Kent Law School

Critical perspectives research led teaching


Law (Specialism Criminal Justice) LLM PDip

Overview

The Kent LLM (and associated Diploma programme) allows you to broaden and deepen your knowledge and understanding of law by specialising in one or more different areas.

Studying for a Master's in Law (LLM) at Kent means having the certainty of gaining an LLM in a specialist area of Law. The Kent LLM gives you the freedom to leave your choice of specialism open until after you arrive, your specialism being determined by the modules you choose.

This specialisation is designed for people who already work, or intend to work, within the criminal justice system, whether for the police, probation service, prison service or other organisations, or those with an interest in such matters. It covers criminal law and procedure in the UK, internationally and comparatively. It examines criminal justice systems from a range of perspectives, including the management of organisations, human rights, the psychological and sociological causes of criminal behaviour and social and economic perspectives.

There is close co-operation with the MA in Criminology run by the School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research. Students on the LLM and MA can take modules from both programmes. Criminology has specialists in many areas including criminological theory, research methods, youth crime, gender, cultural criminology and terrorism.

About Kent Law School

Kent Law School (KLS) is the UK's leading critical law school. A cosmopolitan centre of world-class critical legal research, it offers a supportive and intellectually stimulating place to study postgraduate taught and research degrees.

In addition to learning the detail of the law, students at Kent are taught to think about the law with regard to its history, development and relationship with wider society. This approach allows students to fully understand the law. Our critical approach not only makes the study of law more interesting, it helps to develop crucial skills and abilities required for a career in legal practice.

The Law School offers its flagship Kent LLM at the University’s Canterbury campus (and three defined LLM programmes at the University’s Brussels centre). Our programmes are open to non-law graduates with an appropriate academic or professional background who wish to develop an advanced understanding of law in their field. You study within a close-knit, supportive and intellectually stimulating environment, working closely with academic staff. KLS uses critical research-led teaching throughout our programmes to ensure that you benefit from the Law School’s world-class research.

 

Course structure

You can tailor your studies to your particular needs and interests to obtain an LLM or Diploma in a single specialisation, in two specialisations jointly, or by choosing a broad range of modules in different areas of law to obtain a general LLM or Diploma in Law.

Your choice of specialisation will be shaped by the modules you take and your dissertation topic. To be awarded an LLM in a single specialisation, at least three of your six modules must be chosen from those associated with that specialisation and your dissertation focusing on that area of law. The other three modules can be chosen from any offered in the Law School. All students are required to take the Legal Research and Writing Skills module. To be awarded a major/minor specialisation you choose three modules associated with one specialisation, and three from another specialisation, with the dissertation determining your 'major' specialisation. 

For example, a student who completes at least three modules in International Commercial Law and completes a dissertation in this area would graduate with an LLM in International Commercial Law; a student who completes three Criminal Justice modules and three Environmental Law modules and then undertakes a dissertation which engages with Criminal Justice would graduate with an LLM in Criminal Justice and Environmental Law.

Modules

The following modules are indicative of those offered on this programme. This list is based on the current curriculum and may change year to year.  Most programmes will require you to study a combination of compulsory and optional modules. You may also have the option to take modules from other programmes so that you may customise your programme and explore other subject areas that interest you.

LW801 - Intellectual Property

Over the past few decades, the scope of intellectual property has grown significantly. The goal of the course is to provide an overview of these areas from different angles in order to be able to assess this expansion. In so doing, it will examine this area of law from historical, theoretical and practical perspectives. The emphasis throughout the course is on reflexive critique. That is, we will study the different modes of justifying intellectual property; the different historical approaches to trace the ways in which we can understand the political economy of intellectual property and we will look at the past to try to find ways of thinking about the present situation of international legal regimes. On a more contemporary level, we will study the interaction between intellectual property and health, the problems posed by biotechnology, as well as the more practical question on the way of producing evidence in intellectual property trials.

No prior knowledge or study of intellectual property is required.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW802 - International Business Transactions

This module will examine the legal problems that arise in commercial transactions between businesses established in different States. The module will concentrate specifically on the 'transnational' nature of such transactions, and some of the legal solutions characteristically adopted by legal systems with emphasis on International, English or the US system or, where appropriate, legal rules and materials of other jurisdictions by way of illustration. The module will also cover the unique features of current transnational business transactions such as Mergers and Acquisition, Franchising and the increasing influence of certain developing states, such as India, South Africa, Nigeria and China.

