The Financial Mathematics programme provides a thorough grounding in the mathematical concepts, tools and skills needed to understand financial decision making. It offers you the opportunity to study financial theory and applications built on rigorous foundations within a friendly and highly successful department.

## Overview

The School of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science provides a supportive learning environment with high contact hours per module. Our academic staff are available to advise and support you throughout your studies, helping you to take responsibility for your own learning.

### Our degree programme

You gain access to knowledge and capabilities that are valued by financial sector employers, corporations and postgraduate academic programmes. In combination with specialised finance and economics topics, the programme incorporates core mathematical principles, probability and inference, and a range of statistical concepts and techniques. In addition, you have a chance to develop communication and personal skills.

The degree consists of compulsory modules, especially in the first two years, and some optional modules to suit your interests and goals.

#### Student view

Macaulee shares his experiences studying BSc Financial Mathematics at Kent.

### Year in industry

You have the option to take this programme with a year in industry. For more details, see Financial Mathematics with a Year in Industry.

### Foundation year

If your grades do not qualify you for direct entry to this programme, you may be able to take a four-year degree with a foundation year. For more details see Mathematics including a Foundation Year.

### Study resources

You have access to a range of professional mathematical and statistical software such as:

- Maple
- MATLAB
- Minitab.

Our staff use these packages in their teaching and research.

### Extra activities

The School of Mathematics and Actuarial Science Student Society is run by students. It aims to improve the student experience for its members, socially and academically. In previous years the Society has organised:

- talks and workshops
- extra revision sessions
- socials and networking events.
- seminars and workshops employability events.

The School of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science also puts on regular events that you are welcome to attend. In the past, these have included:

- seminars and workshops
- employability events.

#### Independent rankings

Of Mathematics and Statistics students who graduated from Kent in 2016, over 96% were in work or further study within six months (DLHE).

## Teaching Excellence Framework

Based on the evidence available, the TEF Panel judged that the University of Kent delivers consistently outstanding teaching, learning and outcomes for its students. It is of the highest quality found in the UK.

Please see the University of Kent's Statement of Findings for more information.

## Course structure

The following modules are indicative of those offered on this programme. This listing is based on the current curriculum and may change year to year in response to new curriculum developments and innovation.

On most programmes, you study a combination of compulsory and optional modules. You may also be able to take ‘wild’ modules from other programmes so you can customise your programme and explore other subjects that interest you.

### Stage 1

Modules may include | Credits |
---|---|

MA306 - Statistics
Introduction to R and investigating data sets. Basic use of R (Input and manipulation of data). Graphical representations of data. Numerical summaries of data. Sampling and sampling distributions. ?² distribution. t-distribution. F-distribution. Definition of sampling distribution. Standard error. Sampling distribution of sample mean (for arbitrary distributions) and sample variance (for normal distribution) . Point estimation. Principles. Unbiased estimators. Bias, Likelihood estimation for samples of discrete r.v.s Interval estimation. Concept. One-sided/two-sided confidence intervals. Examples for population mean, population variance (with normal data) and proportion. Hypothesis testing. Concept. Type I and II errors, size, p-values and power function. One-sample test, two sample test and paired sample test. Examples for population mean and population variance for normal data. Testing hypotheses for a proportion with large n. Link between hypothesis test and confidence interval. Goodness-of-fit testing. Association between variables. Product moment and rank correlation coefficients. Two-way contingency tables. ?² test of independence. Read more |
15 |

MA345 - Introduction to Finance
Time value of money: Basic concepts, Compounding to determine future values, Inflation, Financial valuation and cash flow analysis: Discounting, Interest rates and time requirements, Future and Present value. Project Evaluation Characteristics of different financial securities: Debt capital, bonds and stocks, valuation of bonds and stocks Terminology in finance: Securities markets, primary market, secondary securities markets, the role of the various financial markets. Read more |
15 |

