Dr Tina Haux
Before joining SSPSSR in 2014, Dr Haux was a lecturer at the University of Lincoln and a researcher at Queen’s University Belfast and Essex, where she worked on a range of comparative projects. Her PhD, from the University of Bath, focused on lone parents and welfare-to-work policies.
Dr Haux’s first employment was as a researcher in government working on tax credits. She then moved into the voluntary sector, where she worked on childcare and child contact policy for OneParentFamilies (now Gingerbread). Linking research to policy-making and –makers has remained one of the key aims of her work as an academic.
Dr Haux’s interests include lone parents, welfare-to-work policies, rights, needs and obligations of families/ family members, poverty, inequality and social justice, parenting, child contact post separation, and research influence and impact.
Dr Haux is currently working, with colleagues from the LSE and IoE, on the Nuffield Foundation funded project ‘Parenting and contact before and after separation’. The project examines the links between parental involvement prior to separation and contact patterns post-separation. Given the high levels of contact failure in the UK, gaining a better understanding of the links and (dis-)continuities between parenting in a relationship and contact thereafter, is equally important to parents, policy-makers and practitioners.
Dr Haux is also currently working on a book for Policy Press entitled ‘The 2nd generation of Social Policy Scholars’. It is based on interviews with the social policy academics who were the architects for the establishment of social policy as an academic subject, and who have either recently retired or are about to do so. With the current focus on impact, it seemed timely to speak to these scholars about their life and work.
At undergraduate level, Dr Haux teaches modules on social policy and social control, the future of the welfare state and qualitative research.
At postgraduate level, she teaches modules on family, parenting culture and parenting policy and key issues in comparative social policy.
She is currently supervising the following PhD students:
- Gianna Eick (2017 - ) ‘Interactions between Attitudes towards Immigrants and Diversity Policies at European Universities - A Cross-National Survey’
- Eva Sigurdardottir (2016 - ) ‘The effect of participation in extracurricular activities on school belonging amongst school children of backgrounds other than Icelandic’
- Charmaine Keatley (2015 -) - 'Impact of father's involvement in childcare on women's career
Research panel membership
- Member of the ESRC Grant Award Panel D (GAP D – Secondary Data Analysis Initiative) (2016- )
- ESRC Peer Review College (2016- )
- Member of the ESRC Secondary Data Analysis Initiative (SDAI) (2015-16)
- Kent Peer Review College at the University of Kent (2016- )
- Ethics panel of the School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research (2014-2017)
Professional Affiliations/ Editorial Work
- Editorial Board member for the Journal of Social Policy (2015-2017)
- Editorial Board member for Social Policy & Society (2011-2014)
- Co-editor of The Student’s Companion of Social Policy, 5th edition
- Honorary Secretary of the Social Policy Association (2011-2017)
Dr Haux regularly reviews papers for a range of journals such as the Journal of European Social Policy, the Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy and Social Policy & Administration.
• Think Kent lecture video on lone parents and welfare to work (YouTube)
Haux, T. (2018). Conceptualising academic work and worth – an alternative framework. [Online]. Available at: http://csp.sagepub.com/.
Haux, T., McKay, S. and Cain, R. (2017). Shared Care After Separation in the United Kingdom: Limited Data, Limited Practice? Family Court Review [Online] 55:572-585. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/fcre.12305.Despite legislative reform in the last five years aimed at giving non-resident parents (NRPs) official rights to ‘involvement’ in the lives of their children, the UK has not enacted a presumption of ‘50/50’ shared care. The emphasis on individual arrangements follows an overall policy trend toward privatization of family disputes. The little data that exists suggests that the UK lags behind other countries in numbers of separated or divorced couples engaging in shared care, though the actual prevalence and practice of shared care in the UK is difficult to assess for several reasons: definitions of shared care range from 50/50 living arrangements to less definitive timeshares; data on shared parenting practices are relatively rare and fragmented; and it is too early to assess the impact of the new legislative presumption of ‘parental involvement’ on judicial decisions. This article outlines recent legislative changes, examines the available information on post separation contact and shared care, discusses reasons for the scarcity of data, and concludes with observations on the importance of improved data-gathering on UK post separation parenting.
