Portrait of Professor Jeremy Carrette

Professor Jeremy Carrette

Dean for Europe
Professor of Philosophy, Religion and Culture

About

Professor Jeremy Carrette examines interdisciplinary aspects of the study of philosophy, religion and culture. His current work builds on his previous studies of the philosophy of William James and seeks to assess James’s contribution to the philosophy of love, building on biographical and philosophical material from his notebooks and main works. This research was supported by a British Academy grant to work at the William James Archive, Houghton Library, Harvard University, in Spring 2016. 

Jeremy's other work is in the area of religion, globalisation and international institutions, with particular focus on the United Nations, which was developed from an AHRC/ESRC project with Professor Hugh Miall in the University of Kent's School of Politics and International Relations. He also works across aspects of psychoanalysis and the philosophy of religion.

Teaching

Jeremy teaches on a range of subjects including William James and psychoanalysis, ethics and mind.

Publications

Article

  • Carrette, J. (2013). Rupture and Transformation: Foucault’s Concept of Spirituality Reconsidered. Foucault and Religion [Online] 15:52. Available at: http://rauli.cbs.dk/index.php/foucault-studies/article/view/3990.
    Using Foucault’s conceptual frame from The Archaeology of Knowledge to read Foucault’s late deployment of “spirituality,” this article argues that Foucault’s enigmatic gesture in using this concept reveals a refusal of “rupture” from the Christian pre-modern discourse of “spirit.” Despite attempts to alter the “field of use,” Foucault’s genealogical commitment ensures a Christian continuity in modern discourses of transformation. In a detailed examination of the 1982 Collège de France lectures, the article returns Foucault’s use of “spirituality” to the Alexandrian joining of philosophy and theology and the specificity of Christian practice and belief.
  • Carrette, J. (2005). Intense Exchange: Sadomasochism, Christianity and the Politics of Late Capitalism. Theology and Sexuality 11:11-30.
  • Carrette, J. (2004). Religion and Mestrovic's Post-Emotional Society. Religion 34:271-289.
  • Carrette, J. (2004). Cyborg Politics and Economic Realities: Reflections on Elaine Graham’s Representations of the Post/Human. Theology and Sexuality [Online] 10:45-55. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/135583580401000204.
    This article seeks to examine the political and economic context of cyborg culture and technology in Elaine Graham's Representations of the Post/ Human. It begins by drawing out the relationship between Graham's study and Foucault's genealogical method and seeks to establish the 'silent machine' operating in Graham's analysis. By following three critical strands-know ledge as technology, economic determinism and imaginative agency and the economics of transcendence—the article highlights and extends a crit ique of capitalism and technology in the text. It argues that economics is now shaped by the machine and concludes by opening up a 'politics of refusal'. Graham's work is acknowledged for bringing to light uncomfor table questions surrounding the politics of the machine.
  • Carrette, J. (2003). Psychology, Spirituality and Capitalism: The Case of Abraham Maslow. International Journal of Critical Psychology:73-95.

Book

  • Carrette, J. (2013). William James's Hidden Religious Imagination: A Universe of Relations. [Online]. London: Routledge. Available at: http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415828635/.
    This book offers a radical new reading of William James’s work on the idea of ‘religion.’ Moving beyond previous psychological and philosophical interpretations, it uncovers a dynamic, imaginative, and critical use of the category of religion. This work argues that we can only fully understand James’s work on religion by returning to the ground of his metaphysics of relations and by incorporating literary and historical themes.
  • Carrette, J. (2007). Religion and Critical Psychology: Religious Experience in the Knowledge Economy. London: Routledge.
    Jeremy Carrette argues that the psychology of religion is no longer sustainable without a social critique, and that as William James predicted, the project of the modernist psychology of religion has failed. Controversially, he champions greater social and philosophical analysis within the field to challenge the political naivety and disciplinary illusions of the traditional approaches to psychology of religion. Carrette discusses the relevance of the social and economic factors surrounding the debates of psychology and religion, through three critical examples: psychoanalysis; humanistic psychology; and, cognitive neuroscience. "A Critical Psychology of Religion" provides a new dimension to the debates surrounding religious experience. It will be of interest to students and researchers in the fields of critical psychology, religious experience and the psychology of religion and extends an interdisciplinary challenge to the separation of psychology, sociology, politics, economics and religion.
  • Carrette, J. and King, R. (2005). Selling Spirituality: The Silent Takeover of Religion. [Online]. Abingdon: Routledge. Available at: http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415302098/.
    This jointly authored book critically examines the use of spirituality in a neo-liberal world. It argues that, after the privatization of religion during the Enlightenment, there has been a second privatization in the post-1980s global marketplace. This second privatization is related to commercial and corporate powers that have taken over the language of spirituality for the market. The book thus offers a new typology for the relationship between religion and capitalism and shows how ‘brand-culture’ has transformed the idea of the spiritual. It provides a new genealogy of spirituality, an exploration of western and eastern traditions and explores the use of spirituality in business. This book has received considerable international interest, went into digital printing within six months after the first print run, and has already been translated into Dutch and has other forthcoming translations. The originality of the book is in providing a critical interpretation of market and business based spirituality, not least in the ‘Body, Mind, Spirit’ publishing industry
  • Carrette, J. (2000). Foucault and Religion: Spiritual Corporality and Spiritual Spirituality. London: Routledge.

