School of Psychology

World-leading research and teaching

Dr Anna Brown

Dr Anna Brown

Senior Lecturer in Psychological Methods and Statistics

Selected publications

Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository

Brown, A., Page, T., Daley, S., Farina, N., Bassett, T., Livingston, G., Budgett, J., Gallaher, L., Feeney, I., Murray, J., Bowling, A., Knapp, M., & Banerjee, S. (2019). Measuring the quality of life of family carers of people with dementia: Development and validation of C-DEMQOL. Quality of Life Research. doi:10.1007/s11136-019-02186-w
Budgett, J., Brown, A., Daley, S., Page, T., Banerjee, S., Livingston, G., & Sommerlad, A. (2019). The social functioning in dementia scale (SF-DEM): Exploratory factor analysis and psychometric properties in mild, moderate and severe dementia. Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring, 11, 45-52. doi:10.1016/j.dadm.2018.11.001
Daley, S., Murray, J., Farina, N., Page, T., Brown, A., Bassett, T., Livingston, G., Bowling, A., Knapp, M., & Banerjee, S. (2018). Understanding the quality of life of family carers of people with dementia: Development of a new conceptual framework. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 1-8. doi:10.1002/gps.4990
Brown, A., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2018). Ordinal Factor Analysis of Graded-Preference Questionnaire Data. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 25, 516-529. doi:10.1080/10705511.2017.1392247
Guenole, N., Brown, A., & Cooper, A. (2018). Forced Choice Assessment of Work Related Maladaptive Personality Traits: Preliminary Evidence from an Application of Thurstonian Item Response Modeling. Assessment, 25, 513-526. doi:10.1177/1073191116641181
Wetzel, E., Brown, A., Hill, P., Chung, J., Robins, R., & Roberts, B. (2017). The narcissism epidemic is dead; long live the narcissism epidemic. Psychological Science, 28, 1833-1847. doi:10.1177/0956797617724208
Farina, N., Page, T., Daley, S., Brown, A., Bowling, A., Bassett, T., Livingston, G., Knapp, M., Murray, J., & Banerjee, S. (2017). Factors associated with the quality of life of family carers of people with dementia: A systematic review. Alzheimers & Dementia, 13, 572-581. doi:10.1016/j.jalz.2016.12.010
Page, T., Farina, N., Brown, A., Daley, S., Bowling, A., Bassett, T., Livingston, G., Knapp, M., Murray, J., & Banerjee, S. (2017). Instruments Measuring the Disease-Specific Quality of Life of Family Carers of People with Neurodegenerative Diseases: A Systematic Review. BMJ Open, 7. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013611
Brown, A. (2016). Item Response Models for Forced-Choice Questionnaires: A Common Framework. Psychometrika, 81, 135-160. doi:10.1007/s11336-014-9434-9
Chua, K., Brown, A., Little, R., Matthews, D., Morton, L., Loftus, V., Watchurst, C., Tait, R., Romeo, R., & Banerjee, S. (2016). Quality-of-life assessment in dementia: the use of DEMQOL and DEMQOL-Proxy total scores. Quality of Life Research, 25, 3107-3118. doi:doi:10.1007/s11136-016-1343-1
Brown, A., Inceoglu, I., & Lin, Y. (2016). Preventing Rater Biases in 360-Degree Feedback by Forcing Choice. Organizational Research Methods, 20, 121-148. doi:10.1177/1094428116668036
Velikonja, T., Edbrooke-Childs, J., Calderon, A., Sleed, M., Brown, A., & Deighton, J. (2016). The psychometric properties of the Ages & Stages Questionnaires for use as population outcome indicators at 2.5 years in England: A systematic review. Child: Care, Health and Development, 43, 1-17. doi:10.1111/cch.12397
Lin, Y., & Brown, A. (2016). Influence of Context on Item Parameters in Forced-Choice Personality Assessments. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 77, 389-414. doi:10.1177/0013164416646162
Brown, A. (2016). Thurstonian Scaling of Compositional Questionnaire Data. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 51, 345-356. doi:10.1080/00273171.2016.1150152
Megreya, A., Bindemann, M., & Brown, A. (2015). Criminal thinking in a Middle Eastern prison sample of thieves, drug dealers and murderers. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 20, 324-342. doi:10.1111/lcrp.12029
van Damm, N., Brown, A., Mole, T., Davis, J., Britton, W., & Brewer, J. (2015). Development and Validation of the Behavioral Tendencies Questionnaire. PLoS ONE, 10, 1-21. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140867
Wetzel, E., Roberts, B., Fraley, C., & Brown, A. (2015). Equivalence of Narcissistic Personality Inventory constructs and correlates across scoring approaches and response formats. Journal of Research in Personality, 61, 87-98. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2015.12.002
Guenole, N., & Brown, A. (2014). The consequences of ignoring measurement invariance for path coefficients in structural equation models. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1-16. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00980
Stoeber, J., Kobori, O., & Brown, A. (2014). Perfectionism cognitions are multidimensional: A reply to Flett and Hewitt (2014). Assessment, 21, 666-668. doi:10.1177/1073191114550676
Stoeber, J., Kobori, O., & Brown, A. (2014). Examining mutual suppression effects in the assessment of perfectionism cognitions: Evidence supporting multidimensional assessment. Assessment, 21, 647-660. doi:10.1177/1073191114534884
Brodbeck, J., Bachmann, M., Brown, A., & Znoj, H. (2014). Effects of depressive symptoms on antecedents of lapses during a smoking cessation attempt: An ecological momentary assessment study. Addiction, 109, 1363-1370. doi:10.1111/add.12563
Hill, A., Stoeber, J., Brown, A., & Appleton, P. (2014). Team perfectionism and team performance: A prospective study. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 36, 303-315. doi:10.1123/jsep.2013-0206
Brown, A., Ford, T., Deighton, J., & Wolpert, M. (2014). Satisfaction in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services: Translating Users’ Feedback into Measurement. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 41, 434-446. doi:10.1007/s10488-012-0433-9
