Politics and International Relations


Adrian’s main research interests are in political thought, political economy and contemporary European and international politics. He joined the School in 2009 as lecturer in politics, and was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2013 and to Reader in 2016. Previously he gained a PhD in political thought and philosophy of religion from the University of Cambridge (2002-06) and held a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship at the University of Nottingham (2007-09).

In political thought, Adrian’s research focuses on liberalism and its modern critics, in particular Edmund Burke and Alexis de Tocqueville, as well as thinkers in the conservative and the socialist tradition. In political economy, he has written on the moral philosophy underpinning Adam Smith’s conception of the market, the ‘civil economy’ tradition, in particular Antonio Genovesi, and contemporary questions – including the role of civil society. In addition to articles, this work has led to Adrian’s co-authored book The Politics of Virtue : Post-liberalism and the Human Virtue (Rowman & Littlefield International, 2016).

In contemporary European and international politics, Adrian’s work is the limits of liberal democracy and capitalism, as well as on post-liberal ideas – including Catholic Social Teaching, guild socialism, economic anthropology (Karl Polanyi, Marcel Mauss) and contemporary movements such as Blue Labour. He also has an interest in different traditions of federalism, in particular in the European context. Some of these ideas are developed in the co-edited collection Blue Labour: Forging a New Politics (I.B. Tauris, 2015) and The Demons of Liberal Democracy (Polity, 2018).

Adrian holds a number of roles. Since 2007, he has been an associate editor of the critical theory journal TELOS. In 2015 he joined the academic board of the Foundation Centesimus Annus Pro Pontifice whose main mission is to promote Catholic Social Thought. He is also a trustee of The James Madison Charitable Trust, which is dedicated to the study of federal systems – linked to his role as Director of Kent’s Centre for Federal Studies. In November 2017 he was appointed as a Fellow of the The National Institute of Economic and Social Research where he works on a Nuffield-funded project about British fiscal policy. During his study leave in 2018, he is the Sir Peter Lawler Visiting Fellow at the PM Glynn Institute (Australian Catholic University), a public philosophy, politics and policy think-tank where he works on the labour tradition with a focus on Catholic Social Thought and distributism.

Expertise: British Politics – with a special focus on post-liberal ideas (Blue Labour, UKIP); Western Politics – with an emphasis on social democracy; International Politics, in particular liberal democracy and capitalism



Contact Information


Rutherford N4.E4

Academic office hours are available on the Moodle Student Guide

Expertise: British Politics – with a special focus on post-liberal ideas (Blue Labour, UKIP) Western Politics – with an emphasis on social democracy International Politics, in particular liberal democracy and capitalism Available for: Print Broadcast media  Languages: German (native) English (like native) French (like native) Spanish (fluent) Russian (intermediate) Italian (beginners) Since 2005 frequent op-ed articles in The Guardian, International Herald Tribune, The Moscow Times, The National; online pieces in The Huffington Post, Les Echos, ABC Religion & Ethics, The Conversation Regular appearances on international television and radio, including ABC Religion & Ethics (Australia), Radio Uno (Italy)

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Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository

Pabst, A. (2019). Brexit, Trump et les « gilets jaunes » : révolte contre le libéralisme et politique du paradoxe. Revue Politique et Parlementaire [Online] 121:127-137. Available at: http://www.revuepolitique.fr/brexit-trump-et-les-gilets-jaunes-revolte-contre-le-liberalisme-et-politique-du-paradoxe/.
Pabst, A. (2019). 'Obligations written in the heart': The primacy of association and the renewal of political theology. Journal of International Relations and Development [Online] 22:300-326. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1057/s41268-018-0131-7.
Pabst, A. and Scazzieri, R. (2019). Virtue, Production and the Politics of Commerce: Genovesi's 'Civil Economy' Revisited. History of Political Economy [Online] 51:703-730. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1215/00182702-7685197.
Pabst, A. (2018). Fellowship of Love: Martin Luther King, Jr.'s legacy and the renewal of the Labor tradition. Telos [Online] 182:139-160. Available at: http://journal.telospress.com/content/2018/182/139.full.pdf+html.
Pabst, A. (2018). Political Economy of Virtue: Civil economy, happiness and public trust in the thought of Antonio Genovesi. European Journal of the History of Economic Thought [Online] 25:582-604. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/09672567.2018.1487462.
Pabst, A. (2018). 'War of position': liberal interregnum and the emergent ideologies. Telos [Online] 183:169-201. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3817/0618183169.
Pabst, A. (2017). Postliberalism: The New Centre Ground of British Politics. The Political Quarterly [Online] 88. Available at: http://www.politicalquarterly.org.uk.
Pabst, A. (2017). Fall and Redemption: the Romantic alternative to liberal pessimism. Telos [Online] 178:33-53. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3817/0317178033.
Pabst, A. (2016). Brexit, Post-liberalism and the Politics of Paradox. Telos [Online] 2016:189-201. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3817/0916176189.
Pabst, A. (2016). Is Liberal Democracy Sliding into 'Democratic Despotism'?. The Political Quarterly [Online] 87:91-95. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-923X.12209.
Pabst, A. and Scazzieri, R. (2016). The Political Economy of Constitution. Œconomia [Online] 6:337-362. Available at: http://oeconomia.revues.org/2433.
Pabst, A. (2016). Trump's Triumph: The Failure of Clinton's Progressive Politics and the Demise of Liberal World Order. Telos [Online] 177:192-197. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3817/1216177192.
Pabst, A. (2015). 'A habitual disposition to the good': on reason, virtue and realism. Global Discourse: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Current Affairs and Applied Contemporary Thought [Online] 5:261-279. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23269995.2015.1013385.
Pabst, A. and Milbank, J. (2015). The meta-crisis of secular capitalism. International Review of Economics [Online] 62:197-212. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12232-015-0239-7.
Pabst, A. and Milbank, J. (2014). The Anglican Polity and the Politics of the Common Good. Crucible: the Christian journal of social ethics:7-15.
Pabst, A. (2014). Commonwealth and Covenant: The West in a neo-medieval era of international relations. Telos [Online] 168:107-131. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3817/0914168107.
Pabst, A. (2014). After the Scottish No: The Crisis of Liberal Democracy and the Case for "Mixed Government". Telos [Online] 169:8-27. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3817/1214169008.
Pabst, A. (2013). Athens, Rome and Jerusalem - A Reply to Luciano Pellicani. Telos [Online] 162:164-176. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3817/0313162164.
Pabst, A. (2012). The Politics of Paradox: Metaphysics beyond 'Political Ontology'. Telos [Online] 161:99-119. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3817/1212161099.
Pabst, A. (2012). The secularism of post-secularity: religion, realism and the revival of grand theory in IR. Review of International Studies [Online] 38:995-1017. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ S0260210512000447.
Pabst, A. and Scazzieri, R. (2012). The Political Economy of Civil Society. Constitutional Political Economy [Online] 23:337-356. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10602-012-9127-2.
Pabst, A. (2010). Modern Sovereignty in Question: theology, democracy and capitalism. Modern Theology [Online] 26:570-602. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0025.2010.01633.x/abstract.
Pabst, A. (2010). The Crisis of Capitalist Democracy. Telos [Online] 2010:44-67. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3817/0910152044.
Book section