Book section

  • Carrette, J. (2017). Religion, the United Nations and Institutional Process. in: Carrette, J. R. and Miall, H. eds. Religion, NGOs and the United Nations: Visible and Invisible Actors in Power. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
  • Carrette, J. (2017). Hindu and Buddhist NGOs and the United Nations. in: Carrette, J. R. and Miall, H. eds. Religion, NGOs and the United Nations: Visible and Invisible Actors in Power. Bloomsbury Academic. Available at: https://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/religion-ngos-and-the-united-nations-9781350020368/.
  • Carrette, J. (2015). A Perverse Kind of Pleasure: James, the Body, and Women’s Mystical Experience. in: Tarver, E. C. and Sullivan, S. eds. Feminist Interpretations of William James. Pennsylvania State University Press. Available at: http://www.psupress.org/books/titles/978-0-271-07090-2.html.
  • Carrette, J. (2014). Growing Up Zigzag: Reassessing the Transatlantic Legacy of William James. in: Halliwell, M. and Rasmussen, J. D. S. eds. William James and the Transatlantic Conversation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 199-218. Available at: https://global.oup.com/academic/product/william-james-and-the-transatlantic-conversation-9780199687510?cc=gb&lang=en&#.
  • Carrette, J. and Trigeaud, S. (2013). The Religion-Secular in International Politics: The Case of 'Religious' NGOs at the United Nations. in: Day, A., Cotter, C. R. and Vincett, G. eds. Social Identities between the Sacred and the Secular. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
  • Carrette, J. (2013). The Paradox of Globalization: Quakers, Religious NGOs and the United Nations. in: Hefner, R. et al. eds. Religions in Movement: The Local and the Global in Contemporary Faith Traditions. London: Routledge.
  • Carrette, J. (2013). Foucault, Religion and Pastoral Power. in: Falzon, C., O'Leary, T. and Sawicki, J. eds. A Companion to Foucault. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, pp. 368-383. Available at: http://bookshop.blackwell.co.uk/jsp/id/A_Companion_to_Foucault/9781444334067.
  • Carrette, J. (2007). William James and Emotion. in: Corrigan, J. ed. Oxford Handbook on Religion and Emotion. University of Oxford.
  • Carrette, J. (2007). Foucault, Monks and Masturbation. in: Baldwin, T., Fowler, J. and Weller, S. eds. The Flesh in the Text. Oxford: Peter Lang, pp. 193-204.
  • Carrette, J. (2005). Religion out of Mind: The Ideology of Cognitive science and Religion. in: Bulkeley, K. ed. Soul, Psyche, Brain: New Directions in the Study of Religion and Brain-Mind Science. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, pp. 242-261.
  • Carrette, J. (2005). Passionate Belief: William James, Emotion and Religious Experience. in: Carrette, J. R. ed. William James and the Varieties of Religious Experience: A Centenary Celebration. London: Routledge, pp. 79-93.
    This essay appears in the first collection of papers on Foucault and theology. The book was an attempt by Bernauer and Carrette to bring together a variety of engagements with Foucault’s thought since his death in 1984 in order to capture a watershed in the intellectual exchange. It has become a defining text in this genre. The article captures this new frontier of engagements by trying to explore the implications of Foucault’s genealogy of sexuality in terms of how his work inspired writings in gay and lesbian literature known as ‘queer theory’. The article explores the close relation between discourses of sexuality and theology and attempts to show how Foucault’s rejection of sexuality presents a challenge to monotheistic theology. The position is substantiated by excursions into Foucault’s model of the self and examinations of Buddhist traditions, which develop concepts of desire not sexuality. The article shows the importance of Foucault’s work for rethinking theology in terms of contemporary discussions of queer sexuality.
  • Carrette, J. and Bernauer, J. (2004). Beyond Theology and Sexuality: Foucault, the Self and the Que(e)rying of Monotheistic Truth. in: Carrette, J. R. and Bernauer, J. W. eds. Michel Foucault and Theology: The Politics of Religious Experience. London: Ashgate, pp. 217-232.
    This article appears in the first collection of papers on Foucault and theology. The book was an attempt by Bernauer and Carrette to bring together a variety of engagements with Foucault’s thought since his death in 1984 in order to capture a watershed in the intellectual exchange. It has become a defining text in this genre. The article captures this new frontier of engagements by trying to explore the implications of Foucault’s genealogy of sexuality in terms of how his work inspired writings in gay and lesbian literature known as ‘queer theory’. The article explores the close relation between discourses of sexuality and theology and attempts to show how Foucault’s rejection of sexuality presents a challenge to monotheistic theology. The position is substantiated by excursions into Foucault’s model of the self and examinations of Buddhist traditions, which develop concepts of desire not sexuality. The article shows the importance of Foucault’s work for rethinking theology in terms of contemporary discussions of queer sexuality.
  • Carrette, J. (2004). Introduction to Erich Fromm's 'The Dogma of Christ' and other Essays on Religion, Psychology and Society (Routledge Classic edition 2004). in: The Dogma of Christ and other Essays on Religion, Pscyhology and Society by Erich Fromm. London: Routledge.
  • Carrette, J. (2002). The Return to James: Psychology, Religion and the Amnesia of Neuroscience. in: Carrette, J. R. and Taylor, E. eds. The Varieties of Religious Experience (Centenary Edition) by William James. New York: Random House USA Inc.
  • Carrette, J. (2000). Post-Structuralism and the Psychology of Religion: The Challenge of Critical Psychology. in: Jonte-Pace, D. and Parsons, W. eds. Religion and Psychology: Mapping the Terrain. London: Taylor & Francis, pp. 110-126.