MA347 - Linear Mathematics
This module serves as an introduction to algebraic methods and linear algebra methods. These are central in modern mathematics, having found applications in many other sciences and also in our everyday life. Topics covered will include: Basic set theory: introduction to sets, operations on sets (union, intersection, Cartesian product, complement), basic counting (inclusion-exclusion for 2 sets). Functions and Relations: injective, surjective, bijective functions. Permutations, sign of a permutation. The Pigeonhole Principle. Cardinality of sets. Binomial coefficients, Binomial Theorem. Equivalence relations and partitions. Systems of linear equations and Gaussian elimination: operations on systems of equations, echelon form, rank, consistency, homogeneous and non-homogeneous systems. Matrices: operations, invertible matrices, trace, transpose. Determinants: definition, properties and criterion for a matrix to be invertible. Vector spaces: linearly independent and spanning sets, bases, dimension, subspaces. Linear Transformations: Definition. Matrix of a Linear Transformation. Change of Basis. Diagonalisation: Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors, invariant spaces, sufficient conditions. Bilinear forms: inner products, norms, Cauchy-Schwarz inequality. Orthonormal systems: the Gram-Schmidt process. Read more |
15 |

MA348 - Mathematical Methods 1
This module introduces widely-used mathematical methods for functions of a single variable. The emphasis is on the practical use of these methods; key theorems are stated but not proved at this stage. Tutorials and Maple worksheets will be used to support taught material. Complex numbers: Complex arithmetic, the complex conjugate, the Argand diagram, de Moivre's Theorem, modulus-argument form; elementary functions Polynomials: Fundamental Theorem of Algebra (statement only), roots, factorization, rational functions, partial fractions Single variable calculus: Differentiation, including product and chain rules; Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (statement only), elementary integrals, change of variables, integration by parts, differentiation of integrals with variable limits Scalar ordinary differential equations (ODEs): definition; methods for first-order ODEs; principle of superposition for linear ODEs; particular integrals; second-order linear ODEs with constant coefficients; initial-value problems Curve sketching: graphs of elementary functions, maxima, minima and points of inflection, asymptotes Read more |
15 |

MA349 - Mathematical Methods 2
This module introduces widely-used mathematical methods for vectors and functions of two or more variables. The emphasis is on the practical use of these methods; key theorems are stated but not proved at this stage. Tutorials and Maple worksheets will be used to support taught material. Vectors: Cartesian coordinates; vector algebra; scalar, vector and triple products (and geometric interpretation); straight lines and planes expressed as vector equations; parametrized curves; differentiation of vector-valued functions of a scalar variable; tangent vectors; vector fields (with everyday examples) Partial differentiation: Functions of two variables; partial differentiation (including the chain rule and change of variables); maxima, minima and saddle points; Lagrange multipliers Integration in two dimensions: Double integrals in Cartesian coordinates; plane polar coordinates; change of variables for double integrals; line integrals; Green's theorem (statement – justification on rectangular domains only) Read more |
15 |

MA350 - Microeconomics for Financial Mathematicians
Supply and Demand: Introduction to microeconomics, applying supply and demand, elasticity Consumer Theory: Preferences and utility, budget constraints, deriving demand curves, applying consumer theory: labour Producer Theory: Introduction to producer theory, productivity and costs, competition Welfare Economics: Principles of welfare economics Monopoly and Oligopoly: Monopoly, oligopoly Intermediate Topics: Factor markets, international trade, uncertainty, capital supply and demand Equity and Efficiency: Equity and efficiency, government redistribution policy Read more |
15 |

MA351 - Probability
Introduction to Probability. Concepts of events and sample space. Set theoretic description of probability, axioms of probability, interpretations of probability (objective and subjective probability). Theory for unstructured sample spaces. Addition law for mutually exclusive events. Conditional probability. Independence. Law of total probability. Bayes' theorem. Permutations and combinations. Inclusion-Exclusion formula. Discrete random variables. Concept of random variable (r.v.) and their distribution. Discrete r.v.: Probability function (p.f.). (Cumulative) distribution function (c.d.f.). Mean and variance of a discrete r.v. Examples: Binomial, Poisson, Geometric. Continuous random variables. Probability density function; mean and variance; exponential, uniform and normal distributions; normal approximations: standardisation of the normal and use of tables. Transformation of a single r.v. Joint distributions. Discrete r.v.'s; independent random variables; expectation and its application. Generating functions. Idea of generating functions. Probability generating functions (pgfs) and moment generating functions (mgfs). Finding moments from pgfs and mgfs. Sums of independent random variables. Laws of Large Numbers. Weak law of large numbers. Central Limit Theorem. Read more |
15 |