Pabst, A. (2018). Political Economy of Civil Society. In: Cardinale, I. and Scazzieri, R. eds. The Palgrave Handbook of Political Economy. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 289-331. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-44254-3_10.
Pabst, A. (2017). Political Economy and the Constitution of Europe's Polity: Pathways for the common currency beyond ordo-liberal and neo-functionalist models. In: Cardinale, I., Coffman, D. and Scazzieri, R. eds. The Political Economy of the Eurozone. Cambridge University Press, pp. 183-215. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316403730.009.
Pabst, A. (2016). Market-State or Commonwealth? Europe's Christian heritage and the future of the European polity. In: Chaplin, J. and Wilton, G. eds. God and the EU. London: Routledge, pp. 109-128.
Pabst, A. (2016). International Relations and the 'Modern' Middle Ages: Rival Theological Theorisations of International Order. In: Bain, W. ed. Medieval Foundations of International Relations. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge. Available at: https://www.routledge.com/9781138795792.
Pabst, A. (2015). Why Labour lost and how it can win again. In: Blue Labour: Forging a New Politics. London: I.B. Tauris, p. xix-xxxvi. Available at: http://www.ibtauris.com/bluelabour.
Pabst, A. (2015). Prosperity and Justice for All: Why solidarity and fraternity are key to an efficient, ethical economy. In: Curzio, A. Q. and Marseguerra, G. eds. Solidarity As a "Social Value" – Paradigms for a Good Society. Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, pp. 125-159.
Pabst, A. (2015). 'Civil Economy': Blue Labour's alternative to capitalism. In: Blue Labour: Forging a New Politics. London: I.B. Tauris, pp. 97-119. Available at: http://www.ibtauris.com/bluelabour.
Pabst, A. (2015). Conclusion: Blue Labour - Principles, Policy Ideas and Prospects. In: Blue Labour: Forging a New Politics. London: I.B. Tauris, pp. 253-263. Available at: http://www.ibtauris.com/bluelabour.
Pabst, A. (2015). Introduction: Blue Labour and the Politics of the Common Good. In: Blue Labour: Forging a New Politics. London: I.B. Tauris, pp. 1-10. Available at: http://www.ibtauris.com/bluelabour.
Pabst, A. (2014). Constitutionnalisme et gouvernement mixte : le christianisme face aux dérives de la démocratie libérale. In: Poirier, P. ed. Démocratie(s), Liberté(s) Et Religion(s). Paris: Parole Et Silence, pp. 75-96.
Pabst, A. (2013). People who want to change things must keep pushing for change: Manuel F. Montes in conversation with Adrian Pabst. In: Dutkiewicz, P. and Sakwa, R. eds. 22 Ideas to Fix the World: Conversations With the World's Foremost Thinkers. New York City: Social Sciences Research Council and New York University Press, pp. 305-325. Available at: http://nyupress.org/books/book-details.aspx?bookId=12169#.UrL1ZBy2-cA.
Pabst, A. (2013). The Pan-European Commonwealth: the heritage of Byzantium and the future of Europe beyond the EU. In: Gromyko, A. ed. Wider Europe in the Global World: New Challenges – New Solutions. Moscow: Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Sciences, pp. 29-50.
Pabst, A. (2013). Liberalism. In: Bruni, L. and Zamagni, S. eds. Handbook on the Economics of Reciprocity and Social Enterprise. London: Edward Elgar, pp. 217-226. Available at: http://www.e-elgar.co.uk/bookentry_main.lasso?id=14159.
Pabst, A. (2013). Fraternity. In: Bruni, L. and Zamagni, S. eds. Handbook on the Economics of Reciprocity and Social Enterprise. Edward Elgar, pp. 153-162. Available at: http://www.e-elgar.co.uk/bookentry_main.lasso?id=14159.
Pabst, A. (2012). The Civil State: an alternative model of democracy and modernization. In: Inozemtsev, V. and Dutkiewicz, P. eds. Democracy Versus Modernization: A Dilemma for Russia and for the World. London: Routledge, pp. 179-198. Available at: http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415506649/.
Pabst, A. (2012). Economy of LIfe: Charismatic Dynamics and the Spirit of Gift. In: Bruni, L. and Sena, B. eds. The Charismatic Principle in Social Life. London: Routledge, pp. 1-19. Available at: http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415638227/.
Pabst, A. (2012). The Western Paradox: Why the United States is more Religious but less Christian than Europe. In: Leustean, L. N. ed. Representing Religion in the European Union: Does God Matter?. London: Routledge, pp. 169-184. Available at: http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415685047/.
Pabst, A. (2011). The Paradox of Faith: Religion beyond secularization and de-secularization. In: Calhoun, C. and Derlugian, G. eds. The Deepening Crisis: Governance Challenges After Neoliberalism. New York City: New York University Press, pp. 157-181. Available at: http://nyupress.org/books/book-details.aspx?bookId=8250#.Uqd84RyzNQo.
Pabst, A. (2011). From Civil to Political Economy: Adam Smith's Theological Debt. In: Oslington, P. ed. Adam Smith As Theologian. London: Routledge, pp. 106-124. Available at: http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415880718/.
