Hans Maes studied at the University of Leuven, Belgium, and graduated there with a PhD in Philosophy. His dissertation, focusing on problems in ethics and moral psychology, was published as a book in Belgium and The Netherlands. He has since made aesthetics and the philosophy of art the main focus of his postdoctoral activities. He worked at the Department of Aesthetics of the University of Helsinki, Finland, and also at the University of Maryland, USA, before coming to Kent where he is currently Senior Lecturer in History and Philosophy of Art.
He has authored papers on a variety of topics in aesthetics, including portraiture, the role of intention in the interpretation of art, and the relation between art and pornography. The latter is the subject of two essay collections: Art and Pornography (co-edited with Jerrold Levinson, Oxford University Press, 2012) and Pornographic Art and The Aesthetics of Pornography (Palgrave MacMillan, 2013). While the first book focuses exclusively on the philosophical side of the debate, the second book takes an interdisciplinary approach and includes contributions from art historians, cultural theorists, film scholars, artists, curators, as well as philosophers.
His latest book is entitled Conversations on Art and Aesthetics (Oxford University Press, 2017). In this volume he discusses key questions in contemporary aesthetics with ten world-leading philosophers of art. For more information about this and other publications, please visit: https://kent.academia.edu/HansMaes
Hans is Co-Director of the Aesthetics Research Centre and a Trustee of the British Society of Aesthetics. He is also a Past President of the Dutch Association of Aesthetics.
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HA649 “Exposed: The Aesthetics of Sexuality, The Body, and Erotic Art”
Many pictures, still and moving, in Western society and globally, in high art and demotic culture, incorporate sexual imagery and themes. This module will explore different aesthetic perspectives and theoretical approaches to such images, including those typically classified as pornography and erotica around which much of the existing philosophical literature focuses. Here are some of the central questions which this module will investigate: What is erotic art? What is pornography? In which respect and to what extent is pornography morally objectionable? What is it for a representation to be exploitative or objectifying? Is it always possible to draw a sharp line between pornography and erotic art? Is ‘pornographic art’ an oxymoron? What is the relation between erotic experience and aesthetic experience and are they at all compatible? What are the differences and similarities between voyeurism and aesthetic interest? What is the role of transgression in art? Are obscenity and art mutually exclusive?
HA836 “The Art of Portraiture: Historical and Philosophical Approaches”
This module aims to give students an advanced understanding of concepts and methods involved in the study of portraits. A programme of seminars will explore recent philosophical and art historical literature on portraiture and related research topics. The historical development of portraiture and its different subgenres will be traced, influential portrait artists will be discussed and their work will be critically analysed – all of which will be addressed within a broader theoretical framework, focusing on philosophical issues such as the nature of personal identity, objectification, the definition of art, and theories of representation and genre.
ART5xx “Media Ethics”
This module seeks to investigate some of the most pressing ethical issues in contemporary media culture and the mediated arts. Topics may include: violence in video games, nudity on the screen and in advertising, anti-heroes and villains in fiction, propaganda and manipulation, sexism and racism in humor, shock value in the news and in contemporary art. To answer the many moral questions that arise in this context students will examine basic notions such as truth, objectification, voyeurism, exploitation, offence, harm, gender, and stereotype.
HA575 “Beauty in Theory, Culture, and Contemporary Art”
After decades of neglect, beauty has made a controversial ‘return’ both in contemporary art and as a concept in contemporary aesthetics, art theory and criticism. The module examines the issues raised by this recent resurgence of beauty.
HA361 “Introduction to Aesthetics”
The module begins with the question of the value of art. Issues of concern include the role of pleasure, thought, emotion and experience in art, the differences between art and entertainment, art and science, art and philosophy, and the notorious ‘end of art’ thesis put forward by Arthur Danto. These investigations provide the intellectual framework for the exploration of key visual arts media in the second half of the module.
HA835 “A Matter of Taste: The Art and Aesthetics of Food”
In this module, we examine the similarities and differences between notions of aesthetic and gustatory taste that were explored in the formation of modern aesthetic theories. Recent scientific views of how taste actually works will also be discussed. Turning to taste's objects – food and drink – we look at the different meanings they convey in art and literature as well as in ordinary human life and we examine an approach to the aesthetic value of taste that recognizes the representational and expressive roles of food. Throughout the module we will address the issue of the objectivity of taste and critically investigate the age-old cliché that says “de gustibus non est disputandum” (“in matters of taste, there can be no dispute”).
PL311 “Ideas in the Arts: Aesthetics, Truth, and Meaning”
HA822 “Introduction to Research in History and Philosophy of Art”
HA318 “Now that is Art! Aesthetics and the Visual Arts”
Hans Maes’s research interests are philosophy of art and aesthetics, broadly construed. Much of his published work is freely available via: https://kent.academia.edu/HansMaes
Hans’s most recent book is Conversations on Art and Aesthetics (Oxford University Press, 2017). It contains interviews with, and portraits of, some of the world’s leading philosophers of art. Other recent publications are: Art and Pornography (Oxford University Press, 2012, co-edited with Jerrold Levinson), Pornographic Art and the Aesthetics of Pornography (Palgrave MacMillan, 2013), “Erotic Art” (Stanford Encyclopaedia of Aesthetics, 2014), and “What is a Portrait?” (British Journal of Aesthetics, 2015).
Hans has given talks at many universities and conferences, both in the UK and abroad (Belgium, China, Czech Republic, Germany, Finland, Ireland, The Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, USA). In 2012 he was awarded a Senior Fellowship at the Descartes Centre in The Netherlands for the project “A Critique of Enlightenment Formalism in Aesthetics”. He has been the recipient of multiple grants from the British Society of Aesthetics and the American Society of Aesthetics. In 2016 he received an ASA Curriculum Diversification Award for his project on The Aesthetics of Portraiture.
He is Co-Director of the Aesthetics Research Centre at the University of Kent and was President of the Dutch Association for Aesthetics from 2010 until 2013. He is presently a Trustee of the British Society of Aesthetics and Co-Chair of the BSA Annual Meeting at Oxford University.
With colleagues of the Aesthetics Research Centre he has coordinated several symposia and was principal organiser of international conferences on “Art, Aesthetics and the Sexual” (Canterbury, 2009); “Aesthetics, Art, and Pornography” (London, 2011) “Shunga and Philosophy” (British Museum, 2013), “Aesthetics Today” (Canterbury, 2017) “The Philosophy of Portraiture” (College Park & National Portrait Gallery, Washington DC, 2018).
Hans Maes is interested to work with research students on topics in aesthetics and the philosophy of art and welcomes applications for postgraduate study under his supervision. He is particularly (but not exclusively) interested in research projects on:
- melancholy as an aesthetic emotion
- love & art
- problems of interpretation
- erotic art and pornography
- the philosophy of sexuality
- feminist aesthetics
- stereotypes in art
- the role of beauty in art
- the relation between art and morality
- Arthur Danto
- the cognitive value of art and literature
- chills (‘frissons’) in the appreciation of art
Dr Maes is currently supervising PhD projects on a variety of topics, including the Philosophy of Curating, Interactive Art and Videogames, Intentionalism, Immersion in Art, and Alternative Pornography. He has supervised to completion doctoral dissertations on Political Cinema, the Philosophy of Satire, and Visual Perception in Art.
If you think you might be interested in pursuing postgraduate research with Dr. Maes, please contact him via email: H.Maes@kent.ac.uk