MA352 - Real Analysis 1
Topics covered will include: Real Numbers: Rational and real numbers, absolute value and metric structure on the real numbers, induction, countability and uncountability, infimum and supremum. Limits of Sequences: Sequences, definition of convergence, epsilon terminology, uniqueness, algebra of limits, comparison principles, standard limits, subsequences and non-existence of limits, convergence to infinity. Completeness Properties: Cantor's Intersection Theorem, limit points, Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem, Cauchy sequences. Continuity of Functions: Functions and basic definitions, limits of functions, continuity and epsilon terminology, sequential continuity, Intermediate Value Theorem. Differentiation: Definition of the derivative, product rule, quotient rule and chain rule, derivatives and local properties, Mean Value Theorem, L'Hospital's Rule. Taylor Approximation: Taylor's Theorem, remainder term, Taylor series, standard examples, O and o notation, limits using Taylor series. Read more |
15 |

### Stage 2

Modules may include | Credits |
---|---|

MA5501 - Applied Statistical Modelling 1
Constructing suitable models for data is a key part of statistics. For example, we might want to model the yield of a chemical process in terms of the temperature and pressure of the process. Even if the temperature and pressure are fixed, there will be variation in the yield which motivates the use of a statistical model which includes a random component. In this module, we study how suitable models can be constructed, how to fit them to data and how suitable conclusions can be drawn. Both theoretical and practical aspects are covered, including the use of R. Read more |
15 |

MA5505 - Linear Partial Differential Equations
In this module we will study linear partial differential equations, we will explore their properties and discuss the physical interpretation of certain equations and their solutions. We will learn how to solve first order equations using the method of characteristics and second order equations using the method of separation of variables. Read more |
15 |

MA5506 - Macroeconomics for Financial Mathematicians
Basic macroeconomic concepts: Output and income, Unemployment, Inflation and deflation Macroeconomic models: Aggregate demand–aggregate supply, IS–LM, Growth models Macroeconomic policy: Monetary policy, Fiscal policy Read more |
15 |

MA5507 - Mathematical Statistics
This module is a pre-requisite for many of the other statistics modules at Stages 2, 3 and 4, but it can equally well be studied as a module in its own right, extending the ideas of probability and statistics met at Stage 1 and providing practice with the mathematical skills learned in MA348 and MA349. It starts by revising the idea of a probability distribution for one or more random variables and looks at different methods to derive the distribution of a function of random variables. These techniques are then used to prove some of the results underpinning the hypothesis test and confidence interval calculations met at Stage 1, such as for the t-test or the F-test. With these tools to hand, the module moves on to look at how to fit models (probability distributions) to sets of data. A standard technique, the method of maximum likelihood, is used to fit the model to the data to obtain point estimates of the model parameters and to construct hypothesis tests and confidence intervals for these parameters. Outline Syllabus includes: Joint, marginal and conditional distributions of discrete and continuous random variables; Transformations of random variables; Sampling distributions; Point and interval estimation; Properties of estimators; Maximum likelihood; Hypothesis testing; Neyman-Pearson lemma; Maximum likelihood ratio test. Read more |
15 |

MA5509 - Numerical Methods
This module is an introduction to the methods, tools and ideas of numerical computation. In mathematics, one often encounters standard problems for which there are no easily obtainable explicit solutions, given by a closed formula. Examples might be the task of determining the value of a particular integral, finding the roots of a certain non-linear equation or approximating the solution of a given differential equation. Different methods are presented for solving such problems on a modern computer, together with their applicability and error analysis. A significant part of the module is devoted to programming these methods and running them in MATLAB. Read more |
15 |

MA5511 - Optimisation with Financial Applications
Many problems in finance can be seen as an optimisation subject to some condition. For example, investors usually hold shares in different companies but the total number of shares that can be held is limited by the available funds. Finding the numbers of shares which maximizes the return on the investment whilst respecting the limit on funds is a problem of optimisation (of the return) subject to a condition (the total funds). In this module you learn a range of techniques to solve optimisations subject to conditions. Both theoretical and practical aspects will be covered. Outline of syllabus: Modelling linear programming applications; Graphical method; Simplex method; dual problems; duality theorem; application of duality; complementarity; sensitivity analysis; dual simplex. Read more |
15 |

