Professor Arvaniti, a linguist in the School of European Culture and Languages (SECL) , specialises in the study of intonation, the ways in which people use pitch (often referred to as tone of voice) to indirectly communicate meaning.
In total she has been awarded €2.48m (£2.126m) from the European Research Council (ERC) for SPRINT, a five year research project entitled ‘Speech Prosody in Interaction: The form and function of intonation in human communication’. This will examine how the pitch of the voice changes as we speak, which of these changes are part of a language’s grammar, and how they are used for communication.
The project will employ four post-doctoral researchers who, together with Professor Arvaniti, will study a number of intonation phenomena, such as uptalk, in English and Greek, using tests covering speech production, perception, processing and pragmatics, in the first integrative large-scale study of intonation.
Professor Arvaniti said: ‘Intonation can have a dramatic impact on how an utterance is interpreted, but we do not yet know exactly how this process works because studies have focused either on the form of pitch changes or on their meaning; SPRINT will take an integrative approach, studying both from and meaning in tandem, an approach that we hope will lead to a breakthrough with significant consequences for understanding speech communication.’