Haux, T. (2014). Making the link between parenting and contact. Family Law [Online]. Available at: http://www.jordanpublishingmedia.co.uk/practice-areas/family/news_and_comment/being-a-parent-before-and-after-a-split#.WDqxOmBXWxA.
Haux, T. (2013). Lone parents and activation - towards a typology of approaches. Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy [Online] 29:122-133. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21699763.2013.818566.There has been an international trend towards activating lone parents, with the United Kingdom being the most recent example. It has been argued that the most common criterion for deciding which lone parents should have to be available for work is the age of the youngest child. However, by examining the activation policies in the OECD countries more closely, a number of criteria used in conjunction with age of the child have been identified, such as the availability of childcare and the employability of lone parents. It is therefore argued that a typology can be developed consisting of three main approaches: general activation, age of child and no activation, with three sub-categories for the age of child approach. The different (sub-)categories will be illustrated using country case studies as examples.
Haux, T. (2013). Understanding employment barriers for lone parents in Great Britain: research gaps and missed opportunities. Social Policy and Administration [Online] 47:468-482. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/spol.12030.A key feature of the previous Labour government in Britain was the large increase in government-sponsored research as part of its wider commitment to evidence-based policy-making. This article focuses on one area of government-sponsored research as a case study to examine the relationship between research evidence, policy ideas and programme evaluation. The case study chosen for this article is research on lone parents not in work commissioned by the Department for Work and Pensions between 1997 and 2010. Following a brief review of the research, the main shortcomings in our understanding of the employment barriers for lone parents as well as the reasons for these shortcomings are identified and discussed. The reasons explaining the lack of progress are related to both the content of the research as well as the institutional set-up of research commissioning in government. The article concludes by drawing lessons from this case study to improve the quality and potential usefulness of research for policy-making in the short and medium term.
Haux, T. et al. (2012). A longitudinal qualitative study of the journeys of single parents on Jobseeker's Allowance. Journal of Poverty and Social Justice [Online] 20:337-341. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1332/175982712X657172.
Haux, T. (2011). Activating Lone Parents: An Evidence-Based Appraisal of the Welfare-to-Work Reform in Britain. Social Policy and Society [Online] 11:1-14. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1474746411000364.The 2008 welfare reform introduced by the previous Labour government requires (most) lone parents with older children to be available for work. This article examines the potential effect of this reform on the employment rate of lone parents and whether the age of the youngest child is a good indicator of ‘ability to work’. It suggests that reform will not lead to the desired increase as the target group is too small and the levels of multiple disadvantages within the group too high. ‘Ability to work’ needs to be conceptualised more broadly if it is to mean ‘ability to get a job’.
Haux, T. (2019). Dimensions of Impact in the Social Sciences. Policy Press.The aim of this book is to compare and contextualise the dimensions of impact within the social sciences. The contribution of this book then is threefold: Unlike most other studies of the 2014REF impact case studies, this book includes case studies from three different sub-panels, which in themselves capture several disciplines, and therefore allows for a comparison of how impact and academic identify are defined and presented. Therefore, it allows for an in-depth comparison across three key social sciences disciplines. Secondly, the impact case studies are placed in an analytical framework that takes identifies different types of impact and impact pathways and places them in the context of academic identities and difference policy models. Finally, it provides a comparison across time based on interviews with Social Policy professors who are looking back over 40 years of being involved as well as analysing the relationship between research and policy-making. This long view allows to place the achievements as well as the serendipitous and superficial nature of impact into the context of different governments and stages of welfare state development.
