vs. Interdiction Models. In: D’AgostinoG. ed. Critical Information Infrastructures Security. Springer. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99843-5_13.
  • Esposito Amideo, A. and Scaparra, M. (2017). A Scenario Planning Approach for Shelter Location and Evacuation Routing. In: Sforza, A. and Sterle, C. eds. Optimization and Decision Science: Methodologies and Applications. Springer, pp. 567-576. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67308-0_32.
  • Faramondi, L., Oliva, G., Setola, R., Pascucci, F., Esposito Amideo, A. and Scaparra, M. (2017). Performance Analysis of Single and Multi-objective Approaches for the Critical Node Detection Problem. In: Sforza, A. and Sterle, C. eds. Optimization and Decision Science: Methodologies and Applications. Springer, pp. 315-324. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67308-0_32.
  • Esposito Amideo, A. and Scaparra, M. (2017). A Synthesis of Optimization Approaches for Tackling Critical Information Infrastructure Survivability. In: Havarneanu, G., Setola, R., Nassopoulos, H. and Wolthusen, S. eds. Critical Information Infrastructures Security. Springer, pp. 75-87. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71368-7_7.
  • Scaparra, M., Starita, S. and Sterle, C. (2015). Optimizing investment decisions for railway systems protection. In: Setola, R., Sforza, A., Vittorini, V. and Pragliola, C. eds. Railway Infrastructure Security. Springer, pp. 215-233.
  • Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2015). Location Problems under Disaster Events. In: Saldanha-da-Gama, F., Nickel, S. and Laporte, G. eds. Location Science. Springer, pp. 623-642.
  • Church, R. and Scaparra, M. (2007). Analysis of Facility Systems’ Reliability When Subject to Attack or a Natural Disaster. In: Murray, A. T. and Grubesic, T. H. eds. Critical Infrastructure: Reliability and Vulnerability. Berlin: Springer, pp. 221-242.
  • Snyder, L., Scaparra, M., Daskin, M. and Church, R. (2006). Planning for Disruption in Supply Chain Networks. In: Johnson, M. P., Norman, B. and Secomandi, N. eds. Tutorials in Operations Research: Models, Methods, and Applications for Innovative Decision Making. INFORMS, pp. 234-257. Available at: http://tutorials.pubs.informs.org/index.php.

