School of English


MA, PhD, Kent

Research interests

After a career in agriculture, I came to the University of Kent to study as an undergraduate and postgraduate where I developed a burgeoning interest in social and cultural medieval history. Using the extensive and high quality documentary sources that survive for the Cinque Ports, Canterbury and several other towns in Kent, as well as materials for the countryside, I have published numerous articles and several books on medieval society. These deal thematically with a wide range of issues from charity and the use of material culture to institutional and personal identity.

Recently I worked on the Leverhulme-funded project ‘The Great Books of Lady Anne Clifford’ for the University of Huddersfield. Now completed, I am currently a part-time Research Fellow there which will allow me to start a new venture. My new project on household production and consumption in late medieval urban society will make extensive use of local taxation and testamentary records from 15th-century Hythe.

Other professional activities

I am an active member of Kent Archaeological Society, organising a variety of study days for members and other people interested in such topics as: ‘Living through the Reformation’; ‘Parish Life in the Middle Ages’; and ‘Medieval Manuscripts’. I have also organised sixth-form workshops on ‘Strong Women through the Ages’; and public conferences on: ‘Later Medieval Kent’ and ‘New Developments in Kentish Urban Studies’.

back to top



The Role of the Hospital in Medieval England: Gift-giving and the Spiritual Economy, Four Courts Press (Dublin, 2004).

Edited volumes

  • Negotiating the Political in Northern European Urban Society c.1400-1600, ACMRS/Brepols (Tempe, Arizona and Turnhout, 2013): ‘Discord in the public arena: processes and meanings of the St Bartholomew’s day festivities in early-sixteenth-century Sandwich’
  • Later Medieval Kent, c.1220–1540, Kent History series, Boydell (Woodbridge, 2010): ‘Kentish Towns: urban culture and the parish in later medieval Kent’ and ‘Kentish hospitals during the late Middle Ages’.

Articles published 2008 onwards

  • ‘Playing the Passion in late fifteenth-century New Romney: the playwardens’ account fragment’, in C. Davidson, ed., Further Studies in the Dramatic Tradition of the Middle Ages, AMS Press (forthcoming, 2015).
  • ‘Neighbours across the religious divide: coping with difference in Henrician Kent’, in B. Kane and S. Sandell, eds, The Experience of Neighbourliness in Europe, c.1000–1600, Ashgate (forthcoming, 2015).
  • ‘A tale of two mazers: negotiating donor/recipient relations at Kentish medieval hospitals’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 136 (forthcoming, 2015)
  • ‘‘To move the mind’: scenes from Christ’s life on Faversham’s painted pillar’, in S. Kelly and R. Perry, eds, Devotional Culture in Late Medieval England and Europe: Diverse Imaginations of Christ’s Life (Turnhout, 2014).
  • ‘Placing the hospital: the production of St Lawrence’s Hospital registers in fifteenth-century Canterbury’, in L. Clark (ed.), The Fifteenth Century, XIII (Woodbridge, 2014).
  • ‘What’s in a name? Exploring the use of ‘Creature’ as a Christian name in the diocese of Canterbury in the early modern period’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 135 (2014).
  • ‘Canterbury’s martyred archbishop: the ‘cult’ of Simon Sudbury and relations between city and cathedral’, in M. Penman, ed., Monuments and Monumentality in Later Medieval and Early Modern Europe, Shaun Tyas (Donington, 2013).
  • ‘Pilgrimage in ‘an Age of Plague’: seeking Canterbury’s ‘hooly blisful martir’ in 1420 and 1470’, in L. Clark and C. Rawcliffe, eds, The Fifteenth Century, XII, Boydell (Woodbridge, 2013).
  • ‘Anglo-Saxon saints and a Norman archbishop: ‘imaginative memory’ and institutional identity at St Gregory’s Priory, Canterbury’, in J. Burton & K. Stöber, eds, The Regular Canons in the British Isles in the Middle Ages, Brepols(Turnhout, 2012).
  • ‘Hythe’s butcher-graziers: townsmen in the late medieval English countryside’, in C. Dyer et al., eds, Local History: New Directions since Hoskins, University of Hertfordshire Press (Hatfield, 2011).
  • ‘The social structure of New Romney as revealed in the 1381 Poll Tax returns’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 131 (2011)
  • ‘Caught in the cross-fire: patronage and institutional politics in late twelfth-century Canterbury’, in P. Dalton, C. Insley & L. Wilkinson, eds, Cathedrals, Communities and Conflict in the Anglo-Norman World, Boydell (Woodbridge, 2011).
  • ‘Overcoming disaster? Farming practices on Christ Church Priory’s marshland manors in the early 14th century’, in M. Waller, E. Edwards and L. Barber, eds, Romney Marsh: Persistence and Change in a Coastal Lowland (Sevenoaks, 2010).
  • ‘Remembering the dead at dinner-time’, in C. Richardson and T. Hambling, eds, Everyday Objects: Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture and its Meanings, Ashgate (Aldershot, 2010).
  • ‘‘My painted chamber’ and other rooms: Stephen Hulkes and the history of Calico House, Newnham’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 130 (2010).
  • ‘Eternal town servants: civic elections and the Stuppeny tombs of New Romney and Lydd’, in M. Baum et al eds, Negotiating Heritage: Memories of the Middle Ages, Ritus et Artes: Traditions and Transformations, Brepols (Turnhout, 2009).
  • ‘The Austin Friars in late medieval Canterbury: negotiating spaces’, in J. Burton and K. Stöber, eds, Monasteries and Society in the later Middle Ages, Boydell (Woodbridge, 2008).
  • ‘The documentary sources’, in L. Barber and G. Priestly-Bell, eds, Medieval Adaptation, Settlement and Economy of a Coastal Wetland: the evidence from around Lydd, Romney Marsh, Kent (Oxford, 2008).