Platt, L. and Haux, T. (2019). The impact of separation on parenting confidence. in: Kreyenfeld, M. and Trappe, H. eds. Families, Relationships and Societies“ on the topic of “Parental Life Courses after Separation and Divorce in Europe. Springer.In the context of high rates of parental separation and divorce, an extensive literature has explored the impact of separation on both children’s and parents’ outcomes. However, while the economic and mental health consequences for mothers, and the diminution of these effects over time since separation, are well-attested, we know much less about how separation does or does not impact mothers’ sense of their own efficacy as parents. In this paper, we investigate whether mothers display lower confidence in their parenting following separation, and if so, whether it recovers over time. This is the first large scale study in the UK to address this question; and it adds to international research by including both cohabiting and married mothers and by focusing on parenting confidence rather than mental health more generally. Drawing on the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), a large, nationally representative cohort study of children born in the UK in 2000-2001, we analyse the experience of 12,000 mothers who were in intact relationships when their child was aged around 9 months. We track these mothers until their child is aged around seven years old, and observe which of them separate over this period. We first confirm that the perceived parenting competence of mothers who subsequently go on to separate does not differ from that of mothers who remain in intact relationships. We then show that those mothers who separate by the time their child is aged experience a reduction in parenting confidence at separation, and that, even though confidence increases across the board as children get older, the gap persists: separated mother confidence remains lower than that of mothers in couples over our observation window. We discuss these findings in the context of theories of agency and the stigmatisation of lone mothers in society.
Smith, K. and Haux, T. (2017). Evidence-Based-Policy-Making. in: Greve, B. ed. Handbook of Social Policy Evaluation. Edward Elgar, pp. 141-160.
Haux, T. (2016). Family Policy. in: Alcock, P. et al. eds. The Student's Companion to Social Policy. Wiley Blackwell. Available at: http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1118965973.html.
Haux, T. (2012). Family Policy. in: Alcock, P., May, M. and Wright, S. eds. The Student's Companion to Social Policy. Wiley Blackwell. Available at: http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470655658.html.
Haux, T. (2011). Lone parents and the Conservatives: Anything new? in: Holden, C., Kilkey, M. and Ramia, G. eds. Social Policy Review 23. Social Policy Association. Available at: https://policypress.co.uk/resources/kara-creative/social-policy-review-23.
Alcock, P. et al. eds. (2016). The Student’s Companion to Social Policy. [Online]. Wiley Blackwell. Available at: http://bcs.wiley.com/he-bcs/Books?action=index&bcsId=10339&itemId=1118965973.
Haux, T., Platt, L. and Rosenberg, R. (2015). Parenting and post-separation contact: what are the links?. CASE Working Paper series. Available at: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/casepaper189.pdf.
Platt, L., Haux, T. and Rosenberg, R. (2015). Mothers, parenting and the impact of separation. Case working paper series. Available at: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/casepaper190.pdf.
Foster, L. et al. (2015). In Defence of Welfare II. Social Policy Association and Policy Press. Available at: http://www.social-policy.org.uk/what-we-do/publications/in-defence-of-welfare-2/.
Haux, T. et al. (2012). A longitudinal qualitative study of the journey of single parents on Jobseeker's Allowance. University of the West of England and Single Parent Action Network. Available at: https://issuu.com/spanbristol/docs/span__jsa_report_web.
Yeates, N. et al. (2011). In Defence of Welfare: the impacts of the spending review. Social Policy Association. Available at: http://www.social-policy.org.uk/downloads/idow.pdf.
Haux, T. and Platt, L. (2019). Paternal involvement before and after separation. Demography (R&R).High rates of parental separation and extensive loss of contact of non-resident fathers with their children have led to increasing academic and policy concern with separated fathers’ involvement in their children’s lives. Underlying such concern is the assumption that separation represents a discontinuity in fathers’ active parenting. Yet there is little evidence whether this is the case. This paper draws on a nationally representative UK longitudinal study of children born in 2000-2001, and, using a prospective analysis, interrogates the links between fathers’ involvement measured before separation and contact after separation. It examines a sample of 2,235 fathers of young children who separated from the child’s mother before the child was age 11. We examined those in both married and cohabiting relationships. We show that fathers who were more involved parents prior to separation were more likely to have any contact and to have more frequent contact after separation, even conditioning on other paternal and family characteristics associated with contact. Even among more involved fathers, however, contact reduced over time. We show that there were few differences between previously married and cohabiting fathers, but the existence of pre-separation contact had a strong link for married fathers on the maintenance of contact.
Haux, T. et al. (2017). Parenting in new and uncertain times: Analytical framework for capturing the changes to parenting in European countries. Families, Relationships and Societies [Online]. Available at: https://policypress.co.uk/journals/families-relationships-and-societies.