MA5512 - Ordinary Differential Equations
This module introduces the basic ideas to solve certain ordinary differential equations, like first order scalar equations, second order linear equations and systems of linear equations. It mainly considers their qualitative and analytical aspects. Outline syllabus includes: First-order scalar ODEs; Second-order scalar linear ODEs; Existence and Uniqueness of Solutions; Autonomous systems of two linear first-order ODEs. Read more |
15 |

MA501 - Statistics for Insurance
This module covers aspects of Statistics which are particularly relevant to insurance. Some topics (such as risk theory and credibility theory) have been developed specifically for actuarial use. Other areas (such as Bayesian Statistics) have been developed in other contexts but now find applications in actuarial fields. Stochastic processes of events such as accidents, together with the financial flow of their payouts underpin much of the work. Since the earliest games of chance, the probability of ruin has been a topic of interest. Outline Syllabus includes: Decision Theory; Bayesian Statistics; Loss Distributions; Reinsurance; Credibility Theory; Empirical Bayes Credibility theory; Risk Models; Ruin Theory; Generalised Linear Models; Run-off Triangles. Marks on this module can count towards exemption from the professional examination CT6 of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries. Please see http://www.kent.ac.uk/casri/Accreditation/index.html for further details. Read more |
15 |

MA517 - Corporate Finance for Financial Mathematics
This module introduces and explores a range of topics relating to corporate finance which are fundamental to understanding why and how companies raise money to start a business or expand an existing one. The module covers the different ways that the money can be raised, for example from a bank or through a stocks and shares market, and the interest rate or investment return that an investor will expect to receive from a company in order to provide the money required. This is a very practical module to the extent that it will help students develop business awareness in the field of company finance. Reference will often be made to actual happenings in the financial markets in support of the material covered. Read more |
15 |

### Stage 3

Modules may include | Credits |
---|---|

MA535 - Portfolio Theory and Asset Pricing Models
An investor needs an assortment of tools in their toolkit to weigh up risk and return in alternative investment opportunities. This module introduces various measures of investment risk and optimal investment strategies using modern portfolio theory. Pricing of assets using the classical capital asset pricing model and arbitrage pricing theory are discussed. The theory of Brownian motion is used to analyse the behaviour of the lognormal model of asset prices, which is then compared with the auto-regressive Wilkie model of economic variables and asset prices. Principles of utility theory, behavioural finance and efficient market hypothesis provide the context from an investor's perspective. Outline syllabus includes: Measures of investment risk, Mean-Variance Portfolio Theory, Capital Asset Pricing Model, Arbitrage Pricing Theory, Brownian Motion, Lognormal Model, Wilkie Model, Utility Theory and Stochastic Dominance, Efficient Market Hypothesis and Behavioural Finance. Marks on this module can count towards exemption from the professional examination CT8 of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries. Please see http://www.kent.ac.uk/casri/Accreditation/index.html for further details. Read more |
15 |

MA636 - Stochastic Processes
Introduction: Principles and examples of stochastic modelling, types of stochastic process, Markov property and Markov processes, short-term and long-run properties. Applications in various research areas. Random walks: The simple random walk. Walk with two absorbing barriers. First–step decomposition technique. Probabilities of absorption. Duration of walk. Application of results to other simple random walks. General random walks. Applications. Discrete time Markov chains: n–step transition probabilities. Chapman-Kolmogorov equations. Classification of states. Equilibrium and stationary distribution. Mean recurrence times. Simple estimation of transition probabilities. Time inhomogeneous chains. Elementary renewal theory. Simulations. Applications. Continuous time Markov chains: Transition probability functions. Generator matrix. Kolmogorov forward and backward equations. Poisson process. Birth and death processes. Time inhomogeneous chains. Renewal processes. Applications. Queues and branching processes: Properties of queues - arrivals, service time, length of the queue, waiting times, busy periods. The single-server queue and its stationary behaviour. Queues with several servers. Branching processes. Applications. Marks on this module can count towards exemption from the professional examination CT4 of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries. Please see http://www.kent.ac.uk/casri/Accreditation/index.html for further details. Read more |
15 |

MA6529 - Statistical Learning
Multivariate normal distribution, Inference from multivariate normal samples, principal component analysis, mixture models, factor analysis, clustering methods, discrimination and classification, graphical models, the use of appropriate software. Read more |
15 |

