This module will evaluate and critique a range of historical, philosophical, theological and secular perspectives on death and the afterlife, beginning with the way the Hebrew Bible, New Testament, the Qu'ran, the Tibetan Book of the Dead and the Upanishads conceptualize the nature and destiny of humankind, including such concepts as sheol, moksha, purgatory, eternal life, heaven and hell. This will be followed by a discussion of the interplay in western theological and philosophical traditions between competing notions of the resurrection of the flesh and the immortality of the body as well as an evaluation of what various Christian thinkers, including Augustine and Origen, believed that an eternity in heaven or hell might be like. The module will then investigate the range of eschatological teachings that different traditions have offered, including in Christian thought the diversity of realized and future forms of eschatology, as well as the tenability of purported testimony surrounding the possibility of out-of-body experiences, near-death experiences and mind-dependent worlds, and the way in which such endeavours have been sustained or critiqued in the light of scientific and historical advances. The module will conclude with a detailed study of the way in which filmmakers and novelists have approached eschatological and apocalyptic teachings and reconceptualised them, with specific reference to Conrad Ostwalt’s work on the desacralization of the apocalypse in Jewish and Christian thought in a range of 1990s Hollywood science fiction movies, and the impact that such attempts have had on the way questions of life after death have conventionally been approached.
Total Contact Hours: 30
Also available as TH641 (Level 5)
Method of assessment
• Essay 1 (1,500 words) – 20%
• Essay 2 (2,000 words) – 30%
• Examination (3 hours) – 50%
Indicative Reading List
• Bailey, Lee W. & Yates, Jenny (eds.), The Near-Death Experience: A Reader, New York & London: Routledge, 1996
• Coward, Harold (ed.), Life after Death in World Religions, Maryknoll, New York: Orbis, 2000
• Deacy, Christopher, Screening the Afterlife: Theology, Eschatology and Film, London: Routledge, 2012
• Hick, John, Death and Eternal Life, London: Collins, 1976
• McDannell, Colleen & Lang, Berhard, Heaven: A History, New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1990
• Neusner, Jacob (ed.), Death And The Afterlife, Cleveland: The Pilgrim Press, 2000
See the library reading list for this module (Canterbury)
On successfully completing the module, Level 6 students will be able to:
8.8 Demonstrate a critical understanding of the nature and scope of perspectives on death, eschatology and apocalypticism within a variety of world religions;
8.9 Critically appraise the contribution made by key theologians and philosophers to the concept and necessity of an afterlife;
8.10 Develop a critical understanding of competing philosophical, theological and religious claims surrounding such teachings as the immortality of the soul and the resurrection of the flesh;
8.11 Supply a sophisticated awareness of the diversity of eschatological models within a variety of traditions (e.g. realised and future forms of eschatology, mind-dependent worlds, reincarnation and the concepts of the New Jerusalem and moksha);
8.12 Critically appraise the tenability of purported evidence about the possibility of out-of-body and near-death experiences with reference to specific thinkers, as well as with respect to academic scepticism in this area;
8.13 Critically evaluate the influence of historical and scientific contexts on the eschatological and apocalyptic hopes that have arisen;
8.14 Supply a sophisticated analysis of the way in which novelists and filmmakers have contributed to our cultural or theological understanding of heaven and hell with reference to particular novels or films.
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