Dr Maria Mälksoo

Senior Lecturer


Maria Mälksoo earned her PhD in International Studies at the University of Cambridge (2008). Before joining BSIS, she worked as Senior Researcher in International Relations at the University of Tartu in her native Estonia. She has held post-doctoral research fellowships at the Centre for International Studies, London School of Economics and Political Science (2015), Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies (2012), and the University of Tartu (2010-2014).

Dr Mälksoo has policy experience from the Estonian Ministry of Defence, International Centre for Defence Studies in Tallinn, and the Office of the President of Estonia. She is a member of the editorial boards of International Political Anthropology and Contemporary Security Policy, and currently serves at the CEEISA Executive Committee and the EISA Governing Board.

Research Interests

Her main research interests are at the intersection of security, memory and identity politics, and critical IR theory. Her previous research has covered social theoretic perspectives of the EU and NATO’s eastern enlargements, liminality in IR, and the conflicts over historical memory between Russia and its former Soviet/East European dependants. Her current research focuses on (i) the nexus between transitional justice and foreign policies on the example of post-communist Russia; (ii) hybrid warfare and Eastern Europe in ontological security debates; and (iii) memory laws and memory wars in contemporary Ukraine.


Also view these in the Kent Academic Repository


  • Malksoo, M. (2018). The Transitional Justice and Foreign Policy Nexus: The Inefficient Causation of State Ontological Security-Seeking. International Studies Review, https://doi.org/10.1093/isr/viy006.
  • Malksoo, M. and Piirimäe, K. (2018). EleVant 100 ehk piltide seletamine elusale jänesele. Diplomaatia [Online] 173. Available at: https://www.diplomaatia.ee/artikkel/elevant-100-ehk-piltide-seletamine-elusale-janesele/.
  • Piirimäe, K. and Malksoo, M. (2016). Western policies and the impact of tradition at critical junctures: the Baltic states after the First World War and the Cold War. Ajalooline Ajakiri : The Estonian Historical Journal [Online]:337-345. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.12697/AA.2016.3-4.01.
  • Malksoo, M. (2016). From the ESS to the EU Global Strategy: external policy, internal purpose. Contemporary Security Policy [Online] 37:374-388. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13523260.2016.1238245.
  • Malksoo, M. (2015). Mäluseadused ja julgeolek [in Estonian; trans. Memory Laws and Security]. Vikerkaar [Online] 10-11:120-128. Available at: http://www.vikerkaar.ee/archives/13395.
  • Malksoo, M. (2015). In Search of a Modern Mnemonic Narrative of Communism: Russia's Mnemopolitical Mimesis during the Medvedev Presidency. Journal of Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society [Online] 1:317-339. Available at: http://spps-jspps.autorenbetreuung.de/de/jspps.html.
  • Malksoo, M. (2015). 'Memory Must Be Defended': Beyond the Politics of Mnemonical Security. Security Dialogue [Online] 46:221-237. Available at: http://sdi.sagepub.com/content/46/3/221.abstract.
  • Malksoo, M. (2014). Criminalizing Communism: Transnational Mnemopolitics in Europe. International Political Sociology [Online] 8:82-99. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ips.12041.
  • Malksoo, M. and Seselgyte, M. (2013). Reinventing 'New' Europe: Baltic Perspectives on Transatlantic Security Reconfigurations. Communist and Post-Communist Studies [Online] 46:397-406. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postcomstud.2013.06.006.
  • Malksoo, M. (2012). The Leaving of an East European Ideologue: In Memoriam Václav Havel. Diplomaatia [Online]:20-21. Available at: http://www.diplomaatia.ee/en/article/the-leaving-of-an-east-european-ideologue/.

Book section

  • Malksoo, M. (2017). Kononov v. Latvia as the Ontological Security Struggle over Remembering the Second World War. in: Belavusau, U. and Gliszczynska-Grabias, A. eds. Law and Memory: Towards Legal Governance of History. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/law/socio-legal-studies/law-and-memory-towards-legal-governance-history?format=HB#EZmMwJWrQtLuREV8.97.
  • Malksoo, M. (2015). The Challenge of Liminality for International Relations Theory. in: Horvath, A., Thomassen, B. and Wydra, H. eds. Breaking Boundaries: Varieties of Liminality. New York, Oxford: Berhgahn Books, pp. 226-244. Available at: http://www.berghahnbooks.com/title.php?rowtag=HorvathBreaking.
  • Malksoo, M. (2014). Introduction. in: Saueauk, M. ed. HIstorical Memory versus Communist Identity. Proceedings of the Conference 'The Shaping of Identity and Personality under Communist Rule: History in the Service of Totalitarian Regimes in Eastern Europe'. Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press, pp. 9-18. Available at: http://www.oapen.org/search?identifier=507876.
  • Malksoo, M. (2013). Decentring the West from Within: Estonian Discourses on Russian Democracy. in: Morozov, V. ed. Decentring the West: The Idea of Democracy and the Struggle for Hegemony. Farnham, UK: Ashgate (now Routledge, Taylor and Francis Ltd), pp. 157-173. Available at: https://www.routledge.com/Decentring-the-West-The-Idea-of-Democracy-and-the-Struggle-for-Hegemony/Morozov/p/book/9781409449706.
  • Malksoo, M. (2013). Nesting Orientalisms at War: World War II and the 'Memory War' in Eastern Europe. in: Barkawi, T. and Stanski, K. eds. Orientalism and War. New York, US: Columbia University Press/Hurst, pp. 177-195. Available at: http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327782.001.0001/acprof-9780199327782-chapter-9.


  • Etkind, A. et al. (2012). Remembering Katyn. [Online]. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press. Available at: http://www.polity.co.uk/book.asp?ref=9780745655765.

Internet publication

  • Malksoo, M. (2018). Decommunization in Times of War: Ukraine's Militant Democracy Problem [Internet publication]. Available at: http://verfassungsblog.de/decommunization-in-times-of-war-ukraines-militant-democracy-problem/.
  • Malksoo, M. (2017). Interview - Maria Mälksoo [Online publication]. Available at: http://www.e-ir.info/2017/09/22/interview-maria-malksoo/.
  • Opperman, K. et al. (2016). Brexit Symposium [Open access website]. Available at: http://www.e-ir.info/2016/09/10/brexit-symposium/.


  • Malksoo, M. (2018). A Baltic Struggle for a "European Memory": The Militant Mnemopolitics of The Soviet Story. Journal of Genocide Research TBD:forthcoming.
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