Dr Patrick Mahoney
Senior Lecturer in Biological Anthropology
Developmental biology of hominoid dentition; bioarchaeology, especially prehistoric human diet; palaeopathology.
- - P.Mahoney@kent.ac.uk
- - 01227 (82)7927
School Roles and Responsibilities
Programme Convenor for BSc Biological Anthropology; Director of Skeletal Biology Research Centre (SBRC)
I have a BSc in archaeology from UCL (1999), and an MSc in human osteology and palaeopathology from Sheffield (2000). I did my PhD at Sheffield (2004) on human dental microwear during the hunter-gatherer to farming development in the prehistoric Levant, spending time at Tel Aviv University. After that I trained in dental histology at Arizona State University and the Institute of Human Origins (2005). I spent several years employed as a post-doc on AHRC and NSF funded projects conducting histological analyses of tooth enamel to investigate fossil primate life history and dental development in humans. I took my current position at Kent in 2008.
I am currently Programme Convenor for BSc Biological Anthropology.back to top
Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository
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I have interests in hominoid dental development, human growth and development, and bioarchaeology. My current funded projects are on human 'milk teeth': I study the mechanism that generates the enamel layer in children's teeth. I also contribute to ancient human dietary reconstructions.
- Childhood enamel development
This project reconstructs the development of ‘milk teeth’ from enamel histology and will provide new dental growth charts. These can be used estimate juvenile age-at-death or to identify the timing of surface enamel defects. This project also provides a comparative basis for research into the evolution of this enamel type in hominoids.
Funding: The Royal Society (research equipment)
- Childhood weaning and health
I am working with the University of Indianapolis (Dr. Chris Schmidt) to determine if weaning impacted upon the health of medieval children from different social backgrounds. We are combining 3D microscopic dental texture images from the surface of children’s milk teeth with microscopic evidence of health from enamel histology to gain a new understanding about Medieval life.
Funding: British Academy / Leverhulme small research grant
- Ancient human diet
I contribute to ancient human dietary reconstructions for Anglo Saxon England (Kent), and Bronze Age Britain (UCL).
Teaching Interests: Human Osteology; Palaeopathology; Forensic Anthropology.
I am convenor of
I teach classes/supervise on
- SE533: Project in Anthropological Science
- PS502: Forensic Archaeology
- SE302: Foundations of Biological Anthropology
Graduate Supervision (primary supervisor)
- PhD. Ana Curto. 'The impact of diet and health on bone stable isotope ratios: A comparative study'
- PhD. Rosie Pitfield. 'Microscopic markers of biorhythms in human juvenile hard tissue'
- MSc by Research. Simon Chapple. 'Enamel growth and biorhythms'
- MSc by Research. Alice Moden. 'Weaning and tooth enamel growth in modern humans: a combined histological and Scanning Electron Microscope approach'
- MSc by Research. Charlotte Sullivan. 'Enamel Growth in Preterm Human Children'
- PhD. 2014. Justyna J. Miszkiewicz. 'Ancient Human Bone Histology and Behaviour'
- MSc by Research. 2011. Elizabeth Rowing. 'Stable isotope signatures of diet in Iron Age and Anglo Saxon Kent'
- MSc by Research. 2011. Katheraine Scane. 'Diet inferred from carbon and nitrogen istope ratios in Neotlihic and Bronze Age Kent'
- MSc by Research. 2011. Claire Barrett. 'Masticatory mechanics and the production of dental microwear in Gorilla, Pan and Papio'
Graduate Supervision (co-supervisor)
- PhD. Christopher Aris. 'Enamel growth variation in modern history and its impact on ageing juvenile skeletal remains'
- MSc by Research. Hannah Seal. 'A histological investigation into Retzius periodicity and biorhythms between males and females in a modern human population'
- MSc by Research. 2009. Helen Bluck. 'The forgotten bones of Medieval Woodchurch: an osteological and palaeopathological assessment'
- Manager of the Human Osteology Lab, which is equipped for dental casting, sectioning hard tissue, thin section preparation, high resolution microscopy, image analysis, and collagen isolation for isotopic analysis.
- Curator of the Biological Anthropology human skeletal collection.
- Director of the University commercial osteology unit (KORA).