Topics Covered
Sources of Transnational Commercial Law and the interactions of Lex Mercatoria with public international law, International Conventions, Model Uniform Law, UNCITRAL, Reception and Approximation in National Law, Conflicts of Law, International Commercial Customs and Practice, The Role of International Chamber of Commerce; Public Regulatory Background to Private Transaction (GATT & WTO) with special emphasis on the conflict between international trade and environmental legislation as well as the conflict between the so called developed and developing states; International Sales of Goods, The Vienna Convention 1980, UNIDROIT Principles; Standard Trade Terms especially INCOTERMS; Commercial Paper and Finance of International Sales, Documents of Title, Bills of Landing, Mates' Receipts, Consignment Notes, Paperless Documents and EDI, UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce, comparative analysis of electronic commerce and electronic signature regimes, Negotiable Instruments, Payment Collection Arrangements, Mergers and Acquisition, Oil and Gas Transactions, Letters of Credit, Performance Bonds and Guarantees, Export Credit Guarantees; Licensing and Franchising; Dispute Resolution with special emphasis on the resolution of disputes involving parties across the developed and developing states divide.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW807 - European Comparative Law

This module on comparative law is designed to act both as a foundational introduction for all those hoping to bring into their legal studies (particularly the writing of a dissertation or thesis) an analysis of more than one legal system and as an introduction to the contemporary debates taking place within comparative legal studies. By foundational introduction is meant the studying of the methods and theories that inform and now make up comparative law as a subject. An understanding of these methods and theories is, it must be stressed, absolutely vital if any serious comparative law work is to be undertaken.

Content of module:
Introduction to comparative law; problems of definition; what is 'comparison'?; alternatives to functionalism; hermeneutics; structural approaches; paradigm orientations; what is 'law'?; data and objects of comparison; transplants and translation.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW814 - Public International Law

This module is intended to provide a detailed study of the rules, doctrines and institutions of public international law. It provides a critical, if internal analysis of international law and a firm basis upon which to found arguments concerning the political importance of international law.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW815 - EU Constitutional and Institutional Law

This module focuses on the foundational rules, principles and doctrines underpinning the constitutional and institutional legal framework of the European Union. Against the backdrop of financial turbulence within the Eurozone and the recent structural reforms to the Union introduced by the 2007 Lisbon Treaty, this core area of EU law has gained heightened political and legal significance in the context of on-going debates on the nature and extent of European legal integration.

The following specific topics will be considered in this module: the respective roles, competencies and powers of the EU's main political and judicial institutions; foundational legal principles underpinning the EU's legal framework including direct effect and supremacy of Union law; the relationship between the EU's Court of Justice and national courts of the Member States; enforcement mechanisms of EU law; human rights in EU law; EU Citizenship; and legal aspects of the external relations aspects of the Union. In addition, at the end of the module students will have an opportunity to take stock and appraise the 'constitutional' nature and impact of the Union.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW839 - Environmental Quality Law

This module provides an introduction to the law on environmental quality and a preface to regulatory themes that are pursued in other modules. In common language, the module is about the law relating to 'pollution', but, as will be seen, this is a concept that is quite difficult to define with the precision that is needed as a basis for legal rights and duties. 'Environmental quality' is a broader term, encompassing issues as to the degree of contamination that is considered acceptable in relation to the three environmental media of water, air and land. Broadly, the module is organised around the progression of approaches that law has taken towards the regulation of those activities that have been identified as most damaging to the environmental media. Although, this involves careful examination and evaluation of national laws relating to pollution control, attention is increasingly focused upon regulatory requirements drawn from European Union and international law. The module seeks to assess different models and strategies for environmental quality regulation against broader objectives for the environment in reflecting upon what it is that is to be regulated, and why, and whether actual approaches to regulation are the best way of achieving this.

