The University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NZ, T +44 (0)1227 764000
Prof Douglas MacMillan
Professor of Conservation and Applied Resource Economics
International Liaison Officer
- - D.C.MacMillan@kent.ac.uk
- - 01227 (82)4902
I am a Professor of Conservation and Applied Resource Economics.
I seek to work with committed organisations and individuals to produce excellent, high impact original research. My research interests are, in broad terms, related to biodiversity and forestry economics. Currently, I am especially focused on economic valuation of ecosystem services, incentive systems for ecosystem conservation, human-wildlife conflict, and conservation/land use planning and policy.
I am passionate about learning and teaching. I enjoy teaching economics and explaining its relevance to conserving biodiversity and the planet! I teach on a wide range of modules in the School as part of our MSc programmes and I find it very rewarding to teach students from a wide variety of academic backgrounds and interests. I also travel overseas to deliver short courses in biodiversity economics which are specifically designed for students in those countries with no previous knowledge of economics.
I believe in inter-disciplinarity! The complex challenges biodiversity conservation demands an interdisciplinary approach and I very much enjoy working with academics from other disciplines.back to top
Di Minin, E., MacMillan, D.C., Goodman, P.S., Escott, B., Slotow, R., and Moilanen, A. 2013. Conservation Businesses and Conservation Planning in a Biological Diversity Hotspot. Conservation Biology 44: 4: 1-13
Di Minin, E., Fraser, I., Slotow, R., MacMillan, D. C. 2012. Understanding heterogeneous preference of tourists for big game species: implications for conservation and management. Animal Conservation (on line)
Inskip, C, Ridout M., Riley, S. Fahad, Z, Tully, R., Barlow, A, Greenwood-Barlow, C, Anwar Islam, M, Roberts, T, MacMillan, D.C. 2012. Human-Tiger conflict in context: risks to lives and livelihoods in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. Human Ecology (on line)
Torres, A.B., MacMillan, D.C., Skutsch, M. and Lovett, J.C. 2012. The valuation of forest carbon services by Mexican citizens: the case of Guadalajara city and La Primavera biosphere reserve. Regional Environmental Change: 1-20
MacMillan, D.C. and Han, J.H., 2011. Cetacean by-Catch in the Korean Peninsula—by Chance or by Design? Human Ecology 39: 757-768
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In 2012-2013 I am teaching:
- DI511 Biodiversity Dissertation
- DI512 Practical Research Project
- DI520 Conservation and Communities
- DI522 Research Project
- DI878 Social Science Perspectives on Conservation (2 weeks)
- DI888 Economics of Biodiversity Conservation
I also teach intensive short courses in Biodiversity Economics that have been specially designed for professionals and PGT students overseas institutions.back to top
My research interests focus on understanding the economics of biodiversity conservation and land use decision-making. I am especially excited by the notion that biodiversity conservation will be able to pay for itself through the creation of new markets and/or complimentary livelihood strategies.
My own expertise lies in valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity, human-wildlife conflict studies, spatial conservation planning, illegal wildlife trade, and land reform. I have published over 100 articles including more than 60 refereed journal papers. My research has been cited in more than 1500 other publications and my current H Index is 23 (Google Scholar).
As an economist, I am especially focused on quantitative analysis and have expertise in a range of techniques including cost-benefit analysis, contingent valuation, choice experiments, linear programming and multi-variate statistics. However, in some situations, such as poaching and illegal logging reliable economic data is difficult to obtain hence I also deploy more qualitative approaches to enrich our understanding of these clandestine economic processes.
Current Research Projects
Socio-ecological landscapes for biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation. Funded by DEFRA Darwin Initiative in collaboration with Applied Environmental Research Foundation and Pukka Herbs UK.
Market Based Scheme for Conservation in La Primavera Forest, Mexico funded by the Darwin Initiative in collaboration with University of Twente, Netherlands.
The Kinabatangan Corridor Research Project: Designing living landscapes for conservation in Sabah, Borneo. Funded by US Fish and Wildlife Service via Durrell Trust.
Successful as Principal Investigator (unless otherwise stated)
- 2012-2014 Ecologies and Identities: a socio-legal exploration of the Marine Protected Areas network in English seas. P.I. Dr Margherita Pieraccini, University of Bristol ESRC Research Grant (£125 000) Successful
- 2011 Development of Financing and Incentives Options for Sustainable Management of Peatland Forests in Southeast Asia. Global Environment Forum/ASEAN (£8000) - Successful
- 2010-2013 Market Based Scheme for Conservation in La Primavera Forest Mexico. Darwin Project (PI J Lovett, DEFRA/DFiD £280,000) – Successful.
