The University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NZ, T +44 (0)1227 764000
Dr Patrick Mahoney
Senior Lecturer in Biological Anthropology
- - P.Mahoney@kent.ac.uk
- - 01227 (82)7927
School roles and responsibilities
Director of Skeletal Biology Research Centre (SBRC); Programme Convenor for BSc Anthroplogy, BSc Biological Anthropology and BSc Medical Anthropology.
I have a BSc in archaeology from UCL (1999), and an MSc in human osteology and palaeopathology from Sheffield (2000). I did my PhD at Sheffield (2004) on human dental microwear during the hunter-gatherer to farming development in the prehistoric Levant, spending time at Tel Aviv University. After that I trained in dental histology at Arizona State University and the Institute of Human Origins (2005). I spent several years employed as a post-doc on AHRC and NSF funded projects conducting histological analyses of tooth enamel to investigate fossil primate life history and dental development in humans. I took my current position at Kent in 2008.back to top
Recent publications on human deciduous tooth enamel
- Mahoney P. 2013. Testing functional and morphological interpretations of enamel thickness along the deciduous tooth row in human children. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151: 518–525.
- Mahoney P. 2012. Incremental enamel development in modern human deciduous anterior teeth. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147: 637-51.
- Mahoney P. 2011. Human deciduous mandibular molar incremental enamel development. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144: 204-14.
Full list of publicationsback to top
I have interests in dental anthropology, human growth and development, and bioarchaeology. My funded projects are on human 'milk teeth'. I study the mechanism that generates the enamel layer in children's teeth. I also contribute to ancient human dietary reconstructions.
- Childhood enamel development
This project reconstructs the development of ‘milk teeth’ from enamel histology. This will provide new dental growth charts. These can be used estimate juvenile age-at-death, or to identify the timing of surface enamel defects. This project also provides a comparative basis for research into the evolution of this enamel type in hominoids.
Funding: The Royal Society (research equipment)
- Childhood weaning and health
I am working with the University of Indianapolis (Dr. Chris Schmidt) to determine if weaning impacted upon the health of medieval children from different social backgrounds. We are combining 3D microscopic dental texture images from the surface of children’s milk teeth with microscopic evidence of health from enamel histology to gain a new understanding about Medieval life.
Funding: British Academy / Leverhulme small research grant
- Ancient human diet
I contribute to ancient human dietary reconstructions for Anglo Saxon England (Kent), and Bronze Age Britain (UCL).
Teaching Interests: Human Osteology; Palaeopathology; Forensic Anthropology.
I am convenor of
- SE566: Human Osteology (convenor)
- SE569: Palaeopathology (convenor)
- SE567: Methodology in Anthropological Science (convenor)
I teach classes / supervise on
- SE533: Project in Anthropological Science
- PS502: Forensic Archaeology
- SE302: Foundations of Biological Anthropology
Graduate Supervision (primary supervisor)
- PhD. Martin Wood. 'Does Milk Drinking Have an Effect on Enamel Growth in Humans?'
- MSc by research. Rosie Pitfield. 'Ontogenetic and functional perspectives on modern human bone growth'
- PhD. 2014. Justyna J. Miszkiewicz. 'Ancient Human Bone Histology and Behaviour'
- MSc by research. 2011. Elizabeth Rowing. 'Stable isotope signatures of diet in Iron Age and Anglo Saxon Kent'
- MSc by research. 2011. Katheraine Scane. 'Diet inferred from carbon and nitrogen istope ratios in Neotlihic and Bronze Age Kent'
- MSc by research. 2011. Claire Barrett. 'Masticatory mechanics and the production of dental microwear in Gorilla, Pan and Papio'
Graduate Supervision (co-supervisor)
- MSc by research. 2009. Helen Bluck. 'The forgotten bones of Medieval Woodchurch: an osteological and palaeopathological assessment'
- Manager of the Human Osteology Lab, which is equipped for dental casting, sectioning hard tissue, thin section preparation, high resolution microscopy, image analysis, and collagen isolation for isotopic analysis.
- Curator of the Biological Anthropology human skeletal collection.
- Director of the University commercial osteology unit (KORA).
- Trustee and Board Member for the Powell Cotton Museum.