Article

  • Esposito Amideo, A., Scaparra, M. and Kotiadis, K. (2018). Optimising shelter location and evacuation routing operations: The critical issues. European Journal of Operational Research [Online] 279:279-295. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2018.12.009.
  • Preston, C., Horne, P., O’Hanley, J. and Scaparra, M. (2018). Traffic Modelling at the Port of Dover. Impact [Online] 2018:7-11. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/2058802X.2018.1452422.
  • Tran, T., O’Hanley, J. and Scaparra, M. (2017). Reliable hub network design: Formulation and solution techniques. Transportation Science [Online] 51:358-375. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/trsc.2016.0679.
  • Starita, S. and Scaparra, M. (2017). Passenger railway network protection: A model with variable post-disruption demand service. Journal of the Operational Research Society [Online] 69:603-618. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41274-017-0255-y.
  • Tran, T., Scaparra, M. and O’Hanley, J. (2017). A Hypergraph Multi-Exchange Heuristic for the Single-Source Capacitated Facility Location Problem. European Journal of Operational Research [Online] 263:173-187. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2017.04.032.
  • Starita, S. and Scaparra, M. (2016). Optimizing dynamic investment decisions for railway systems protection. European Journal of Operational Research [Online] 248:543-557. Available at: http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2015.07.025.
  • Starita, S., Scaparra, M. and O’Hanley, J. (2016). A dynamic model for road protection against flooding. Journal of the Operational Research Society [Online] 68:74-88. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41274-016-0019-0.
  • Gama, M., Santos, B. and Scaparra, M. (2015). A multi-period shelter location-allocation model with evacuation orders for flood disasters. EURO Journal on Computational Optimization [Online] 4:299-323. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13675-015-0058-3.
  • Irawan, C., Salhi, S. and Scaparra, M. (2014). An adaptive multiphase approach for large unconditional and conditional p-median problems. European Journal of Operational Research [Online] 237:590-605. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2014.01.050.
  • Scaparra, M., Church, R. and Medrano, F. (2014). Corridor location: the multi-gateway shortest path model. Journal of Geographical Systems [Online] 16:287-309. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2Fs10109-014-0197-8.
  • Liberatore, F., Vitoriano, B., Ortuno, M., Tirado, G. and Scaparra, M. (2014). A hierarchical compromise model for the joint optimization of recovery operations and distribution of emergency goods in humanitarian logistics. Computers and Operations Research [Online] 42:3-13. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cor.2012.03.019.
  • O’Hanley, J., Scaparra, M. and García-QuilesS. (2013). Probability chains: A general linearization technique for modeling reliability in facility location and related problems. European Journal of Operational Research [Online] 230:63-75. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2013.03.021.
  • Liberatore, F., Scaparra, M. and Daskin, M. (2012). Hedging against disruptions with ripple effects in location analysis. Omega [Online] 40:21-30. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.omega.2011.03.003.
  • Mingers, J., Watson, K. and Scaparra, M. (2012). Estimating Business And Management Journal Quality From The 2008 Research Assessment Exercise In The UK. Information Processing and Management [Online] 48:1078-1093. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2012.01.008.
  • Losada, C., Scaparra, M. and O’Hanley, J. (2012). Optimizing system resilience: A facility protection model with recovery time. European Journal of Operational Research [Online] 217:519-530. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2011.09.044.
  • Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2012). Protecting supply systems to mitigate potential disaster: a model to fortify capacitated facilities. International Regional Science Review [Online] 35:188-210. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0160017611435357.
  • Losada, C., Scaparra, M., Church, R. and Daskin, M. (2012). The stochastic interdiction median problem with disruption intensity levels. Annals of Operations Research [Online] 201:345-365. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10479-012-1170-x.
  • Cappanera, P. and Scaparra, M. (2011). Optimal allocation of protective resources in shortest path networks. Transportation Science [Online] 45:64-80. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/trsc.1100.0340.
  • Liberatore, F. and Scaparra, M. (2011). Optimizing protection strategies for supply chains: Comparing classic decision making criteria in an uncertain environment. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101:1-17.
  • Liberatore, F., Scaparra, M. and Daskin, M. (2011). Analysis of facility protection strategies against an uncertain number of attacks: The Stochastic R-Interdiction Median Problem with Fortification. Computers and Operations Research [Online] 38:357-366. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cor.2010.06.002.
  • Losada, C., Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2010). On a bi-level formulation to protect uncapacitated p-median systems with facility recovery time and frequent disruptions. Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics [Online] 36:591-598. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.endm.2010.05.075.
  • Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2008). A bilevel mixed-integer program for critical infrastructure protection planning. Computers and Operations Research [Online] 35:1905-1923. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VC5-4M69JVY-1&_user=125871&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000010239&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=125871&md5=7db18bde82875a10a5876ee535486a0b.
  • Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2008). An exact solution approach for the interdiction median problem with fortification. European Journal of Operational Research [Online] 189:76-92. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2007.05.027.
  • Church, R. and Scaparra, M. (2007). Protecting critical assets: The r-interdiction median problem with fortification. Geographical Analysis [Online] 39:129-146. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1538-4632.2007.00698.x.
  • Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2005). A GRASP and Path Relinking Heuristic for Rural Road Networks Development. Journal of Heuristics [Online] 11:89-108. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10732-005-7000-4.
  • Scaparra, M., Pallottino, S. and Scutella, M. (2004). Large Scale Local Search Heuristics for the Capacitated Vertex P-Center Problem. Networks [Online] 43:241-255. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/net.20000.
  • Scaparra, M., Church, R. and Middleton, R. (2004). Identifying Critical Infrastructures: The Median and Covering Interdiction Problem. Annals of the Association of American Geographers [Online] 94:491-502. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.2004.00410.x.
  • Scaparra, M., Ahuja, R., Orlin, J., Pallottino, S. and Scutella, M. (2004). A Multi-Exchange Heuristic for the Single Source Capacitated Facility Location Problem. Management Science [Online] 50:749-760. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1030.0193.