MA6534 - Derivative Markets
Futures Markets: Mechanics, Hedging strategies Interest rates: Type of rates, LIBOR, Repo, Spot, Forward Determination of Forward and Future Prices: Short and long positions, forward prices Interest Rate Derivatives and Swaps Option Markets: Mechanics, Properties, trading strategies Read more |
15 |

MA6540 - Financial Econometrics
Overview of statistical methods. Stationary time series. Autocovariance and autocorrelation functions. Partial autocorrelation functions. ARMA processes. ARIMA model building, testing and estimation. Criteria for choosing between models. Forecasting. Cointegration. Prediction bounds. Asset return and risk. Term structure of interest rates. Distributional properties of asset returns. Testing for CAPM. Testing random walk hypothesis and predicting asset return. Sharpe ratio and efficient portfolio. Cross-section modelling and GMM. Estimate multifactor models. Financial applications of AR, MA, and ARMA. ARCH and GARCH models. Volatility processes. Simple applications of these techniques using R. Read more |
15 |

MA6503 - Communicating Mathematics
The aim of this module is to equip students with the skills needed to communicate mathematics effectively to the world. This module is supported by a series of workshops covering various forms of written and oral communication. Each student will choose a topic in mathematics, statistics or financial mathematics from a published list on which to base their three coursework assessments which include a scientific writing assessment and an oral presentation. Read more |
15 |

MA6504 - Discovering and Communicating Mathematics
There is no specific mathematical syllabus for this module. Students will study a topic in mathematics or statistics, either individually or within a small group, and produce an individual or group project on the topic as well as individual coursework assignments. Projects will be chosen from published lists of individual and of group projects. The coursework and project-work are supported by a series of workshops covering various forms of written and oral communication and by supervision from an academic member of staff. The workshops may include critically evaluating the following: a research article in mathematics or statistics; a survey or magazine article aimed at a scientifically-literate but non-specialist audience; a mathematical biography; a poster presentation of a mathematical topic; a curriculum vitae; an oral presentation with slides or board; a video or podcast on a mathematical topic. Guidance will be given on typesetting mathematics using LaTeX. Read more |
30 |

MA6512 - Applied Statistical Modelling 2
This is a practical module to develop the skills required by a professional statistician (report writing, consultancy, presentation, wider appreciation of assumptions underlying methods, selection and application of analysis method, researching methods). Software: R, SPSS and Excel (where appropriate/possible). Report writing in Word. PowerPoint for presentations. • Presentation of data • Report writing and presentation skills • Hypothesis testing: formulating questions, converting to hypotheses, parametric and non-parametric methods and their assumptions, selection of appropriate method, application and reporting. Use of resources to explore and apply additional tests. Parametric and non-parametric tests include, but are not limited to, t-tests, likelihood ratio tests, score tests, Wald test, chi-squared tests, Mann Whitney U-test, Wilcoxon signed rank test, McNemar's test. • Linear and Generalised Linear Models: simple linear and multiple regression, ANOVA and ANCOVA, understanding the limitations of linear regression, generalised linear models, selecting the appropriate distribution for the data set, understanding the difference between fixed and random effects, fitting models with random effects, model selection. • Consultancy skills: group work exercise(s) Read more |
15 |

MA6518 - Games and Strategy
Combinatorial games, game trees, strategy, classification of positions. Two-player zero-sum games, security levels, pure and mixed strategies, von Neumann's minimax theorem. Solving zero-sum two player games using linear programming. Arbitrary sum games, utility, and matrix games. Nash equilibrium, Nash equilibrium theorem, applications, and cooperation. Multi-player games, coalitions, and the Shapley value. Read more |
15 |

MA587 - Numerical Solution of Differential Equations
Most differential equations which arise from physical systems cannot be solved explicitly in closed form, and thus numerical solutions are an invaluable way to obtain information about the underlying physical system. The first half of the module is concerned with ordinary differential equations. Several different numerical methods are introduced and error growth is studied. Both initial value and boundary value problems are investigated. The second half of the module deals with the numerical solution of partial differential equations. The syllabus includes: initial value problems for ordinary differential equations; Taylor methods; Runge-Kutta methods; multistep methods; error bounds and stability; boundary value problems for ordinary differential equations; finite difference schemes; difference schemes for partial differential equations; iterative methods; stability analysis. Read more |
15 |

