Politics and International Relations


Ingvild joined the school in 2015. Her overall research agenda covers the area of peace and security, with a theoretical focus combining practice theories and constructivist International Relations. Specifically, she has three research interests. First, the potential influence of individuals from diverse backgrounds on processes of policy evolution at the United Nations, particularly in relation to UN peacekeeping, thematic mandates at the Security Council, and humanitarian affairs. Second, how changing state, in particular post-9/11 US, practices towards the use-of-force contribute to altering the UN Charter’s use-of-force regime. Third, the roles and functions of narratives in conflicts and how these relate to questions of agency. Currently, she also works on the impact that lethal autonomous weapons systems may have on international norms (together with Hendrik Huelss, University of Kent).

Ingvild is the author of Individual Agency and Policy Change at the United Nations (Routledge, 2015) and the co-author of Governing the Use-of-Force: The Post-9/11 US Challenge on International Law (Palgrave, 2014, with Aiden Warren). She has published in journals such as the European Journal of International Relations, Global Governance, International Studies Perspectives, and Contemporary Security Policy.

Ingvild is Associate Editor of Global Society: Journal of Interdisciplinary International Relations and an elected member of the Board of Directors, Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS) (2017-2020).

Previously, Ingvild has been a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) International Research Fellow (postdoc) with joined affiliation at United Nations University and the University of Tokyo (2013-2015). She has also lectured at Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Germany (2008-2012), where she was a research fellow and completed her PhD in 2013. Ingvild has practical experience through working at Friends of Europe in Brussels and interning with the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Geneva.

Contact Information


Rutherford S4.E5

Academic office hours are available on the Moodle Student Guide

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Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository

Bode, I. (2019). Women or Leaders? Practices of Narrating the United Nations as a Gendered Institution. International Studies Review.
Bode, I. and Karlsrud, J. (2019). Implementation in Practice: The Use of Force to Protect Civilians in United Nations Peacekeeping. European Journal of International Relations [Online] 25:458-485. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066118796540.
den Boer, A. and Bode, I. (2018). Gendering Security: Connecting Theory and Practice. Global Society [Online] 32:365-373. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/13600826.2018.1526780.
Bode, I. and Huelss, H. (2018). Autonomous Weapons Systems and Changing Norms in International Relations. Review of International Studies [Online] 44:393-413. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0260210517000614.
Bode, I. (2017). Reflective practices at the Security Council: Children and armed conflict and the three United Nations. European Journal of International Relations [Online]. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354066117714529.
Bode, I. and Heo, E. (2016). World War II Narratives in Contemporary Germany and Japan: How University Students Understand Their Past. International Studies Perspectives [Online]. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/isp/ekw011.
Bode, I. (2015). Akteure des Stillstands oder des Wandels? Die Einflussmöglichkeiten von UN-Bediensteten auf Prozesse des Politikwandels in den UN (Agents of Change or Agents of the Status Quo? The Influence Possibilities of UN Officials on Processes of Chance in the United Nations). Vereinte Nationen [Online] 63:257-262. Available at: http://www.dgvn.de/fileadmin/publications/PDFs/Zeitschrift_VN/VN_2015/Heft_1_2015/Contents_Abstracts_1-15.pdf.
Bode, I. and Heo, S. (2015). The dynamics of narratives: What German and Japanese university students tell us about World War II today. Korea Forum 24:16-20.
Bode, I. and Warren, A. (2015). Altering the Playing Field: The US Redefinition of the Use-of-Force from Bush to Obama. Contemporary Security Policy [Online] 36:174-199. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13523260.2015.1061768.
Bode, I. (2014). Francis Deng and the Concern for Internally Displaced Persons: Intellectual Leadership at the United Nations. Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations [Online] 20:277-295. Available at: http://journals.rienner.com/doi/abs/10.5555/1075-2846-20.2.277.
Book section
Bode, I. (2018). Expertise as social practice: The Special Procedures at the UN Human Rights Council and the individual construction of experts. In: Schneiker, A., Henrich-Franke, C., Kaiser, R. and Lahusen, C. eds. Transnational Expertise: Internal Cohesion and External Recognition of Expert Groups. Baden-Baden, Germany: Nomos, pp. 101-126. Available at: https://www.nomos-elibrary.de/10.5771/9783845291277-1/titelei-inhaltsverzeichnis.
Bode, I. (2017). Manifestly Failing and Unwilling or Unable as Intervention Formulas: A Critical Analysis. In: Warren, A. and Grenfell, D. eds. Rethinking Humanitarian Intervention in the 21st Century. Edinburgh University Press, pp. 164-191. Available at: https://edinburghuniversitypress.com/book-rethinking-humanitarian-intervention-in-the-21st-century.html.
Bode, I. (2017). 'Manifestly Failing' and 'Unwilling or Unable' as Intervention Formulas: A Critical Assessment. In: Warren, A. and Grenfell, D. eds. Rethinking Intervention: Security and the Limits of Humanitarian Intervention. Edinburgh University Press. Available at: https://edinburghuniversitypress.com/book-rethinking-humanitarian-intervention-in-the-21st-century.html.
Bode, I. (2014). Storytelling in den Vereinten Nationen: Mahbub ul Haq und menschliche Entwicklung. In: Gadinger, F., Jarzebski, S. and Yildiz, T. eds. Politische Narrative: Ein Neuer Analysezugang in Der Politikwissenschaft. Springer, pp. 339-362.
Conference or workshop item
Bode, I. and Huelss, H. (2017). Changing Warfare: Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems as a Challenge to International Norms. In: International Studies Association Annual Convention 2017.
Bode, I. and Huelss, H. (2017). Autonomous Weapons Systems and Changing Norms in International Relations. In: European International Studies Association (EISA) 11th Pan-European Conference on International Relations.
Bode, I. (2015). Individual Agency and Policy Change at the United Nations: The People of the United Nations. [Online]. London, UK: Routledge. Available at: https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138806887.
Bode, I. and Warren, A. (2014). Governing the Use-of-Force in International Relations: The Post 9/11 US Challenge on International Law. [Online]. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Available at: http://www.palgrave.com/page/detail/governing-the-useofforce-in-international-relations-aiden-warren/?K=9781137411433.
Diez, T., Bode, I. and Fernandes da Costa, A. (2011). Key Concepts in International Relations. [Online]. Sage. Available at: https://uk.sagepub.com/en-gb/eur/key-concepts-in-international-relations/book229762.
Bode, I. and Huelss, H. (2017). The Implications of Emerging Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems for International Peace and Security.
Internet publication
Bode, I. (2018). AI Has Already Been Weaponised - and It Shows Why We Should Ban "killer Robots" [online publication]. Available at: https://theconversation.com/ai-has-already-been-weaponised-and-it-shows-why-we-should-ban-killer-robots-102736.
Bode, I. (2017). Where Are the Female Leaders at the UN? Gender Bias Persists [online publication]. Available at: http://www.passblue.com/2017/08/28/where-are-the-female-leaders-at-the-un-gender-bias-persists/.
Bode, I. (2017). Verhandlungen Ueber Killerroboter in Genf [online]. Available at: https://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/Verhandlungen-ueber-Killerroboter-in-Genf-3893368.html.
Bode, I. and Huelss, H. (2017). Why "stupid" Machines Matter: Autonomous Weapons and Shifting Norms [online publication]. Available at: http://thebulletin.org/why-"stupid"-machines-matter-autonomous-weapons-and-shifting-norms11189.
Bode, I. and Heo, S. (2017). The Presence of the Past: Selective National Narratives and International Encounters in University Classrooms. [[blog entry]. Available at: https://blog.oup.com/2017/05/selective-national-narratives-classrooms-history/.
Bode, I. (2016). How the World's Interventions in Syria Have Normalised the Use of Force [blog publication]. Available at: http://theconversation.com/how-the-worlds-interventions-in-syria-have-normalised-the-use-of-force-54505.
Bode, I. (2016). Personalities can't Be Ignored in Candidacies for UN Secretary-General [internet publication]. Available at: http://www.passblue.com/2016/08/16/personalities-cant-be-ignored-in-candidacies-for-un-secretary-general/.
Bode, I. (2019). Norm-making and the Global South: Attempts to Regulate Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems. Global Policy [Online]. Available at: https://www.globalpolicyjournal.com.
Total publications in KAR: 28 [See all in KAR]
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Research Interests

  • practice theories
  • constructivist International Relations theory
  • individual agency
  • international norms
  • United Nations peacekeeping
  • lethal autonomous weapons systems
  • thematic mandates at the Security Council
  • US use-of-force policy
  • Conflict narratives

Research Supervision

Ingvild is interested in supervising PhD students on topics related to her research interests. She is particularly interested in projects that use innovative IR theory, such as practice theories, with a focus on peace and security issues.

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Last Updated: 15/10/2018