Deighton, J., Tymms, P., Vostanis, P., Belsky, J., Fonagy, P., Brown, A., Martin, A., Patalay, P., & Wolpert, M. (2013). The Development of a School-Based Measure of Child Mental Health. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 31, 247-257. doi:10.1177/0734282912465570
Brown, A., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2013). How IRT can solve problems of ipsative data in forced-choice questionnaires. Psychological Methods, 18, 36-52. doi:10.1037/a0030641
Brodbeck, J., Bachmann, M., Croudace, T., & Brown, A. (2013). Comparing Growth Trajectories of Risk Behaviors From Late Adolescence Through Young Adulthood: An Accelerated Design. Developmental Psychology, 49, 1732-1738. doi:10.1037/a0030873
Brown, A., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2012). Fitting a Thurstonian IRT model to forced-choice data using Mplus. Behavior Research Methods, 44, 1135-1147. doi:10.3758/s13428-012-0217-x
Brown, A., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2011). Item Response Modeling of Forced-Choice Questionnaires. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 71, 460-502. doi:10.1177/0013164410375112
Lievens, F., Sanchez, J., Bartram, D., & Brown, A. (2010). Lack of consensus among competency ratings of the same occupation: Noise or substance?. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 562-571. doi:10.1037/a0018035
Bywater, J., & Brown, A. (2010). Shorter Personality Questionnaires—A User’s Guide Part 2. Assessment and Development Matters, 2, 10.
Bywater, J., & Brown, A. (2010). Shorter Personality Questionnaires—A User’s Guide Part 1. Assessment and Development Matters, 2, 15.
Brown, A. (2010). Doing less but getting more: Improving forced-choice measures with Item Response Theory. Assessment and Development Matters, 2, 21-25. Retrieved from
Bartram, D., Warr, P., & Brown, A. (2010). Let’s Focus on Two-Stage Alignment Not Just on Overall Performance. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 3, 335-339. doi:10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01247.x
Brown, A., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2010). Issues That Should Not Be Overlooked in the Dominance Versus Ideal Point Controversy. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 3, 489-493. doi:10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01277.x
Maydeu-Olivares, A., & Brown, A. (2010). Item Response Modeling of Paired Comparison and Ranking Data. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 45, 935-974. doi:10.1080/00273171.2010.531231
Warr, P., Bartram, D., & Brown, A. (2005). Big Five validity: Aggregation method matters. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 78, 377-386. doi:10.1348/096317905X53868
Bartram, D., & Brown, A. (2004). Online Testing: Mode of Administration and the Stability of OPQ 32i Scores. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 12, 278-284. doi:10.1111/j.0965-075X.2004.282_1.x
Book section
Brown, A., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2018). Modeling forced-choice response formats. In P. Irwing, T. Booth, & D. Hughes (Eds.), The Wiley Handbook of Psychometric Testing (pp. 523-570). London: Wiley-Blackwell.
Brown, A. (2018). Item Response Theory approaches to test scoring and evaluating the score accuracy. In P. Irwing, T. Booth, & D. Hughes (Eds.), The Wiley Handbook of Psychometric Testing (pp. 607-638). London: Wiley-Blackwell.
Wetzel, E., Böhnke, J., & Brown, A. (2016). Response biases. In F. T. Leong & D. Iliescu (Eds.), The ITC International Handbook of Testing and Assessment (pp. 349-363). New York: Oxford University Press.
Brown, A., & Croudace, T. (2015). Scoring and estimating score precision using multidimensional IRT. In S. P. Reise & D. A. Revicki (Eds.), Handbook of Item Response Theory Modeling: Applications to Typical Performance Assessment (pp. 307-333). New York: Taylor & Francis (Routledge). Retrieved from
Brown, A. (2015). Personality Assessment, Forced-Choice. In J. Wright (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences, 2nd Edition. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.25084-8
Brown, A., & Bartram, D. (2011). OPQ32r Technical Manual. SHL Group Ltd., Thames Ditton, Surrey.
Brown, A., & Bartram, D. (2009). The Occupational Personality Questionnaire Revolution: Applying Item Response Theory to questionnaire design and scoring. SHL Group, Thames Ditton, Surrey.
Bartram, D., Brown, A., Fleck, S., Inceoglu, I., & Ward, K. (2006). OPQ32 Technical Manual. SHL Group Ltd., Thames Ditton, Surrey.
Conference or workshop item
Brown, A. (2016). Response distortions in self-reported and other-reported measures: Is there light at the end of the tunnel?. In 10th conference of the International Test Commission (ITC). Vancouver, Canada.
Seager, E., Abbot-Smith, K., & Brown, A. (2014). Concurrent validity for 2-year olds of three nursery-worker completed language screening measures with a direct measure of receptive language. In British Psychological Society, Developmental Psychology Section Annual Conference,. Amsterdam. Retrieved from
Brown, A., & Bartram, D. (2009). Doing less but getting more: Improving forced-choice measures with IRT. In Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology annual conference. New Orleans.
Crispim, A. (2017). Exploring the validity evidence of core affect.
Brown, A., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2011). Forced-choice Five Factor markers. doi:10.1037/t05430-000
Brown, A., & Fong, S. (2019). How valid are 11-plus tests? Evidence from Kent. British Educational Research Journal. doi:10.1002/berj.3560
Showing 51 of 52 total publications in KAR. [See all in KAR]



School of Psychology - Keynes College, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NP

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Last Updated: 26/09/2018