MA537 - Mathematics of Financial Derivatives
This module introduces the main features of basic financial derivative contracts and develops pricing techniques. Principle of no-arbitrage, or absence of risk-free arbitrage opportunities, is applied to determine prices of derivative contracts, within the framework of binomial tree and geometric Brownian motion models. The interplay between pricing and hedging strategies, along with risk management principles, are emphasized to explain the mechanisms behind derivative instruments. Models of interest rate and credit risk are also discussed in this context. Outline syllabus includes: An introduction to derivatives, binomial tree model, Black-Scholes option pricing formula, Greeks and derivative risk management, interest rate models, credit risk models. Marks on this module can count towards exemption from the professional examination CT8 of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries. Please see http://www.kent.ac.uk/casri/Accreditation/index.html for further details. Read more |
15 |

MA538 - Applied Bayesian Modelling
The origins of Bayesian inference lie in Bayes' Theorem for density functions; the likelihood function and the prior distribution combine to provide a posterior distribution which reflects beliefs about an unknown parameter based on the data and prior beliefs. Statistical inference is determined solely by the posterior distribution. So, for example, an estimate of the parameter could be the mean value of the posterior distribution. This module will provide a full description of Bayesian analysis and cover popular models, such as the normal distribution. Initially, the flavour will be one of describing the Bayesian counterparts to well known classical procedures such as hypothesis testing and confidence intervals. Outline Syllabus includes: Bayes Theorem for density functions; Exchangeability; Choice of priors; Conjugate models; Predictive distribution; Bayes estimates; Sampling density functions; Gibbs samplers; OpenBUGS; Bayesian hierarchical models; Applications of hierarchical models; Bayesian model choice. Read more |
15 |

MA549 - Discrete Mathematics
Discrete mathematics has found new applications in the encoding of information. Online banking requires the encoding of information to protect it from eavesdroppers. Digital television signals are subject to distortion by noise, so information must be encoded in a way that allows for the correction of this noise contamination. Different methods are used to encode information in these scenarios, but they are each based on results in abstract algebra. This module will provide a self-contained introduction to this general area of mathematics. Syllabus: Modular arithmetic, polynomials and finite fields. Applications to • orthogonal Latin squares, • cryptography, including introduction to classical ciphers and public key ciphers such as RSA, • "coin-tossing over a telephone", • linear feedback shift registers and m-sequences, • cyclic codes including Hamming, Read more |
15 |

## Teaching and assessment

Teaching amounts to approximately 16 hours of lectures and classes per week. Modules that involve programming or working with computer software packages usually include practical sessions.

The majority of Stage 1 modules are assessed by end-of-year examinations. Many Stage 2 and 3 modules include coursework which normally counts for 20% of the final assessment. Both Stage 2 and 3 marks count towards your final degree result.

### Programme aims

The programme aims to:

- instil in students the technical appreciation, skills and knowledge required by graduates in financial mathematics
- develop students’ abilities for rigorous reasoning and precise expression, and formulate and solve problems relevant to financial mathematics
- encourage an appreciation of recent developments in financial mathematics, and the links between theory and practical application
- encourage a logical, mathematical approach to solving problems
- develop an enhanced capacity for independent thought and work
- ensure students are competent in the use of information technology, and are familiar with computers and the relevant software
- provide opportunities to study advanced topics in financial mathematics, engage in research, and develop communication and personal skills
- instil awareness of the application of technical concepts in the workplace (for students undertaking a year in industry).

### Learning outcomes

#### Knowledge and understanding

You gain knowledge and understanding of:

- core mathematical skills in the principles of calculus, algebra, mathematical methods, discrete mathematics, analysis and linear algebra
- statistical aspects of probability and inference
- information technology skills relevant to mathematicians
- methods and techniques appropriate to financial mathematics
- logical mathematical argument and deductive reasoning.

#### Intellectual skills

You develop intellectual skills in the following areas:

- the ability to demonstrate a reasonable understanding of knowledge in financial mathematics
- calculation and manipulation of the material within the programme
- application of concepts and principles in various contexts relevant to financial mathematics
- a capacity for logical argument
- problem solving by various methods
- computer skills
- the capacity to work with relatively little guidance.

