Professor Martin Meyer



Martin Meyer is Dean of Kent Business School, and Professor of Business & Innovation at Kent Business School. He studied business, economics and sociology at the Universities of Dortmund (Germany), Uppsala (Sweden) and holds a D.Phil. in Science and Technology Studies which he obtained from SPRU at the University of Sussex. Martin also worked in the private sector, for RAND Europe and Technopolis Group.

Professor Meyer is well known for his work on science, technology and innovation as well as the Triple Helix on university-industry-government relations. He holds visiting appointments at the Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research, the Centre for Research & Development Monitoring at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, and SC-Research at the University of Vaasa.

He joined Kent Business School recently from the University of Sussex where he was the Deputy Head of the School of Business, Management and Economics as well as the founding Head of the Department of Business and Management. Prior to this, Martin held positions at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium), Helsinki University of Technology - now Aalto University (Finland), the Finnish Institute for Enterprise Management, and Linköping University (Sweden).

Research Interests

Knowledge exchange, academic patenting and emerging science-based technologies.

He is also interested in the quantitative (bibliometric) analysis of science and technology and their interrelationships. Professor Meyer has managed and led more than 20 research projects and participated in more than 30. He has served on advisory boards and committees of a number of public and private sector organisations.  

He has more than 100 publications to his name, including more than 40 articles in international, peer-reviewed journals, such as Research Policy, R&D Management, Scientometrics, and Technological Forecasting & Social Change. Professor Meyer is also one of the editors of Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation.

More specifically, Professor Meyer's research interests include:

  • science and technology indicators
  • university-industry technology transfer, third mission, triple helix, academic entrepreneurship
  • intellectual property management
  • science-based innovation and new technologies (especially nanotechnology)
  • technological systems and sectoral systems of innovation
  • technology foresight
  • programme evaluation


Professor Meyer has taught a number of modules at undergraduate and postgraduate levels, including:

  • Science, Technology & Innovation Systems,
  • Strategic Management of Technology & Innovation,
  • Methodologies for Foresight & Management of New Technologies,
  • Service and Relationship Marketing,
  • Business-to-Business Marketing,
  • New Concepts in Marketing,
  • Managing Intellectual Property.

He has also supervised dissertations covering a range of topics, including the entrepreneurial university, university spin-outs, emerging and convergent technologies as well as selected themes in international marketing and financial performance analysis.


Professor Meyer has supervised a number of research students across a range of topics, including the following:

  • Latecomers’ Catch-up during Transition in Science-based Industries
  • Organising the Socio-Economic Relevance of University Research – the Case of Nanomaterials Research
  • Spin-out strategy and Strategic Positioning of a Research and Technology Institute
  • University-Industry Technology Transfer and Academic Entrepreneurship

Potential research students interested in the Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations, science and technology indicators, or wishing to study the emergence of science based technologies are also welcome to make enquiries.

  • Maksym Koghut: Exploring the Role of Blockchain Technology in Inter-organisational Trust Formation


As one of the first social scientists exploring nanotechnology, Professor Meyer has advised or worked for a number of international organisations and national agencies, including the European Commission, the UK Engineering and Technology Board, the Finnish National Technology Agency, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. He is also a Fellow of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.

His research on knowledge exchange and technology transfer resulted in projects and studies, incl. evaluative work, centred on:

  • global innovation environments
  • user-driven centres of competence
  • user-driven service innovation and co-creation
  • patenting in European universities
  • the impacts of spin-out activities of researchers on their academic parent institutions


Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository


  • Meyer, M. et al. (2018). Towards New Triple Helix Organisations? A Comparative Study of Competence Centres as Knowledge, Consensus and Innovation Spaces. R&D Management [Online]. Available at:
  • De Silva, M., Howells, J. and Meyer, M. (2017). Innovation intermediaries and collaboration: knowledge–based practices and internal value creation. Research Policy [Online] 47:70-87. Available at:
  • Mingers, J. and Meyer, M. (2017). Normalizing Google Scholar data for use in research evaluation. Scientometrics [Online] 112:1111-1121. Available at:
  • Grant, K. et al. (2017). A Research Note on Multinationality and Firm Performance: Nonparametric Frontier Analysis. International Journal of Operations & Production Management [Online] 37:1408-1424. Available at:
  • Grant, K., Meyer, M. and Kuusisto, J. (2015). Can processes make relationships work? The Triple Helix between structure and action. Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation Journal [Online] 32:351-368. Available at:
  • Weckowska, D. et al. (2015). University patenting and technology commercialization - legal frameworks and the importance of local practice. R&D Management [Online] 48:88-108. Available at:
  • Gustafsson, R., Kuusi, O. and Meyer, M. (2015). Examining open-endedness of expectations in emerging technological fields: The case of cellulosic ethanol. Technological Forecasting and Social Change [Online] 91:179-193. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2014). Where is applied research going? Prometheus [Online] 32:319-320. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. et al. (2014). Triple Helix indicators as an emergent area of enquiry: a bibliometric perspective. Scientometrics [Online] 99:151-174. Available at:
  • Grant, K. et al. (2014). 'Risky business': Perceptions of e-business risk by UK small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). International Journal of Information Management [Online] 34:99-122. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. et al. (2014). Origin and emergence of entrepreneurship as a research field. Scientometrics [Online] 98:473-485. Available at:
  • Grant, K. et al. (2013). The Illusions and Practices of Technology Based Service Innovation: Capturing and Measuring Business Value. International Journal of Information Management 33:899-905.
  • Leydesdorff, L. and Meyer, M. (2013). A reply to Etzkowitz' comments to Leydesdorff and Meyer (2010): technology transfer and the end of the Bayh–Dole effect. Scientometrics [Online] 97:927-934. Available at:
  • Meyer, M., Libaers, D. and Park, J. (2011). The Emergence of Novel Science-Related Fields: Regional or Technological Patterns? Exploration and Exploitation in UK Nanotechnology. Regional Studies [Online] 45:935-959. Available at:
  • Libaers, D. and Meyer, M. (2011). Highly Innovative Small Technology Firms, Industrial Clusters and Firm Internationalization. Research Policy [Online] 40:1426-1437. Available at:
  • Rafols, I. and Meyer, M. (2010). Diversity and Network Coherence as Indicators of Interdisciplinarity: Case Studies in Bionanoscience. Scientometrics [Online] 82:263-287. Available at:
  • Meyer, M., Debackere, K. and Glänzel, W. (2010). Can Applied Science be 'Good Science'? Exploring the Relationship between Patent Citations and Citation Impact in Nanoscience. Scientometrics [Online] 85:527-539. Available at:
  • Leydesdorff, L. and Meyer, M. (2010). The Decline of University Patenting and the End of the Bayh–Dole Effect. Scientometrics 83:355-362.
  • Chen, Y. et al. (2009). A Patent-based Evaluation of Technological Innovation Capability in Eight Economic Regions in P.R. China. World Patent Information [Online] 31:104-110. Available at:
  • Glänzel, W., Debackere, K. and Meyer, M. (2008). 'Triad' or 'tetrad'? On Global Changes in a Dynamic World. Scientometrics [Online] 74:71-88. Available at:
  • Martinelli, A., Meyer, M. and Von Tunzelmann, N. (2008). Becoming an Entrepreneurial University? A Case Study of Knowledge Exchange Relationships and Faculty Attitudes in a Medium-sized, Research-oriented University. Journal of Technology Transfer [Online] 33:259-283. Available at:
  • Mathieu, A., Meyer, M. and Van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, B. (2008). Turning Science into Business: A Case Study of a Major European Research University. Science and Public Policy [Online] 35:669-679. Available at:
  • Kuusi, O. and Meyer, M. (2007). Anticipating Technological Breakthroughs: Using bibliographic coupling to explore the Nanotubes paradigm. Scientometrics [Online] 70:759-777. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. and Tang, P. (2007). Exploring the 'Value' of Academic Patents: IP Management Practices in UK Universities and their Implications for Third-stream Indicators. Scientometrics [Online] 70:415-440. Available at:
  • Rapmund, A., Nygaard, S. and Meyer, M. (2007). Developing Indicators and Maps for Tracking Techno-Science Networks: A Case Study of Fuel Cells and Related Hydrogen Technology R&D in Norway. Scientometrics [Online] 70:491-518. Available at:
  • Rafols, I. and Meyer, M. (2007). How Cross-disciplinary is Bionanotechnology? Explorations in the Specialty of Molecular Motors? Scientometrics [Online] 70:633-650. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2007). What do we know about Innovation in Nanotechnology? Some Propositions about an Emerging field between Hype and Path-dependency. Scientometrics [Online] 70:779-810. Available at:
  • Glänzel, W., Debackere, K. and Meyer, M. (2007). 'Triad' or 'Tetrad'? On China's New Global Role in Science and Technology. Science Focus 2:1-9.
  • Leydesdorff, L. and Meyer, M. (2007). The Scientometrics of a Triple Helix of University-Industry - Government Relations. Scientometrics [Online] 70:207-222. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2006). Academic Inventiveness and Entrepreneurship: on the Importance of Start-up Companies in Commercializing Academic Patents. Journal of Technology Transfer [Online] 31:501-510. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2006). Measuring Science-Technology Interaction in the Knowledge-Driven Economy. Scientometrics 66:425-439.
  • Libaers, D., Meyer, M. and Geuna, A. (2006). The Role of University Spinout Companies in an Emerging Technology: the Case of Nanotechnology. Journal of Technology Transfer [Online] 31:443-450. Available at:
  • Leydesdorff, L. and Meyer, M. (2006). The Triple Helix, Indicators, and Knowledge-Based Innovation Systems. Research Policy [Online] 35:1441-1449. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2006). Are Patenting Scientists the Better Scholars? An Exploratory Comparison of Inventor-authors with their Non-inventing Peers in Nano-science and Technology. Research Policy [Online] 35:1646-1662. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2006). Inventor-Authors: Knowledge Integrators or Weak Links? An Exploratory Comparison of Patenting Researchers with their Non-inventing Peers in Nano Science and Technology. Scientometrics [Online] 68:545-560. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2005). Independent Inventors and Public Support Measures: Insights from 33 Case Studies in Finland. World Patent Information [Online] 27:113-123. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. et al. (2005). Inventive Output of Academic Research: a Comparison of Two Science Systems. Scientometrics [Online] 63:145-161. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. and Bhattacharya, S. (2004). Commonalities and Differences between Scholarly and Technical Collaboration: an Exploration of Co-invention and Co-authorship Analyses. Scientometrics [Online] 61:443-456. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. et al. (2004). The Scientometric World of Keith Pavitt: a Tribute to his Contributions to Research Policy and Patent Analysis. Research Policy [Online] 33:1405-1417. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. and Kuusi, O. (2004). Nanotechnology: Generalizations in an Interdisciplinary Field of Science and Technology. Hyle: International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry [Online] 10:153-168. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2003). Academic Patents as an Indicator of Useful University Research? Research Evaluation [Online] 12:17-27. Available at:
  • Glänzel, W. and Meyer, M. (2003). Patents Cited in the Scientific Literature: An exploratory study of reverse citation relations. Scientometrics [Online] 58:415-428. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2003). Academic Entrepreneurs or Entrepreneurial Academics? Research-based Ventures & Public Support Mechanisms. R&D Management [Online] 33:107-115. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2003). Free Patent Information as a Resource for Policy Analysis. World Patent Information [Online] 25:223-231. Available at:
  • Leydesdorff, L. and Meyer, M. (2003). The Triple Helix of University-industry-government Relations. Scientometrics [Online] 58:191-203. Available at:
  • Hullmann, A. and Meyer, M. (2003). Publications and Patents in Nanotechnology. An Overview of Previous Studies and the State of the Art. Scientometrics [Online] 58:507-527. Available at:
  • Bhattacharya, S., Kretschmer, H. and Meyer, M. (2003). Characterizing Intellectual Spaces between Science and Technology. Scientometrics [Online] 58:369-390. Available at:
  • Bhattacharya, S. and Meyer, M. (2003). Large Firms and the Science/technology Interface Patents, Patent Citations, and Scientific Output in Thin Films. Scientometrics [Online] 58:265-279. Available at:
  • Meyer, M., Siniläinen, T. and Utecht, J. (2003). Towards Hybrid Triple Helix Indicators: A Study of University-related Patents and a Survey of Inventors. Scientometrics [Online] 58:321-350. Available at:
  • Kuusi, O. and Meyer, M. (2002). Technological Generalizations and Leitbilder – the Anticipation of Technological Opportunities. Technological Forecasting and Social Change [Online] 69:625-639. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2002). Tracing Knowledge Flows in Innovation Systems. Scientometrics [Online] 54:193-212. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2001). Patent Citation Analysis in a Novel Field of Technology: an Exploration of Nano-science and Nano-technology. Scientometrics [Online] 51:163-183. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2000). What is Special about Patent Citations? Differences between Patent and Scientific Citations. Scientometrics [Online] 49:93-123. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2000). Does Science Push Technology? Patents Citing Scientific Literature. Research Policy [Online] 29:409-434. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2000). Patent Citations in a Novel Field of Technology: What can they tell about interactions between emerging communities of science and technology? Scientometrics [Online] 48:151-178. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. and Persson, O. (1998). Nanotechnology – Interdisciplinarity, Patterns of Collaboration and Differences in Application. Scientometrics [Online] 42:195-205. Available at:


  • Flowers, S., Meyer, M. and Kuusisto, J. (2017). Capturing the Innovation Opportunity Space: Creating Business Models with New Forms of Innovation. [Online]. Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA, USA: E. Elgar. Available at:
  • Meyer, M. (2005). Between Technology and Science: Exploring an Emerging Field: Knowledge Flows and Networking on the Nano-Scale. Universal Publishers.

Book section

  • Meyer, M., Grant, K. and Kuusisto, J. (2012). The Second Coming of the Triple Helix and the Emergence of Hybrid Innovation Environments. in: Olechnicka, A., Capello, R. and Gorzelak, G. eds. Universities – Cities – Regions: Creation of Knowledge and Innovation. Routledge, pp. 193-209.
  • Rafols, I., Park, J. and Meyer, M. (2010). Hybrid Nanomaterials Research: Is it Really Interdisciplinary? in: Rurack, K. and Martinez-Máñez, R. eds. The Supramolecular Chemistry of Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Materials. Hoboken, NJ, US: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 673-688.
  • Candemir, B. and Meyer, M. (2009). Die Forschungspolitische Landschaft Großbritanniens. in: Hornbostel, S., Knie, A. and Simon, D. eds. Handbuch Wissenschaftspolitik. Berlin: VS Verlag.
  • Meyer, M. (2005). Measuring Science-Technology Interaction in the Knowledge-Driven Economy. in: Carayannis, E. G. and Campbell, D. eds. Knowledge Creation, Diffusion and Use in Innovation Networks & Clusters: A Comparative Systems Approach Across the U.S., Europe and Asia. Praeger, pp. 144-157.
  • Meyer, M. (2001). The emergence of developer communities in a novel field of technology: A case of Mode 2 knowledge production? in: Bender, G. ed. Neue Formen der Wissenserzeugung. Frankfurt/New York: Campus.
  • Meyer, M. (2000). Socio-Economic Research on Nanoscale Science and Technology: A European Overview and Illustration. in: Roco, M. C. and Bainbridge, W. S. eds. Societal Implications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. NSF/Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Bennett, J. et al. (1997). Cross-border Cooperation of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. in: Kortelainen, J. ed. Crossing the Russian border: regional development and cross- border cooperation in Karelia. Finland: University of Joensuu, pp. 114-116.

Edited book

  • Grant, K. et al. eds. (2014). Innovation, Service Innovation and Measuring Technology Enabled Service Innovation - A Disjointed State between Theory and Practice. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.
  • Braun, T. and Meyer, M.S. eds. (2007). The Mechanism of Research on Nanostructures. Akadémia Kiadó.

Conference or workshop item

  • Thijs, B., Glänzel, W. and Meyer, M. (2015). Using noun phrases extraction for the improvement of hybrid clustering with text- and citation-based components. The example of "Information Systems Research". in: Proc. of the Workshop Mining Scientific Papers: Computational Linguistics and Bibliometrics, 15th International Society of Scientometrics and Informetrics Conference (ISSI), Istanbul, Turkey. pp. 28-33. Available at:
  • Meyer, M., Glänzel, W. and Grant, K. (2014). 'Big Data' as an Emergent Field of Inquiry: A Bibliometric Perspective on Social Science Work in this Area. in: Asian Triple Helix Association Conference.


  • Thijs, B., Glänzel, W. and Meyer, M. (2017). Improved lexical similarities for hybrid clustering through the use of noun phrases extraction. University of Leuven. Available at:


  • Meyer, M. et al. (2019). Universities, User-Driven Competence Centres And Intellectual Property. les Nouvelles Volume LIV Number 2 [Online] LIV:61-172. Available at:
  • Meyer, M., Grant, K. and Kuusisto, J. (2017). The Triple Helix and User-Driven Centers of Competence: Towards a New Organizational Model? in: Siegel, D., Libaers, D. and Dunlop, D. eds. The World Scientific Reference on Innovation (In 4 Volumes). World Scientific. Available at:
Total publications in KAR: 72 [See all in KAR]