Topics covered

Session 1: Objectives of environmental quality law
Session 2: Environmental quality and private rights
Session 3: Environmental liability and environmental human rights
Session 4: Water quality regulation
Session 5: Air quality law
Session 6: Waste management law
Session 7: The Integration of pollution control
Session 8: Enforcement and the Environment Agency

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW846 - International Humanitarian Law and International Criminal Law

This module is intended to provide a critical examination of the principles and institutions and theory and practice of international criminal law. The module examines theories of transitional justice; the establishment and operation of international criminal justice institutions, and the substantive law of international crimes. Case studies and special topics in international criminal law, form an important part of the module.

Topics covered include the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and Yugoslavia; the International Criminal Court; "mixed jurisdictions", such as the Special Court for Sierra Leone; the role of the defence; victims and witnesses in international criminal law; genocide; crimes against humanity; war crimes and aggression in international law.

Students are encouraged to reflect critically upon the international criminal justice system as it is emerging, including its political, ethical and social context. Key questions and themes include: the role of the UN Security Council in international criminal justice; the relationship between the International Criminal Court and Africa; the relationship between international criminal justice and history; the tension between the individual and the collective in international criminal law.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW847 - World Trade Organisation (WTO) Law and Practice I

The establishment of the WTO on 1 January 1995 has signaled the beginning of a new era in international economic relations. Unlike the GATT, whose main purpose was the reduction of barriers on trade in goods, the WTO legal regime reach deeper into more areas of policy-making, ranging from the regulation of services and investments to the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights. Furthermore, through its Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) the WTO has the capacity to generate case-law on the resolution of disputes under the WTO agreements that it covers. This marks a significant shift from the earlier GATT dispute settlement mechanism as it creates, for the first time on the multilateral level, a binding decision-making apparatus. Thus any serious attempt to understand the nature and development of international economic law requires a careful and detailed study of the WTO and its emergent law and practice. It is the cornerstone of the new global economic order. This module offers a comprehensive overview of this evolving legal and regulatory order.

Topics covered
Introduction: Theoretical Underpinnings of the Regulation of International Trade; orthodox and heterodox approaches to trade theory and practice; the main actors: states, multinational enterprises, civil society and NGOs; The Institutional Context I: The Bretton Woods System, GATT and the WTO; The Institutional Context II: regional economic groupings among developing countries (eg Andean Community, MERCOSUR, ASEAN); relationship with UN institutions (UNCTAD, UNDP, UN Global Compact); The Dispute Settlement Understanding; Tariff and Non-Tariff Barriers; The Most-Favoured-Nation Principle; National Treatment and Non-Tariff Barriers; Exceptions: protected national policies; the special position of developing and transitional countries; Trade linkages (agriculture; services; intellectual property rights).

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW852 - European Environmental Law and Policy

This module provides an overview of the policy and legislation of the European Union in relation to the environment and ecological protection, with particular sectors considered in more detail in other modules. The overall purpose of the module is to appreciate the significance of European Union law as a system of regional international law seeking to harmonize the national laws of the Member States according to common principles of environmental regulation. An initial focus is upon foundational issues including the nature of the European Union, basic principles of European Union environmental policy and law, and problematic issues such as the tension between free trade and environmental protection. Attention is also given to particular examples of environmental measures, with some discussion of how these are implemented in national law. Finally, discussion is provided as to recent and forthcoming developments at European Union level, including critical issues of participation, implementation and enforcement, at European Union and national levels.

Topics covered

introductory session: a scan of the module
the evolution of European Union environmental competence
fundamental environmental objectives of the European Union
the basis for substantive environmental legislation
reconciling environmental protection and trade
substantive European Union legislation on waste regulation
environmental Information and Participation
alternative strategies in environmental regulation
the implementation and enforcement of environmental legislation

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW862 - Death and Dying

This module aims to explore how the law is involved in matters to do with death and dying.

Topics Covered

legal definitions of death
the practical and ethical difficulties associated with death and the dying process
the care and needs of the dying
euthanasia and clinically assisted death and their implications
the role of living wills, advance directives and clinical judgement
the role of patient autonomy in relation to death and dying

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW864 - The Foundations of the English Legal System

This module sets out to provide a general introduction to the basic principles and institutions of the English legal system.

In addition, instruction is provided over essential research and writing skills as these relate to the requirements of postgraduate legal scholarship at Kent Law School and the United Kingdom.

The module is designed to meet the academic needs of students who come from a non-legal background, or who gained their legal qualifications outside the English common law system. It is also aimed at introducing students who have English legal qualifications to the research and writing requirements of postgraduate study in the taught LLM programmes at Kent Law School.

