Human Experiments & Human Rights during the Cold War - HI6061
|Canterbury||Autumn and Spring||
Higher level module taken in stages 2 and 3 of an undergraduate degree
|60 (30)||Prof U I D Schmidt|
The information below applies to the 2015-16 session
The module explores Allied war-time research and the international response to news of Nazi medical atrocities. The Nuremberg Medical Trial and the Nuremberg Code are important milestones in the history of informed consent and modern medical ethics. The module looks at the nuclear testing programme that was conducted by the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1950s, and investigates in detail the evolving chemical warfare programme at Porton Down in the United Kingdom where one of the servicemen, Ronald Maddison, died from exposure to the nerve agent sarin in 1953.
The history of research into incapacitants and biological warfare agents is located into a wider context of an evolving system of medical ethics in which non-therapeutic experiments without consent were increasingly seen as unethical and unlawful. Finally, the attempts by veteran groups for recognition and compensation will be examined as part of a wider political history of the Cold War which has shaped our understanding and memory of the more recent past.
Method of assessment
- D. Avery. (2013) Pathogens for War. Toronto: Toronto University Press B. Balmer. (2001) Britain and Biological Warfare. Basingstoke: Palgrave B. Balmer. (2012) Secrecy and Science. Farnham: Ashgate R. Cooter, M. Harrison, S. Sturdy. (1999) Medicine and Modern Warfare. Amsterdam: Rodopi M. Gross & D. Carrick. (2012) Military Medical Ethics. Farnham: Ashgate P.M. Hammond & G.B. Carter. (2002) From Biological Warfare to Healthcare. Basingstoke: Palgrave J.D. Moreno. (1999). Undue Risk: Secret State Experiments on Humans. New York: Routledge J.D. Moreno. Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defence. New York: Dana Press U. Schmidt & A. Frewer (eds.). (2007) History and Theory of Human Experimentation. London: Steiner U. Schmidt. (2004) Justice at Nuremberg. Basingstoke: Palgrave U. Tröhler & S. Reiter-Theil (eds.). (1998) Ethics Codes in Medicine. Aldershot: Ashgate J.B. Tucker. (2006) War of Nerves: Chemical Warfare from World War I to Al-Qaeda. New York: Doubleday M. Wheelis et al. (eds.). (2006) Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons since 1945. Cambridge: Harvard University Press