Edited book

  • Carrette, J.R. and Miall, H. eds. (2017). Religion, NGOs and the United Nations: Visible and Invisible Actors in Power. [Online]. Bloomsbury Academic. Available at: https://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/religion-ngos-and-the-united-nations-9781350020368/.
    How do religious groups, operating as NGOs, engage in the most important global institution for world peace? What processes do they adopt? Is there a “spiritual” UN today? This book is the first interdisciplinary study to present extensive fieldwork results from an examination of the activity of religious groups at the United Nations in New York and Geneva. Based on a three and half-year study of activities in the United Nations system, it seeks to show how “religion” operates in both visible and invisible ways.
  • Carrette, J.R. ed. (2005). William James and the Varieties of Religious Experience: A Centenary Celebration. London: Routledge.
    William James's The Varieties of Religious Experience was an intellectual landmark, paving the way for current study of psychology, philosophy and religious studies. In this new companion to the Varieties, key international experts provide contemporary responses to James's book, exploring its seminal historical importance and its modern significance. Locating the Varieties within the context of James's other works and exploring James's views on psychology, mysticism, religious experience, emotion and truth, the sixteen articles offer new analyses of the Varieties from the perspectives of postcolonial theory, history, social theory and philosophy. As the only critical work dedicated to the cross-disciplinary influence of The Varieties of Religious Experience, this book testifies to William James's genius and ongoing legacy. Inlcuding essays by Jeremy Carrette, Eugene Taylor, Sonu Shamdasani, David Wulff, Jacob A. Belzen, Grace M. Jantzen, Richard King, Robert Segal, G. William Barnard, Ruth Anna Putnam, Richard Gale, Hilary Putnam, and Graham Bird.
  • Bernauer, J.W. and Carrette, J.R. eds. (2004). Michel Foucault and Theology: The Politics of Religious Experience. London: Ashgate Publishing Group.
    Whilst Foucault's work has become a major strand of postmodern theology, the wider relevance of his work for theology still remains largely unexamined. Foucault both engages the Christian tradition and critically challenges its disciplinary regime. This text brings together a selection of essays by leading Foucault scholars on a variety of themes within the history, thought and practice of theology. Revealing the diverse ways that the work of Michel Foucault (1926-1984) has been employed to rethink theology in terms of power, discourse, sexuality and the politics of knowledge, the authors examine power and sexuality in the church in late antiquity, (Castelli, Clark, Schuld), raise questions about the relationship between theology and politics (Bernauer, Leezenberg, Caputo), consider new challenges to the nature of theological knowledge in terms of Foucault's critical project (Flynn, Cutrofello, Beadoin, Pinto) and rethink theology in terms of Foucault's work on the history of sexuality (Carrette, Jordan, Mahon). This book demonstrates, for the first time, the influence and growing importance of Foucault's work for contemporary theology.
  • James, W. (2002). The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature (Centenary Edition). Carrette, J. R. and Taylor, E. eds. London: Taylor & Francis Ltd.
    In this classic work William James explores the psychology of religion, applying scientific method to a field that had previously been treated as theoretical, abstract philosophy. This 2002 centenary edition celebrates the 100th anniversary of this landmark text. It includes new introductions by Jeremy Carrette and Eugene Taylor, as well as a fully revised index. James believed that individual religious experiences, rather than the precepts of organized religions, were the backbone of the world's religious life. His discussions of conversion, repentance, mysticism and saintliness and personal religious observations and experiences all support his thesis. James' pluralistic view of religion led to his remarkable tolerance for extreme forms of religious behaviour, a willingness to take risks in formulating his own theories, and a welcome lack of pretentiousness in his observations on how an individual stands in relation to the divine.
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