Topics Covered

the key concepts, principles and institutions of the English legal system
an overview of the court system, appeal procedures and case reports
the use of the law library, research strategies and the skills involved in legal writing and critical legal analysis
how to recognize and avoid plagiarism

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW870 - Introduction to the Criminal Justice System

This module seeks to provide you with a general background on which other specialist modules in the LLM programme will build, introducing the key principles, institutions and procedures of the criminal justice system.

Topics Covered

key concepts and principles of the criminal justice system
ethical and legal principles underlying the criminal justice process and their relationship to the underlying social policies as well as the implications for criminal justice of the European Convention on Human Rights
an overview of the different agencies involved in the criminal justice system
the procedures and decision stages of the criminal justice process
the main sources of data about the criminal justice system, from a range of disciplines

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW871 - Policing

This module seeks to provide an historical, legal and social understanding of the police, one of the key social and legal institutions of the modern state. The police are an integral part of the criminal justice system and as such, this module is a core element in a criminal justice programme. This module seeks to provide you with specialist knowledge of the UK system of policing.

Topics covered

the structure, organisation and accountability of the police service
ethical and legal principles underlying policing as well as the implications for policing of the European Convention on Human Rights
the different functions of policing
police powers and procedures
cross-border police co-operation
private policing
the main sources of data about policing; from a range of disciplines

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW905 - International Financial Services Regulation

This module is about international regulation and cooperation in the governance of financial firms and their activities in the contemporary economy. It focuses on the recent history of regulation in this field and it critically examines selected aspects of how states and international institutions regulate financial firms and transactions, assessing the strengths and weaknesses of these regulatory regimes. The module will explore the following aspects:

Understanding the concept of regulation. Why are financial firms and transactions specially regulated? The module will explore the legal, economic, political and social justifications for financial services regulation.
Understanding the models of financial regulation. How do states regulate financial firms and transactions? The module will explore the various models of regulation.
Critical analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the models of financial regulation.
Understanding the institutional framework and international architecture of financial services regulation the development since the late 1990s of international standards, norms, monitoring processes and regimes of co-operation in the regulation of financial sectors. The module will assess the impact of the 2007/08 financial crisis on the regulatory regimes.
Students will examine international financial regulation with reference to special topics such as anti-money laundering, corporate governance of financial firms, insider dealing and market manipulation.
Students will critically examine scholarly and policy literature on international financial regulation and critically engage normative ideas and arguments on the regulation of firms and financial transactions within and across states.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW906 - International Enviromental Law - Legal Foundations

It is commonly and aptly stated that the environment knows nor respects any frontiers. The same is essentially true in respect of the consequences of environmental degradation caused by human activity, namely that their effects are very often felt across national boundaries. Given the evident international character of many anthropogenic threats to the state of the environment, the development of internationally agreed rules on protection of the environment has become an increasingly important means of securing environmental protection policy objectives..

This module is designed to examine and assess the core foundational legal principles and regulatory structures underpinning international environmental law and policy. Specifically, it considers the various core sources of international law relating to the environment, the principal international institutions involved in its development as well as legal issues involved relating to its implementation and enforcement. In focusing on the general legal administrative aspects to international environmental regulation, this module will not be focusing on substantive topic areas of international environmental law. Instead, it is designed to complement other environmental law-related modules on the Masters (LLM) and Postgraduate Diploma programme which address or cut across various substantive areas of international, European Union and/or national environmental law (such as international trade and the environment, air and water quality as well as environmental impact assessment).

This module will cover the following topic areas which address key aspects of the legal foundations of international environmental law:

Topics Covered

Historical context and development of international environmental law
Legal sources: (1) sources and structures of public international law; legal instrumentation; (2) general principles of international environmental law; (3) international human rights and the environment
Institutional issues: the role of international organisations, states and non-governmental actors in international environmental law's development, the legal relations between the EU and the international community in the environmental sector
Implementation and enforcement (1): the role of public institutions at international level (responsibilities of states and the role of international institutions); (2) the role of private persons and access to environmental justice under international environmental law
Selected case study: eg international law on climate change.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW915 - 'Reading' Murder Cases, 1860 - 1960

