School of Anthropology & Conservation

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Dr Patrick Mahoney

Senior Lecturer in Biological Anthropology

Developmental biology of hominoid dentition; bioarchaeology, especially prehistoric human diet; palaeopathology.


profile image for Dr Patrick Mahoney

School roles and responsibilities

Director of Skeletal Biology Research Centre (SBRC); Programme Convenor for BSc Biological Anthropology

Academic background

I have a BSc in archaeology from UCL (1999), and an MSc in human osteology and palaeopathology from Sheffield (2000). I did my PhD at Sheffield (2004) on human dental microwear during the hunter-gatherer to farming development in the prehistoric Levant, spending time at Tel Aviv University. After that I trained in dental histology at Arizona State University and the Institute of Human Origins (2005). I spent several years employed as a post-doc on AHRC and NSF funded projects conducting histological analyses of tooth enamel to investigate fossil primate life history and dental development in humans. I took my current position at Kent in 2008.

I am currently Programme Convenor for BSc Biological Anthropology.

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Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository

Miszkiewicz, J. and Mahoney, P. (2016). Ancient Human Bone Microstructure in Medieval England: Comparisons between Two Socio-Economic Groups. The Anatomical Record [Online] 299:42-59. Available at:
Mahoney, P. et al. (2016). Biorhythms, deciduous enamel thickness, and primary bone growth in modern human children: a test of the Havers-Halberg Oscillation hypothesis. Journal of Anatomy [Online] 228:919-928. Available at:
Mahoney, P. et al. (2016). Deciduous enamel 3D microwear texture analysis as an indicator of childhood diet in medieval Canterbury, England. Journal of Archaeological Science [Online] 66:128-136. Available at:
Parker Pearson, M. et al. (2016). Beaker people in Britain: migration, mobility and diet. Antiquity [Online] 90:620 -637. Available at:
Mahoney, P. (2015). Dental fast track: Prenatal enamel growth, incisor eruption, and weaning in human infants. American Journal of Physical Anthropology [Online] 156:407-421. Available at:
Mahoney, P. (2013). Testing functional and morphological interpretations of enamel thickness along the deciduous tooth row in human children. American Journal of Physical Anthropology [Online] 151:518-525. Available at:
Mahoney, P. (2012). Incremental Enamel Development in Modern Human Deciduous Anterior Teeth. American Journal of Physical Anthropology [Online] 147:637-351. Available at:
Mahoney, P. (2011). Human deciduous mandibular molar incremental enamel development. . American Journal of Physical Anthropology [Online] 144:204-214. Available at:
Mahoney, P. (2010). Two-dimensional patterns of human enamel thickness. Archives of Oral Biology [Online] 55:115-126. Available at:
Mahoney, P. (2008). Intraspecific variation in M1 enamel development in modern humans: implications for human evolution. Journal of Human Evolution [Online] 55:131-147. Available at:
Mahoney, P. et al. (2007). Molar crown formation in the Late Miocene Asian hominoids, Sivapithecus parvada and Sivapithecus indicus. Journal of Human Evolution [Online] 53:61-68. Available at:
Mahoney, P. (2007). Human Dental Microwear From Ohalo II (22,500–23,500 cal BP), Southern Levant. American Journal of Physical Anthropology [Online] 132:481-500. Available at:
Mahoney, P. (2006). Dental Microwear From Natufian Hunter-Gatherers and Early Neolithic Farmers: Comparisons Within and Between Samples. American Journal of Physical Anthropology [Online] 130:308-319. Available at:
Book section
Mahoney, P. and Miszkiewicz, J. (2015). Formation Times in Thermally Altered Enamel. in: The Analysis of Burned Human Remains (Second Edition). Oxford: Academic Press, Elsevier, pp. 355-363. Available at:
Mahoney, P. and Johns, S. (2013). Tooth enamel defects and infant stress. in: Parker-Pearson, M., Richards, M. and Chamberlain, A. eds. The Beaker People: isotopes, mobility and diet in prehistoric Britain. Oxford: Oxbow.
Research report (external)
Deter, C., Miszkiewicz, J. and Mahoney, P. (2011). Osteological analyses of cremated human remains KEMS-WEB-10. Kent Archaeological Projects.
Conference or workshop item
Miszkiewicz, J. and Mahoney, P. (2014). Histological variation in modern human robust and gracile femur. in: The 83rd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2014). Wiley, p. 187. Available at:
Miszkiewicz, J. and Mahoney, P. (2013). Paleohistopathology of a Harris line. in: The 82nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2013). Wiley, p. 200. Available at:
Miszkiewicz, J. and Mahoney, P. (2012). Bone microstructure and behaviour in “gracile” and “robust” adult males from the Medieval Period, Canterbury, UK. in: The 81st Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2012). Wiley, pp. 215-216. Available at: http://dx/
Miszkiewicz, J. and Mahoney, P. (2011). Linear enamel hypoplasia at medieval Canterbury, UK. . in: 80th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Wiley, p. 218. Available at:
Showing 20 of 23 total publications in KAR. [See all in KAR]