- 2009 Preserving biodiversity at a landscape scale in the North Western Ghats of India. Darwin Scoping Award (£3000)
- 2009-2012 Can Hunting and Conservation of Endemic Annamite Ungulates be Reconciled? P.I. Nigel Leader Williams, University of Cambridge, Darwin Project (DEFRA/DFiD £294,000) - Successful
- 2009-2012 Balanced Seas – an integrated approach to identifying Marine protected zones in south –east England. Natural England (£850 000) - Successful
- 2006 Biodiversity Conservation at the Third pole. Darwin Scoping Award (£3000) – Successful
- 2005-2009 The role of collaborative land management in developing a sustainable rural economy: ESRC/NERC (in collaboration with CEH, MLURI, Forest Research, & Univ. of York) £700K. - Successful
- 2004-2008 Preferences and values for Historic Landscapes. ESRC CASE Studentship with National Trust for Scotland £60K Successful
- 2003 The social and environmental benefits of forests in GB. For UK Forestry Commission in collaboration with University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, University of East Anglia, University of Glasgow £90K Successful
- 2003 Economics of recycling paper and its effects on forest management SCOTECON £5K Successful
- 2002 New approaches to Environmental Valuation (with Prof Nick Hanley, University of Stirling) ESRC Award £43K Successful
- 2002 Tradeable Hunting Permit system to control the deer population. SCOTECON £5K Successful
- 2002 Public perceptions of and attitudes toward the control of wild animal species in Scotland. SCOTECON Successful
- 2002 Economic impact of deer management in Scotland. For Deer Commission £45K Successful
- 2001 Valuing ecosystem recovery from air pollution. For DEFRA in collaboration with University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and University of Glasgow £32K Successful
- 2000 Sporting estates and recreational land use in the Scottish Highlands and Islands. ESRC Award (in collaboration with University of Edinburgh). £40K Successful
- 2000 The economic value of wild geese. Scottish Executive Rural Affairs Department in collaboration with University of Edinburgh £100K Successful
- 1998 Economic impact of Environmentally Sensitive Areas in Scotland. For Scottish Executive Rural Affairs Department in collaboration with MLURI £100K Successful
- 1998 Optimal timber management for capercaillie. For Scottish Forestry Trust £45K Successful
- 1998 Orbost Land Study. Report to Highlands and Islands Enterprise and Skye and Lochalsh Enterprise. £18K Successful
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Current PhD students:
- Valeria Boron - Conservation of Medium-Large Mammals across Agroecosystems in the Neotropics (in association with Panthera)
- Abishek Harihar - landscape planning for tigers in North-West India (in association with the Wildlife Institute of India).
- Dan Challender - Conservation of pangolins in South-East Asia (in association with TRAFFIC). Funded by ESRC - NERC.
- Diogo Verrisimo - Design and implementation of flagship species and programmes.
- Nicky Abram - Landscape planning for biodiversity conservation in the Kinabatangan catchment area in Sabah, Borneo.
- Rajeev Raghavan - Using choice experiments to identify willingness to pay for endangered and illegally traded wild fish populations in south-western Ghats, India.
- Rehema Shoo - Using Choice Experiments to value alternative management options for Lake Natron National Park in Tanzania. Funded by Commonwealth Scholarship.
- Samia Saif - Tiger poaching in the Sunderbans (in association with the Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh).
- Niki Rust - Economic Incentives for non-lethal management of human carnivore conflict. (In association with the Cheetah Conservation Fund). Funded by ESRC.
- Sarah Tetley - Sourcing Sustainable Fishing in the UK (joint supervision with the University of Kent Business School).
Previous DICE PhD Students
- Chloe Inskip - Human-tiger conflict in Sunderbans (in association with Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh). Funded by ESRC - NERC.
- Enrico de Minin - Conservation planning in the Maputaland-Pondland-Albany Biodiversity Hotspot (in association with the Ezemvelo KwaZulu Natal Wildlife Department).
- C. Preide - 2003-2008. Local perceptions of historical landscapes in the Scottish Highlands (in association with National Trust for Scotland). Funded by ESRC.
I have had the privilege of participating in various capacities and roles as advisor to national and regional government, NGOs and to Research Councils such as the ESRC.
Recent highlights include being invited to review the Swedish Government's Biodiversity Research programme together with other academics from around the world and being invited to give a plenary address to the Education Panel of the Guiyang Environmental Forum.
This year I have been invited to sit on the Academic Programme Committee for several major international conferences including Nottingham in September 2011 on Deer and People: Past, Present and Future, TEEB 2012 and the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists in Rome, July 2011.
I am a regular reviewer for a variety of journals in my field including Ecological Economics, Environmental and Resource Economics, Human Ecology and Forestry.
I carried out consultancy assignments around the word for the past 15 years, primarily in south-east Asia but also the UK and Africa. Clients include the Asian Development Bank, UK and Scottish Governments, and DANIDA.
I enjoy the diversity of projects that consultancy exposes me too and the challenge of meeting client expectations under a tight schedule!
I have worked in many countries including Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, China, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and Scotland.
2006 Financial and economic appraisal of pro- poor forestry investment in China (For Landell-Mills funded by ADB)
2006 Analysis of financial and accounting systems of APSARA, Angkor World Heritage Site (For Fraser Thomas funded by New Zealand Aid and APSARA, Cambodia)
2006 Economic and financial appraisal of water supply and sanitation projects in Sri Lanka (For Fraser Thomas funded by New Zealand Aid and National Water Supply and Drainage Board, Sri Lanka)
2006 Economic appraisal of forestry investment in the UK. For The Scottish Forestry Trust, Edinburgh.
2004 Total Economic Value Model of Tree Planting in Indo China £20K. For DANIDA.
2004 Environmental Accounts for Agriculture. For DEFRA £2K
2004 Economic Impact of Community Woodland Initiatives SCVO £1.5K
2003 Comparing actual and hypothetical WTP data. SEERAD £5K
2002 Economic analysis of waste management strategies in Sri Lanka. For Fraser Thomas.
2001 Economic analysis of forestry tourism. Consultant for MLURI
2000 The Rationale for community land ownership. Highlands and Islands Enterprise
2000 Valuation of rural amenities. For OECD
1999 The economic impact of a ban on fox-hunting with dogs in Scotland. For International Fund for Animal Welfare
1998 Angkor Forest Rehabilitation and Landscape Project, Cambodia. For New Zealand Government
1998 Valuation of the environmental benefits of the Matang mangroves, Malaysia. For UNDP.
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