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW921 - Privacy and Data Protection Law

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW923 - Economic Sociology of Law

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW925 - Cultural Heritage Law

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW927 - Law and the Humanities 1: Ethos and Scholarship (Intensive Delivery)

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW928 - Law and the Humanities 2: Current Issues (Intensive Delivery)

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW924 - EU Criminal Law and Procedure

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW916 - European Union International Relations Law

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW884 - International Environmental Law - SubstantiveLegal Aspects

This module is designed to examine and assess selected substantive legal aspects of International Environmental Law. For this purpose, the module is divided into two main parts. The first part considers particular sectors of environmental policy that are the subject of international legal regulation and obligations. This will involve an appraisal of how international legal regulation has developed in these areas, taking into account various challenges, legal and political, that have been influential in shaping their respective evolution. The second part of the module focuses on selected legal topics concerning the implementation of international environmental law. In particular, it will consider various relatively recent developments in international environmental law that have served to broaden participation beyond the level of the nation state as regards the monitoring and enforcement of international environmental protection obligations.

Topics covered

The module will cover the following substantive legal aspects of international environmental law:

A. Selected sectors of International Environmental Law
atmospheric pollution
water (1) : marine environment
water (2): freshwater resources
transboundary movement of waste

B. Selected aspects of implementation of International Environmental Law
civil society and implementation of International Environmental Law: the impact of the 1998 rhus Convention
civil liability and International Environmental Law
criminal liability and International Environmental Law

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW885 - Law and Development

This module explores the role of law as a means, end, obstacle and/or irrelevance to improving human life. Attention is paid to the perspectives of states, commercial actors, international organisations, civil society actors, members of the general public, 'minority' groups and theorists; and to placing law and development in its economic, social political and historical context. Questions considered include:

When did law and development start and will it ever end?
What are the possibilities and pitfalls of trying to use law to achieve social (including economic) change?
Is it accurate to think of law as a tool?
What positive and negative roles might law play in 'post-conflict' situations; and in addressing inequality and social exclusion?
Do property rights bring development?

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW886 - Transnational Criminal Law

In this module we study the main principles, key institutions and the policy and politics of transnational criminal law through a study of selected examples of transnational offending and international legal responses thereto. We consider transnational crimes, such as people trafficking and terrorism, as well as the mechanisms, such as extradition, by which states cooperate with each other and with international institutions in order to enforce their domestic criminal law.

Topics covered include: transnational organised crime; money laundering; drug trafficking; trafficking of people; terrorism; fair trial; mutual legal assistance, extradition and international police co-operation. Students are encouraged to reflect critically on the emerging transnational criminal legal regime. Key themes running through discussion include the role of the individual in the emerging transnational criminal legal system, the question of the exercise of transnational criminal law as an instrument of political/legal hegemony and the impact of the UN Security Council and the EU on the legal regime.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW888 - Climate Change and Renewable Energy Law

This module examines a range of topics relating to the legal regulation of anthropogenic climate change and the promotion of renewable and other alternative forms of energy generation and conservation.

While there is some initial coverage of the international context, and we explore some of the specific ethical and policy questions that tackling climate change engages, the module does not cover those aspects of the international legal regulation of climate change that are covered in LW906 International Environmental Law: Legal Foundations. The focus, within the international context, is primarily on the EU and national level, and comparative analysis of issues such as climate litigation and reduction approaches.

Topics covered

Climate Change: What's the Problem?
From Problem to Solution: The Architecture of Climate Change Law
EU Climate Change I: an Overview of the Law and Policy of the EU
EU Climate Change II: Controlling Emissions through Traditional Regulatory Forms
EU Climate Change III: The EU Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme and comparative economic incentive approaches
UK Climate Change: Legal Obligations under the UK Climate Change Act 2008
Climate Change Litigation: Liability mechanisms in comparative perspective
Promoting Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation: General Legal and Policy Issues, and case study

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW899 - Corporate Governance

In recent years corporate governance - meaning the governance of the large corporations which dominate modern economic life - has emerged as a major area of political and academic interest. Increasing attention has come to be focused, in particular, on the comparative aspects of corporate governance and on the different legal regimes found in different parts of the world, with policy makers striving to determine which regimes are most likely to deliver (so-called) `efficiency' and competitive success. In this context much has been made of the differences between shareholder-oriented, Anglo-American governance regimes and the more inclusive (more stakeholder-oriented) regimes to be found in certain parts of continental Europe and Japan. One result is that the increasing interest in corporate governance has re-opened old questions about the nature of corporations, about the role and duties of corporate managers and about the goal of corporate activities and the interests in which corporations should be run.