Chadha, J., Hantzsche, A., Lazarowicz, T., Pabst, A. and Young, G. (2018). Understanding and Confronting Uncertainty: Revisions to UK Government Expenditure Plans. National Institute of Economic and Social Research. Available at: https://www.niesr.ac.uk/sites/default/files/publications/DP495.pdf.
Pabst, A. (2018). A Common Good Approach to Free Movement of People and Capital. St Paul's Institute. Available at: http://www.stpaulsinstitute.org.uk/assets/images/sp_commongoodapproachtofreemovement.pdf.
Pabst, A. and Lawson, N. (2018). What's Left? The State of Global Social Democracy and Lessons for UK Labour. Compass. Available at: http://www.compassonline.org.uk/publications/whats-left-the-state-of-global-social-democracy-and-lessons-for-uk-labour/.
Pabst, A. (2019). The Demons of Liberal Democracy. [Online]. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press. Available at: https://www.wiley.com/en-gb/The+Demons+of+Liberal+Democracy-p-9781509528455.
Pabst, A. (2018). Liberal World Order and Its Critics: Civilisational States and Cultural Commonwealths. [Online]. London, UK: Routledge. Available at: https://www.crcpress.com/Liberal-World-Order-and-Its-Critics-Civilisational-States-and-Cultural/Pabst/p/book/9780367029937.
Milbank, J. and Pabst, A. (2016). The Politics of Virtue: Post-Liberalism and the Human Future. [Online]. London, UK: Rowman & Littlefield International. Available at: http://www.rowmaninternational.com/books/the-politics-of-virtue.
Pabst, A. (2012). Metaphysics: The Creation of Hierarchy. [Online]. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm.B. Eerdmams. Available at: http://www.eerdmans.com/Products/6451/metaphysics.aspx.
Grišinas, A. (2015). Transition in Post-USSR Europe: The Human Factor in Political Identity Formation.
Trimmer, M. (2015). How Does the EU Interpret and Implement "Religious Freedom" As Part of the Enlargement System?.
Edited book
Geary, I. and Pabst, A. eds. (2015). Blue Labour: Forging a New Politics. [Online]. London: I.B. Tauris. Available at: http://www.ibtauris.com/Books/Society%20%20social%20sciences/Politics%20%20government/Political%20ideologies/Socialism%20%20leftofcentre%20democratic%20ideologies/Blue%20Labour%20Forging%20a%20New%20Politics.aspx?menuitem={DFF51E2F-C0BA-4928-ACC4-415188DC.
Pabst, A. ed. (2011). The Crisis of Global Capitalism: Pope Benedict XVI's Social Encyclical and the Future of Political Economy. [Online]. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock. Available at: https://wipfandstock.com/store/The_Crisis_of_Global_Capitalism_Pope_Benedict_XVIs_Social_Encyclical_and_the_Future_of_Political_Economy.
Pabst, A. ed. (2011). The Good Life in Common: Europe Beyond the Crisis of Instrumental Reason. Venice: Marcianum Press.
Research report (external)
Blond, P., Antonacopoulou, E. and Pabst, A. (2015). In Professions We Trust: Fostering Virtuous Practitioners in Teaching, Law and Medicine. [Online]. London: The ResPublica Trust. Available at: http://www.respublica.org.uk/our-work/publications/virtuous-practice-professions/.
Milbank, J. and Pabst, A. (2014). The Future of Welfare: A Theos Collection. [Online]. Theos think-tank. Available at: http://www.theosthinktank.co.uk/files/files/Reports/The%20future%20of%20welfare%20a%20theos%20collection%20combined.pdf.
Pabst, A. (2013). The Genesis and Ethos of the Market. Economics and Philosophy [Online] 29:430-437. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266267113000333.
Pabst, A. (2013). The New Evangelicals and the Future of the United States of America. Telos [Online] 165:179-184. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3817/1213165179.
Total publications in KAR: 58 [See all in KAR]
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Research Interests

Research Interests

  • The politics of paradox beyond the false dichotomies of left versus right, state versus market and liberal versus authoritarian
  • The English School of IR and the primacy of association over the international system of national states and transnational markets; notions of commonwealth and covenant
  • The contribution of Christian social teaching to political economy (notably the principles and practices of subsidiarity, solidarity, distributism, just wages and fair prices)


Research Supervision

Adrian Pabst is interested in supervising doctoral dissertations or MPhil theses in the field of political and social theory, including political economy and politics and religion, as well as European politics. Especially encouraged are projects in the following areas: ancient, medieval and modern political philosophy; alternatives to modern, secular, liberal thought; European politics beyond the EU.

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Last Updated: 01/10/2018