Jaimee Mallion is a Postgraduate Researcher in the School of Psychology.
Street gang members in prison: Application of Good Lives Model and associated internal capacity obstacles.
Jaimee's research focuses on street gang members in prison. In particular, she is examining how socio-cognitive abilities and personality traits differ between street-gang and non-gang offenders.
She is particularly interested in the role of emotion regulation, emotion recognition, empathy, alexithymia, Theory of Mind and social problem solving skills. Jamiee is also focusing on applying the Good Lives Model to explain street gang membership. This model suggests all individual's have life priorities, and when these cannot be achieved pro-socially, they instead pursue these through offending behaviours. This model has not been applied to gang membership previously.
SP627 Forensic Psychology (Medway)
Other Academic Activities
- Research Assistant to Professor Theresa Gannon (2013-Present)
- Research Assistant to Dr Jane Wood (2016-Present)
- Research Assistant to Dr Helen Miles (2015-2017)
- Research Assistant to Dr Nichola Tyler (2013-2017)
- Research Internship: Kent and Medway Partnership Trust, Ashford, Kent (2015)
Economic and Social Research Council (1+3)
- Mallion, J. S., & Wood, J. L. (2018). 'Am I Angry', Influence of Emotions on Gang Membership: A Review. Manuscript submitted for publication.
- Brooke, J., & Mallion, J. S. (2016). Implementation of evidence-based practice by nurses working in community settings and their strategies to mentor student nurses to develop evidence-based practice: A qualitative study. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 22(4), 339–347. doi:10.1111/ijn.12470
- Mallion, J. S., & Brooke, J. (2016). Community- and hospital- based nurses' implementation of evidence-based Practice: Are there any differences? British Journal of Community Nursing, 21(3), 148–154. doi:10.12968/bjcn.2016.21.3.148
- Mallion, J. S. (2017). Emotional dispositions of gang members: Comparison between street gang and non-gang prisoners. Presentation at Crimes and Minds Conference, University of West London, UK.
- Mallion, J. S. (2017). 'Good, the Bad and the Ugly' of Gang Membership: A Good Lives Model Approach. Presentation at Excursions Journal 'Networks' Symposium, University of Sussex, UK.
- Brooke, J., & Mallion, J. S. (2016). Mentor's attitudes, beliefs and implementation of evidence based practice when mentoring student nurses in the community: A qualitative study. Presentation at Royal College of Nursing Education Forum, International Conference and Exhibition, Telford, UK.
- Mallion, J. S., & Brooke, J. (2015). Community- and hospital- based nurses' implementation of evidence-based Practice: Are there any differences? Presentation at NHS Research and Development Conference, Ashford, UK.
- Mallion, J. S. (2017). Emotional Experience of Street Gang Members in Prison. Poster Presentation at Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Gang Conference, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK.
- Mallion, J. S., Tyler, N., & Miles, H. (2016). Evidence Based Practice in the Delivery of Offending Behaviour Groups in UK Forensic Mental Health Services. Poster Presentation at Kent-wide Research Day 2017, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK.
- Mallion, J. S., Tyler, N., & Miles, H. (2016). Evidence Based Practice in the Delivery of Offending Behaviour Groups in UK Forensic Mental Health Services. Poster Presentation at Forensic Mental Health Research Centre, Tarentfort Centre, Dartford, Kent, UK.
- Mallion, J. S., Tyler, N., & Miles, H. (2016). Evidence Based Practice in the Delivery of Offending Behaviour Groups in UK Forensic Mental Health Services. Poster Presentation at 13th National Conference, Research in Forensic Mental Health Services, Institute of Psychiatry Psychology & Neuroscience, London, UK.
Grants and Awards
Wood, J., & Mallion, J. (2020). Good Lives Model and street gang membership: A review and application. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 52. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2020.101393
With attention rapidly growing on the Good Lives Model (GLM) as a rehabilitation framework for offending behavior, this paper is the first to review the literature surrounding the GLM and examine its theoretical application to street gang membership and intervention during adolescence. Each of the general, etiological and treatment assumptions of the GLM are reviewed and discussed in relation to the street gang literature. Using a twin focus, the GLM aims to both reduce risk and promote achievement of overarching primary goods by improving internal (e.g., skills and values) and external capacities (e.g., opportunities, resources and support); enabling the development of a prosocial, fulfilling and meaningful life. Street gang members are notoriously difficult to engage in intervention, with slow levels of trust towards therapists. With the use of approach goals, rather than the typically-used avoidance goals, this enables street gang members to perceive themselves as individuals with the ability to change, and allows them to recognize a future life without offending is both possible and appealing. By wrapping the GLM framework around current evidence-based interventions (e.g., Functional Family Therapy), this can increase motivation to engage in treatment and, ultimately, reduce need to associate with the street gang.
Mallion, J., & Wood, J. (2018). Emotional processes and gang membership: A narrative review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 43, 56-63. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2018.10.001
With implementation of governmental strategies aimed at reducing gang involvement, academic interest in gang membership has rapidly increased. However, there is a dearth of knowledge relating to emotional processes of gang members (Wood & Alleyne, 2010). This review synthesizes existing literature surrounding possible risk factors for gang membership including, empathy, Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), Psychopathy, Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Emotional Intelligence (EI). Due to the limited evidence-base, additional literature surrounding violent offending and group relations are used to provide a comprehensive account of emotional processes of gang members. It is concluded that high levels of ASPD traits and low levels of empathy and EI are potential risk factors for gang membership. However, contradictory research findings, prevent conclusions regarding the influence of psychopathy, ODD and CU-traits on gang membership. Overall, this review provides support for utilizing emotion-focused strategies in gang intervention programs and recommends that future research focuses on assessing the developmental trajectory of emotional processes throughout the cycle of gang membership (joining, maintaining and exiting).
Mallion, J., & Wood, J. (2018). Comparison of Emotional Dispositions Between Street Gang and Non-Gang Prisoners. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. doi:10.1177/0886260518789147
Effectively recognizing, identifying, and utilizing emotional stimuli is essential for successful social interactions, with deficits in these robustly identified as risk factors for offending. Psychological understanding of street gang membership is limited, particularly surrounding emotional dispositions distinguishing street gang from non-gang offenders. This study examined how street gang members compare with non-gang offenders on trait emotional intelligence (TEI), antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), callous–unemotional traits, anger rumination, and aggression. Recruited through volunteer sampling, participants included 73 (44 street gang and 29 non-gang) male offenders incarcerated at a U.K. Category C prison. Participants completed seven questionnaires assessing emotional dispositions, social desirability, and, consistent with the Eurogang definition, street gang membership. To compare participants’ demographics and identify the predictors of street gang membership, chi-square and discriminant function analyses were conducted. With a significant discriminant function, ? = .80, ?2(6) = 14.96, p = .021, high levels of ASPD, anger rumination, and aggression and low levels of TEI predict street gang membership. Compared with non-gang prisoners, street gang prisoners did not differ on callous–unemotional traits, age, or ethnicity. Results suggest that, compared with non-gang prisoners, street gang members were more likely to possess dysfunctional emotional dispositions. Findings from this research have important implications in terms of developing interventions for street gang membership. Specifically, this research supports the need for gang-specific early intervention and prevention programs, with emotion-focused components. Ideas for future research are discussed, including the identification of further sociocognitive, personality, and emotional traits distinguishing street gang from non-gang offenders.