This module will explore these debates. More generally, the question of corporate governance has become entangled with other important debates, most notably that surrounding the merits (or otherwise) of different models of capitalism: Anglo-American regimes are associated with stock market-based versions of capitalism, while European regimes are associated with so-called welfare-based versions of capitalism.

The question of corporate governance has, therefore, become embroiled with debates about the morality and efficiency of different models of capitalism. These too will be explored in this module.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW900 - International Migration Law

This module offers a survey of international legal principles relating to migration. It will address international law concerning nationality, immigration control, migrant workers and the rights of families and long-term residents. International law has a key role in shaping national policy in these areas, particularly through the application of international human rights principles. Equally, knowledge of the international legal framework is essential to a full understanding of migration policy and processes.

Topics covered

the international law of nationality
international law and immigration control
migrant workers in international law
guarantees of family and private life and migration
the Geneva Convention on the Status of Refugees
humanitarian protection persecution and protection

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW904 - Laws of the Maritime, Air and Outer Spaces II

The module aims to facilitate a holistic understanding of the legal regulation of activities in the sovereign and non sovereign parts of maritime, airspace and outer space territories. This includes an examination of the key private international law and to some extent public international law concepts and jurisprudential relationships that exist between maritime law, the law of the sea, air law and space law. The module also examines the international regulation of transnational enterprise activities in the spaces under study. This module complements the departmental emphasis on cross disciplinary approaches to the study of law and examination of the interaction of law with other disciplines, particularly international relations, politics, business and economics, as well as science and technology.

Topics and issues to be dealt with include Common trends in Intermodal transportation: sea, air and space payload delivery, Carriage of goods by Sea: Hague Rules, Hague/Visby Rules and the Hamburg Rules; European Community Shipping Law and Policy, legal and commercial aspects of sovereignty in the air and jurisdiction in outer space, Aviation insurance; Airline alliances, investment, bankruptcy, computer reservation systems, and airport slots; Satellite telecommunications and the allocation of slots and frequencies; Legal and economic implications of the development of space tourism; Legal aspects of the Commercialization of Space Transportation Systems; Liability, insurance and intellectual property concerns of space activities; The legal regulation of the International Space Station.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW866 - Medical Practice and Malpractice

This module seeks to provide the student with an understanding of the legal, ethical and practical issues involved in medical practice and malpractice. Those issues will be explored from the ground up and will provide all students a full opportunity, regardless of their knowledge of law, to get to grips with the fundamental principles of practical legal analysis from a fault-based perspective. In so doing, the legal and institutional contexts within which the many duties of medicine operate will be subjected to a detailed critical analysis.

Essentially, this module will link the multifarious medical legal theories to the realities of medical negligence and litigation; thereby affording the student a practitioner based insight into how modern medicine interacts within current legal practice.

Topics Covered

the legal relationship between the practitioner, the patient and the NHS
analysis of the legal and evidential burdens in medical negligence
complaints and discipline procedures for healthcare professionals
courts and tribunal processes in medical negligence litigation
resource allocation constraints
legal concepts of risk and recklessness in medical practice
the role of money and litigation

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW867 - Reproduction and the Beginnings of Life

This module aims to explore legal and ethical issues in medicine relating to human reproduction and the beginning of life.

Topics Covered

the moral status of the embryo/foetus
abortion
the regulation of pregnancy, including liability for antenatal harm
childbirth
human fertilization and embryology, including embryo research, cloning, human admixed embryos (animal/human 'hybrids'), artificial gametes etc
the 'designer baby' debates and selecting the characteristics of future children via pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (including sex selection, selecting for/against disability, saviour siblings).
surrogacy

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW863 - Consent to Treatment

This module aims to explore the legal principles which underpin the need for consent to medical treatment.

