School of Economics


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Dr Edward Cartwright

Reader in Economics

School of Economics, Keynes College, B1.06



Edward Cartwright is Reader in Economics. He gained a BA in mathematics and economics at the University of Durham and an MSc and PhD in economics at the University of Warwick. He subsequently spent a year as a post-doctoral student at Université Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne before joining the University of Kent in 2004.

Edward’s main research interests are game theory, behavioural economics and public economics. His current work focuses on threshold public good games, large games, the consequences and origins of conformity and prejudice, and leadership in coordination games. Edward is associate editor at the Journal of Public Economic Theory.

Edward is the School's Director of Graduate Studies (PhD programmes) and Discussion Paper Editor.

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Edward's publications can also be found on RePEc, Orcid and ResearchGate.

Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository

Cartwright, E. (2016). A comment on framing effects in linear public good games. Journal of the Economic Science Association [Online]:1-12. Available at:
Alberti, F. and Cartwright, E. (2016). Full Agreement and the Provision of Threshold Public Goods. Public Choice [Online] 166:205-233. Available at:
Alberti, F. and Cartwright, E. (2015). Does the Endowment of Contributors Make a Difference in Threshold Public Games? Finanz Archiv.
Cartwright, E. (2015). Strategic delay and information cascades. Journal of Economics-Zeitschrift Fur Nationalokonomie [Online] 114:63-74. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Stepanova, A. (2015). The consequences of a refund in threshold public good games. Economics Letters [Online] 134:29-33. Available at:
Cartwright, E. (2014). Imitation and coordination in small world networks. Intelligent systems in accounting, finance and management [Online] 21:71-90. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Wooders, M. (2014). Correlated equilibrium, conformity and stereotyping in social groups. Journal of Public Economic Theory [Online] 16:743-766. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Menezes, M. (2014). Cheating to win: Dishonesty and the intensity of competition . Economics Letters [Online] 122:55-58. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Lovett, D. (2014). Conditional cooperation and the marginal per-capita return in public good games. Games [Online] 5:234-256. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Patel, A. (2013). How category reporting can improve fundraising. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization [Online] 87:73-90. Available at:
Cartwright, E., Gillet, J. and Van Vugt, M. (2013). Leadership by Example in the Weak-link Game. Economic Inquiry [Online] 51:2028-2043. Available at:
Patel, A. and Cartwright, E. (2012). Naïve Beliefs and the Multiplicity of Social Norms. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics [Online] 168:280-289. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Stepanova, A. (2012). What do Students Learn from a Classroom Experiment: Not much, Unless they Write a Report on it. Journal of Economic Education [Online] 43:48-57. Available at:
Gillet, J., Cartwright, E. and Van Vugt, M. (2011). Selfish or servant leadership? Evolutionary predictions on leadership personalities in coordination games. Personality and Individual Differences [Online] 51:231-236. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Patel, A. (2010). Imitation and the Incentive to Contribute Early in a Sequential Public Good Game. Journal of Public Economic Theory [Online] 12:691-708. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Patel, A. (2010). Public Goods, Social Norms, and Naïve Beliefs. Journal of Public Economic Theory [Online] 12:199-223. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Wooders, M. (2009). On equilibrium in pure strategies in games with many players . International Journal of Game Theory [Online] 38:137-153. Available at:
Cartwright, E. (2009). Social norms: Does it matter whether agents are rational or boundedly rational? Journal of Socio Economics [Online] 38:403-410. Available at:
Frank, R. and Cartwright, E. (2013). Microeconomics and Behaviour. [Online]. McGraw Hill. Available at:
Cartwright, E. (2011). Behavioral Economics. [Online]. Routledge. Available at:
Book section
Cartwright, E. and Singh, T. (2013). Social capital, the culture of trust, and economic development. in: Christiansen, B. ed. Economic Behavior, Game Theory, and Technology in Emerging Markets. IGI Global, pp. 91-108. Available at:
Cartwright, E. and Stepanova, A. (2015). Efficiency in a forced contribution threshold public good game. School of Economics, University of Kent. Available at:
Alberti, F., Cartwright, E. and Stepanova, A. (2013). Explaining Success Rates at Providing Threshold Public Goods: An Approach Based on Impulse Balance Theory. Social Science Rsearch Network. Available at:
Patel, A., Cartwright, E. and Van Vugt, M. (2010). Punishment Cannot Sustain Cooperation in a Public Good Game with Free-Rider Anonymity. Available at:
Confidential report
Cartwright, E. and Stepanova, A. (2016). Understanding the Moral Component of Conflict: A Re-evaluation of the Relationship between Morality and Strategy. BAE SYSTEMS.
Showing 25 of 38 total publications in KAR. [See all in KAR]



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Research interests

Much of Edward's current research focuses on aspects of leadership, social learning and social influence. Specifically, it looks to model situations where economic agents are making decisions sequentially or repeatedly and can observe what other agents have done in the past. How are/should agents be influenced by what they observe others doing? and how should an agent behave if he expects others to be influenced by what he is doing?

Particular applications of interest include public good games, coordination games, and large games. Edward's preferred approach is one involving both theory and experiment. Some specific issues that are the subject of ongoing research include:

  • Who chooses to lead, and follow, and why?
  • Does leadership help to resolve coordination problems? If not, what does?
  • The optimal theory of search when agents can learn from the search of others.
  • Does signalling increase giving to public goods/charity?
  • The origins of prejudice and economic discrimination.
  • Ex-post stability and categorization in games with many players.

Current and past research grants that have helped fund this research include:

  • 'An experimental investigation of prejudice and economic discrimination', Nuffield Foundation Small Grant (2009-2011).
  • 'Why some people choose to be leaders: the emergence of leadership in groups and organizations', joint with Mark van Vugt, ESRC Small Grant (2007-2010).
  • 'Anonymous free-riding in collective action problems', joint with Mark van Vugt, British Academy Small Grant (2008-2010).
  • 'Social Learning and the Theory of Search', ESRC First Grant (2006-2007).

Edward is also a member of the University of Kent's Centre for Reasoning and The Centre for the Study of Group Processes.

Edward's RePEc page is

Working Papers

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Consultation hours

  • Tue 10.00-11.00
  • Thu 09.00-10.00
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PhD supervision

Current students

Former students

  • Dr Amrish Patel (now at University of Gothenburg) (personal page)


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Administrative roles

  • Director of Graduate Studies (PhD programmes)
  • Discussion Paper Editor (micro)


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School of Economics, Keynes College, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NP

Undergraduate enquiries: +44 (0) 1227 827497, Postgraduate enquiries: +44 (0) 1227 827440 or email us

Last Updated: 17/01/2017