School of Economics

2017 Discussion papers

School of Economics Discussion Paper 17/09

Industry Volatility and International Trade

Adina Ardelean, Santa Clara Universi
Miguel León-Ledesma, University of Ke
Laura Puzzello, Monash University

June 2017


We develop an empirical framework that allows us to account for producer-country, industry, and demand shocks as drivers of volatility at the industry level in open economies. Our methodology separately accounts for demand shocks originating in the home and foreign markets. Using a panel of manufacturing and trade data, our findings suggest that, independent of the level of aggregation, output volatility is driven primarily by shocks originating in the destination markets for an industry’s sales (demand shocks) including home markets. Further, we show that industries more open to trade are more volatile because intra-industry imports increase the uncertainty of 1) domestic demand, and 2) production through greater exposure to foreign shocks.

JEL Classification: F15; F44; F61

Keywords: Output Volatility; Demand Shocks; Trade; Industry-level Data

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Last Updated: 06/06/2017