Ancient medicine was a complex mixture of what we would consider 'rational' and 'irrational' ideas and practices for the causes and cures of disease and illness. In this module students will use the various sources of evidence that survive in the literary, archaeological and epigraphic record to learn about the subject of Greek and Roman medicine.
An historical approach will be used starting with an examination of the pre-Socratic philosophers' and Hippocratic writers’ ideas about the body and medicine, moving into the Hellenistic period examining the dissections and vivisections of Herophilus and Erasistratus. The archaeological material from Greek healing sanctuaries will add to the understanding of healing. For the Roman period questions will be addressed about the influence of Greek medicine on Roman medicine and the archaeological remains of instruments and buildings associated with healing, such as baths, sanctuaries and possible hospitals. The works of Celsus, Pliny the Elder and Galen will be examined. The module culminates in a review of the survival of medical practices into Late Antiquity and the medieval Islamic period. Throughout the class, students will examine ideas about rationality and medical influences from one society to another.
This module appears in the following module collections.
Total Contact Hours: 30
Also available under code CL663 (Level 5)
Method of assessment
• Short Writing Assignment (1,000 words) – 20%
• Short Creative Assignment (1,500 words) – 20%
• Presentation (5 minutes) – 10%
• Final Essay (Level 5 – 2,500 words; Level 6 – 3,000 words) – 50%
Indicative Reading List
Celsus De Medicina. W. G. Spencer (Trans.). 1993. London and Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Lloyd, G.E.R. (ed.). (1983) Hippocratic Writings. London: Penguin.
Baker, P. 2013. The Archaeology of Medicine in the Greco-Roman World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
King, H. (2003). Greek and Roman Medicine. London: Bristol Classics.
Lloyd, G. E. R. (1983). Science, Folklore and Ideology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nutton, V. (2013) (2nd Edition). Ancient Medicine. London: Routledge.
Soranus. Gynecology. O. Temkin (Trans.) (1956). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
van der Eijk, P. J. (2005). Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
See the library reading list for this module (Canterbury)
On successfully completing the module Level 6 students will be able to:
8.5 Show systematic critical understanding, through clear expression, of selected authors, material remains and topics in ancient medicine;
8.6 Demonstrate developed skills in critical analysis, and assessment of a selection of texts, artefacts, landscapes and structures from ancient Greece and Rome that relate to health and healing;
8.7 Show systematic understanding of the interpretations of and the relationships between, topics covered in classes;
8.8 Utilise and evaluate primary sources and current research relating to ancient medicine.
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