Topics Covered

salient principles such as the respect for autonomy
the entitlement to informed consent
the criteria for competence and capacity
the consequences of incapacity for minors and those adjudged to be incompetent
the criminal and tortuous consequences of treatment without consent
limitations on consent

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW858 - Foundations of European Common Market and Economic Law

The realisation of a common market amongst its Member States constitutes a core founding objective of the European Union. Since its inception in the 1950s, the EU has sought to entrench a commitment to guarantee the free flow of goods, services, persons and capital within its borders, for both economic as well as political reasons. As is well known, the development of the common market has been far from straightforward or uncontroversial. In particular, steps taken towards greater inter-state co-operation over economic affairs through supranational political and judicial institutions at EU level have given rise to tensions and questions regarding the degree to which these may constitute legitimate incursions into national sovereignty. In addition, concerns have been raised as to the extent to which the development of the legal framework underpinning the common market sufficiently accommodates the need to take into account social and political goals in the context of transboundary economic governance, including fundamental rights and environmental protection. These and other issues will be considered and explored in the context of the literature on the broader underlying tensions surrounding regulation of the common market.

The module will consider the following key topic areas: the 'four freedoms' which are central to the common market (free movement of goods, persons, services and capital); the foundations of EU competition law; and the impact of European Monetary Union.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW843 - International Human Rights Law

This module is designed to enable LLM students to obtain both essential knowledge of and critical insight into, issues relating to international human rights law. It starts with historical examination of the evolution of human rights and critical appraisal of theories (universality of human rights vs cultural relativism etc). The module then turns to the appraisal of the standard-setting and supervisory roles played by universal and regional human rights systems: the UN human rights systems (International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, as well as the general overview of other specific treaties) and the three regional human rights systems (European Convention on Human Rights, American Convention on Human Rights and African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights). Numerous cases of relevant monitoring bodies will be critically evaluated.

The focus of the module then turns to specific topics of contemporary concern. These may include issues of torture, national emergency and derogation from human rights and women's rights. There will be an opportunity for students to engage in mooting. Emphasis is placed on maximum student participation during seminar discussions for which students will need to prepare. Students are encouraged to develop a critical perspective in light of historical and socio-economic backgrounds.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW844 - Legal Aspects of Contemporary International Problems

International law may either be studied as a system of rules which governs, or at least constrains, the international community; or it may be studied through its effects in particular events and disputes. This course is concerned with the latter approach. Chosen contemporary international problems will be used to exemplify the effects and limitations of international law. Obviously this approach has both advantages and disadvantages. The advantages are that the relevance of international law to the "real world" will be manifest, and the issues considered will always be of topical interest. The disadvantages are that clearly not all aspects of international law will be considered, and those that are may appear to be of random importance depending upon the topic chosen. Such disadvantages will be mitigated however by the choice of problem considered. Those selected will be chosen on the basis of topicality and pedagogical utility. Many of the problems selected may appear intransigent and irresolvable but this in itself may be instructive of the import and input of international law.

Underlying consideration of the selected topics, will be theoretical questions about the role and nature of international law.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW810 - International Law on Foreign Investment

This module explores the legal implications (practical and theoretical) of foreign direct investment. Attention is paid to the perspectives of states, investors, civil society actors and theorists; and to placing legal implications in their economic, social, political and historical context. Questions considered include:

What political, economic and legal actors and factors have shaped the international law on foreign investment?
What are the legal implications of the fact that most foreign investments are made by corporations?
What roles can host state legal systems play in attracting and regulating foreign investments?
What international legal mechanisms are used to enable foreign investment?
What challenges do current concerns with corruption and tax evasion pose to existing international law on foreign investment?

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW811 - International Commercial Arbitration

The aim of the module is to focus on the theoretical, institutional and practical aspects of modern international commercial arbitration. This would involve a close examination of the ad hoc systems and the main institutional structures (eg, ICC, ICSID, WIPO, Iran-US Claims Tribunal, PCA). The course covers current issues and developments relating to jurisdiction and applicable procedural and substantive laws, the status and role of arbitration agreements, the conduct of the arbitral proceedings, the arbitral award, and challenge, recognition and enforcement of award, online arbitration/online dispute resolution (ODR). The English Arbitration Act 1996, and the UNCITRAL Rules and the UNCITRAL Model Law will also be examined closely. The course will also critically examine the relationship between international arbitration and international development law as well as aspects of the international arbitration between sovereign states. The role of International Arbitration in the resolution of complex disputes in International Oil and Gas will be considered. Comparative study will be made of the emerging arbitration legislation and international arbitral practice of certain developing states such as Nigeria, India and China.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW813 - Contemporary Topics in Intellectual Property Law