Articles published before 2008

  • The poor, hospitals and charity in sixteenth-century Canterbury’, in R. Lutton and E. Salter, eds, Pieties in Transition, Ashgate (Aldershot, 2007).
  • ‘Royal patrons and local benefactors: the experiences of the hospitals of St Mary at Ospringe and Dover in the thirteenth century’, in E. Jamroziak and J. Burton, eds, Religious and Laity in Northern Europe 1000-1400: Interaction, Negotiation and Power, Europa Sacra, Number 2, Brepols (Turnhout, 2007).
  • ‘Strategies of inheritance among Kentish fishing families in the later Middle Ages, The History of the Family: An International Quarterly, 11:2 (2006).
  • ‘Mayor-making and other ceremonies: shared uses of sacred space among the Kentish Cinque Ports’, in P. Trio and M. de Smet, eds, The Use and Abuse of Sacred Places in Late Medieval Towns, Mediaevalia Lovaniensia, Series I, Studia 38, University of Leuven (Leuven, 2006).
  • ‘Historical Background to Medieval Dover’ and ‘Fishing in Medieval Dover, c.1350-1550’, in K. Parfitt, ed., Excavations Off Townwall Street, 1996. Medieval and Post-Medieval Dover (Canterbury, 2006).
  • ‘The Archangel Gabriel’s stone and other relics: William Haute’s search for salvation in fifteenth-century Kent’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 126 (2006).
  • ‘Clothing the naked in late medieval east Kent’, in C.T. Richardson, ed., Clothing Culture, 1300-1600, Ashgate(Aldershot, 2004).
  • ‘Wax, stone and iron: Dover town defences in the late Middle Ages’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 124 (2004).
  • ‘Joining the sisters: female inmates in the late medieval hospitals of east Kent’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 123 (2003).
  • ‘Land holding and the land market in a fifteenth century peasant community: Appledore, 1400-1470’, in A. Long, S. Hipkin and H. Clarke, eds, Romney Marsh: coastal and landscape change through the ages, Oxford University Committee for Archaeology (Oxford, 2002).
  • ‘Supporting the Canterbury hospitals: benefaction and the language of charity in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries’, Archaeologia Cantiana, 122 (2002).
back to top


School of English, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NX

The University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NZ, T: +44 (0)1227 823054

Last Updated: 20/12/2017