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I have interests in hominoid dental development, human growth and development, and bioarchaeology. My current funded projects are on human 'milk teeth': I study the mechanism that generates the enamel layer in children's teeth. I also contribute to ancient human dietary reconstructions.

  1. Childhood enamel development
    This project reconstructs the development of ‘milk teeth’ from enamel histology and will provide new dental growth charts. These can be used estimate juvenile age-at-death or to identify the timing of surface enamel defects. This project also provides a comparative basis for research into the evolution of this enamel type in hominoids.

    Funding: The Royal Society (research equipment)

  2. Childhood weaning and health
    I am working with the University of Indianapolis (Dr. Chris Schmidt) to determine if weaning impacted upon the health of medieval children from different social backgrounds.  We are combining 3D microscopic dental texture images from the surface of children’s milk teeth with microscopic evidence of health from enamel histology to gain a new understanding about Medieval life.

    Funding: British Academy / Leverhulme small research grant

  3. Ancient human diet
    I contribute to ancient human dietary reconstructions for Anglo Saxon England (Kent), and Bronze Age Britain (UCL).
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Teaching Interests: Human Osteology; Palaeopathology; Forensic Anthropology.

I am convenor of

  • SE569: Palaeopathology (convenor)
  • SE567: Methodology in Anthropological Science (convenor)

I teach classes/supervise on

  • SE533: Project in Anthropological Science
  • PS502: Forensic Archaeology
  • SE302: Foundations of Biological Anthropology
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Graduate Supervision (primary supervisor)


  • PhD. Ana Curto. 'The impact of diet and health on bone stable isotope ratios: A comparative study'
  • MSc by research. Rosie Pitfield. 'Ontogenetic and functional perspectives on modern human bone growth'


  • PhD. 2014. Justyna J. Miszkiewicz. 'Ancient Human Bone Histology and Behaviour'
  • MSc by research. 2011. Elizabeth Rowing. 'Stable isotope signatures of diet in Iron Age and Anglo Saxon Kent'
  • MSc by research. 2011. Katheraine Scane. 'Diet inferred from carbon and nitrogen istope ratios in Neotlihic and Bronze Age Kent' 
  • MSc by research. 2011. Claire Barrett. 'Masticatory mechanics and the production of dental microwear in Gorilla, Pan and Papio'

Graduate Supervision (co-supervisor)


  • MSc by research. 2009. Helen Bluck. 'The forgotten bones of Medieval Woodchurch: an osteological and palaeopathological assessment'
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  • Manager of the Human Osteology Lab, which is equipped for dental casting, sectioning hard tissue, thin section preparation, high resolution microscopy, image analysis, and collagen isolation for isotopic analysis.
  • Curator of the Biological Anthropology human skeletal collection.
  • Director of the University commercial osteology unit (KORA).
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Last Updated: 05/07/2016