School of Economics

2005 Discussion Papers

School of Economics Discussion Paper 05/02
February 2005

Military Procurement, Industry Structure and Regional Conflict
Paul Dunne, María del Carmen García-Alonso, Paul Levine and Ron Smith

School of Economics
University of Kent at Canterbury


In this paper, we construct a model of market structure in the global arms industry linking concentration, military procurement, international trade and regional conflict. We show how concentration depends on the willingness of producers to import for their military needs and on the relative size of the external market of non-producers. We show that there can be substantial gains to producers from cooperation in the procurement process, but also small gains to non-producers involved in regional arms races. Arms export controls that limit the level of technology that can be exported to non-producers distribute these cooperative gains from producers to non-producers.

JEL Classification: F12; H56; L10

Keywords: military procurement, market structure, arms trade, arms races

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