Monograph

  • Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2010). Protecting Supply Systems to Mitigate Potential Disaster: A Model to Fortify Capacitated Facilities. University of Kent Canterbury.
  • Mingers, J., Watson, K. and Scaparra, M. (2009). Estimating Business and Management Journal Quality from the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise in the UK. University of Kent Canterbury. Available at: http://www.kent.ac.uk/kbs/documents/research/working-papers/2009/205-rae-papers.pdf.
  • Scaparra, M. and Liberatore, F. (2008). Optimization and Analysis of Protection Strategies for Supply Chains: Comparing Regret and Expected Models. University of Kent Canterbury. Available at: http://www.kent.ac.uk/kbs/research/working-papers.html.
  • Scaparra, M. and Cappanera, P. (2008). Optimal Allocation of Protective Resources in Shortest-Path Networks. University of Kent Canterbury. Available at: http://www.kent.ac.uk/kbs/research/knowledge/working-papers.html.
  • Scaparra, M., Losada, C., Church, R. and Daskin, M. (2008). Modeling Approaches for the Multi-Source Interdiction Median Problem. University of Kent Canterbury. Available at: http://www.kent.ac.uk/kbs/research/working-papers.html.
  • Scaparra, M., Liberatore, F. and Daskin, M. (2008). Analysis of Facility Protection Strategies Against Uncertain Numbers of Attacks: The Stochastic R-Interdiction Median Problem With Fortification. University of Kent Canterbury. Available at: http://www.kent.ac.uk/kbs/research/working-papers.html.
  • Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2006). A Bilevel Mixed Interger for Critical Infrastructure Protection Planning. University of Kent Canterbury.
  • Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2005). An Optimal Modeling Approach for the Interdiction Median Problem With Fortification. University of Kent Canterbury.
  • Scaparra, M. and Church, R. (2005). Protecting Critical Assets: The R-Interdiction Median Problem With Fortification. University of Kent Canterbury.
  • Scaparra, M. and Scutella, M. (2001). Facilities, Locations, Customers: Building Blocks of Location Models. A Survey. Universits’ degli Studi di Pisa. Available at: https://doi.org/TR-01-18.

Conference or workshop item

  • O’Hanley, J., Tran, T. and Scaparra, M. (2014). The unreliable hub location problem: Formulation and solution techniques. In: International Symposium on Locational Decisions (ISOLDE XIII).
  • Scaparra, M., Tran, T. and O’Hanley, J. (2014). A hypergraph multi-exchange heuristic for the single-source capacitated facility location problem. In: International Symposium on Locational Decisions (ISOLDE XIII).
  • O’Hanley, J., Scaparra, M. and García-QuilesS. (2012). A general linearization technique for modeling reliability in facility location: Applications to problems with site-dependent failure probabilities. In: International Symposium on Locational Decisions (ISOLDE XII).
  • O’Hanley, J., Scaparra, M. and García-QuilesS. (2010). An exact linear reformulation of the maximum expected covering problem. In: European Conference on Operational Research (EURO XXIV).
  • Scaparra, M. (2010). Identifying efficient investments in protection and security measures: Recent advances in protection modelling. In: OR52 Annual Conference.
  • Scaparra, M., Liberatore, F. and Daskin, M. (2010). Disaster mitigation strategies against disruptions with ripple effects. In: EWGLA XIII (Euro Working Group on Locational Analysis).
  • Scaparra, M., O’Hanley, J. and García-QuilesS. (2010). An integer programming formulation for the non-uniform p-median problem with unreliable facilities. In: European Conference on Operational Research (EURO XXIV).
  • Liberatore, F. and Scaparra, M. (2010). Models of optimisation under uncertainty for reducing logistic systems vulnerabilities. In: ILS’2010: Third International Conference on Information Systems, Logistics and Supply Chain. Available at: http://www.easy-dim.org/reunions/ils2010-third-international-conference-on-information-systems-logistics-and-supply-chain.
  • Scaparra, M. (2001). A multi-exchange heuristic for the capacitated facility location problem with single source constraints. In: ORP3 Conference 2001.

Thesis

  • Ioannidou, C. (2017). Optimising River Infrastructure Placement and Mitigation Decisions.
  • Starita, S. (2016). Optimization Approaches To Protect Transportation Infrastructure Against Strategic and Random Disruptions.
  • Jeffries, T. (2015). Optimising Blood Donation Session Scheduling in South East England.
Total publications in KAR: 58 [See all in KAR]