Embedded real time operating systems (rtos)
Operating Systems (OS) and Real-Time Operating Systems (RTOS). Embedded RTOS. Software development methods and tools: Run-time libraries. Writing a library. Porting kernels. Concurrent Programming and Concurrent Programming Constructs. Task Scheduling and Task Interaction. Basic Scheduling methods, scheduling algorithms. Tasks, threads and processes. Context switching. Multitasking. Communication, Synchronisation. Semaphores and critical sections. Example RTOS systems. (E.g. Embedded Linux, Windows CE, Micrium, VxWorks etc.). Programming and debugging Embedded Systems. Practical examples and case studies.
Embedded Processors; Hard and Soft Processor Macros (e.g. Altera Nios and Xilinx Microblaze, ARM). A brief overview of peripherals. Architectural Models. HW/SW Partitioning and partitioning algorithms. Distributed systems. Memory architectures, architectures for control-dominated systems. Architectures for data-dominated systems. Compilation techniques for embedded processor architectures. Modern embedded architectures. Architecture examples in multimedia, wireless and telecommunications. Examples of emerging architectures. Multiprocessor and multicore systems.
Total contact hours: 36
Private study hours: 114
Total study hours: 150
Method of assessment
• Amos, D, Lesea, A and Richter, R, 2011. FPGA-Based Prototyping Methodology Manual: Best Practices in Design-for-Prototyping. S.l.: Synopsys Press. ISBN 9781617300042
• Bailey, D. G., 2011. Design for Embedded Image Processing on FPGAs. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia). ISBN 9780470828496
• Berger, A, Embedded Systems Design: An Introduction to Processes, Tools, and Techniques. Berkeley, CA: CMP Books. ISBN 9781578200733
• Bertolotti, I. C and Manduchi, G, Real-Time Embedded Systems: Open-Source Operating Systems Perspective. London: CRC. ISBN 9781439841549
• Valvano, Jonathan W., [no date]. Embedded Systems: Introduction to the Arm® Cortex(TM)-M3: ISBN 9781477508992
See the library reading list for this module (Canterbury)
On successfully completing the module students will be able to:
Have a knowledge and understanding of:
1. Operating systems and their advantages to embedded systems design
2. RTOS Basic Principles
3. RTOS development tools and environments
4. Practical RTOS systems and applications
5. HW/SW Co-synthesis algorithms
6. System partitioning for HW/SW co-design
7. Special HW/SW architectures
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