#### Subject-specific skills

You gain subject-specific skills to:

- demonstrate knowledge of key mathematical concepts and topics, both explicitly and by applying them to the solution of problems
- comprehend problems, abstract the essentials of problems and formulate them mathematically and in symbolic form to facilitate their analysis and solution
- use computational and more general IT facilities as an aid to mathematical processes
- present mathematical arguments and the conclusions from them with clarity and accuracy.

#### Transferable skills

You gain transferable skills in the following:

- problem-solving, in relation to qualitative and quantitative information
- effective communication
- numeracy and computational abilities
- information retrieval in relation to primary and secondary information sources, including online computer searches
- computer skills, such as word-processing and spreadsheet use, internet communication
- time-management and organisational skills: the ability to plan and implement efficient and effective modes of working
- continuing professional development.

## Careers

Through your studies, you acquire many transferable skills including the ability to deal with challenging ideas, think critically, write well and present your ideas clearly, all of which are considered essential by graduate employers.

Recent graduates have gone into careers in medical statistics, the pharmaceutical industry, the aerospace industry, software development, teaching, actuarial work, Civil Service statistics, chartered accountancy, the oil industry and postgraduate research.

## Entry requirements

### Home/EU students

The University will consider applications from students offering a wide range of qualifications. Typical requirements are listed below. Students offering alternative qualifications should contact us for further advice.

It is not possible to offer places to all students who meet this typical offer/minimum requirement.

### New GCSE grades

If you’ve taken exams under the new GCSE grading system, please see our conversion table to convert your GCSE grades.

Qualification | Typical offer/minimum requirement |
---|---|

A level | AAB including Mathematics grade A (not Use of Mathematics). Either General Studies or Critical Thinking (but not both) can be accepted against the requirements. |

Access to HE Diploma | The University will not necessarily make conditional offers to all Access candidates but will continue to assess them on an individual basis. If we make you an offer, you will need to obtain/pass the overall Access to Higher Education Diploma and may also be required to obtain a proportion of the total level 3 credits and/or credits in particular subjects at merit grade or above. |

BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma (formerly BTEC National Diploma) | The University will consider applicants holding BTEC National Diploma and Extended National Diploma Qualifications (QCF; NQF; OCR) on a case-by-case basis. Please contact us for further advice on your individual circumstances. |

International Baccalaureate | 34 points overall or 17 points at HL with Mathematics 6 at HL |

### International students

The University receives applications from over 140 different nationalities and consequently will consider applications from prospective students offering a wide range of international qualifications. Our International Development Office will be happy to advise prospective students on entry requirements. See our International Student website for further information about our country-specific requirements.

Please note that if you need to increase your level of qualification ready for undergraduate study, the School of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science offers a foundation year.

#### English Language Requirements

Please see our English language entry requirements web page.

Please note that if you are required to meet an English language condition, we offer a number of 'pre-sessional' courses in English for Academic Purposes. You attend these courses before starting your degree programme.

### General entry requirements

Please also see our general entry requirements.

## Fees

The 2019/20 annual tuition fees for this programme are:

UK/EU | Overseas | |
---|---|---|

Full-time |
£9250 | £15700 |

For students continuing on this programme, fees will increase year on year by no more than RPI + 3% in each academic year of study except where regulated.*

### Your fee status

The University will assess your fee status as part of the application process. If you are uncertain about your fee status you may wish to seek advice from UKCISA before applying.

### General additional costs

Find out more about accommodation and living costs, plus general additional costs that you may pay when studying at Kent.

## Funding

#### University funding

Kent offers generous financial support schemes to assist eligible undergraduate students during their studies. See our funding page for more details.

#### Government funding

You may be eligible for government finance to help pay for the costs of studying. See the Government's student finance website.

### Scholarships

#### General scholarships

Scholarships are available for excellence in academic performance, sport and music and are awarded on merit. For further information on the range of awards available and to make an application see our scholarships website.

#### The Kent Scholarship for Academic Excellence

At Kent we recognise, encourage and reward excellence. We have created the Kent Scholarship for Academic Excellence.

The scholarship will be awarded to any applicant who achieves a minimum of AAA over three A levels, or the equivalent qualifications (including BTEC and IB) as specified on our scholarships pages.

The scholarship is also extended to those who achieve AAB at A level (or specified equivalents) where one of the subjects is either Mathematics or a Modern Foreign Language. Please review the eligibility criteria.