This module explores a range of key issues in contemporary intellectual property, which are subject to contentious and often crudely conducted debates. It identifies and questions intellectual property law's underlying justifications, conceptual assumptions and material practices through the lens of novel modes of biological, cultural and scientific production that challenge the legal regime. Questions in this regard include:

Can nature be patented? Do patents commodify human persons?
Who owns scientific knowledge? What is "open science"?
Is enforcing patents on pharmaceuticals in developing countries just?
Does quoting or paraphrasing in literature or art amount to copying? Is creativity original?
Is plagiarism theft?
What is the cultural and political significance of free software?
Do intellectual properties lead to '"innovation", or vice versa? Are they related, at all?

The module aims to provide students with a solid understanding of legal internal ways of thinking and arguing about intellectual property, as well as introduce them to wider theoretical resources which will encourage a differentiated and critical assessment of intellectual property law's effects and limitations. Readings will be drawn from the multi-disciplinary scholarship on intellectual properties, including anthropology, history, science studies, economics and social theory.

Prior attendance of LW 801 Intellectual Property Law in autumn term is welcome, but not a prerequisite. No prior knowledge of study of patent, copyright or trademarks law is required. Interested students from various disciplines are welcome, subject to prior agreement.

Credits: 20 credits (10 ECTS credits).

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LW919 - Legal Research and Writing Skills

Credits: 5 credits (2.5 ECTS credits).

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LW988 - Dissertation in Law

Credits: 60 credits (30 ECTS credits).

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Assessment

The postgraduate programmes offered within the Law School are usually taught in seminar format. Students on the Diploma and LLM programmes study three modules in each of the autumn and spring terms. The modules normally are assessed by a 4-5,000-word essay. Students undertaking an LLM degree must write a dissertation of 15-20,000 words.

Programme aims

This programme aims to provide:

  1. LLM: The opportunity to develop (a) expert knowledge and a sophisticated understanding of particular areas of law; (b) advanced research, writing and oral communication skills of general value to postgraduate employment.
    PGDip: The opportunity to develop (a) expert knowledge and a sophisticated understanding of particular areas of law; (b) written and oral communication skills of general value to postgraduate employment.
  2. LLM: A sound knowledge and systematic understanding of the institutional structures, key principles of law and policy and influential ideas, theories, assumptions and paradigms of particular areas of law.
    PGDip: A sound knowledge and systematic understanding of the institutional structures, key principles of law and policy and influential ideas, theories, assumptions and paradigms of the subjects studied.
  3. LLM & PGDip: A degree of specialisation in areas of law and policy chosen from the LLM option streams available and an opportunity for students to engage with academic work at the frontiers of scholarship.
  4. LLM & PGDip: A critical awareness of the operation of law and policy, particularly in contexts that are perceived to be controversial or in a state of evolution.
  5. LLM: The skills to undertake supervised research on an agreed topic in their specialisation and to encourage the production of original, evaluative analysis that meets high standards of scholarship.
  6. LLM & PGDip: Critical, analytical and problem-solving skills that can be applied to a wide range of contexts. 
  7. LLM & PGDip: The skills of academic legal research and writing.
  8. LLM: A sophisticated grounding in research methods.

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding

You gain knowledge and understanding of:

  • the institutions, principles and structures of law in areas studied, and the policy background and interrelationships between them
  • the key concepts, policy issues, principles; and relevant sources of law and policy in the areas studied
  • the substantive law relevant to a range of key areas of law and policy
  • the theoretical, social and academic debates which underlie the substantive areas of law studied
  • the practical contexts in which law operates
  • the importance of evaluating law alongside its theoretical and practical contexts: and
  • the relationship and inter-relationship between areas of law studied.

Intellectual skills

You develop intellectual skills in:

  • effectively applying the knowledge of criminal justice law and policy to a wide range of situations where relevant practical or theoretical issues are under consideration
  • evaluating issues according to their context, relevance and importance
  • gathering relevant information and accessing key sources by electronic or other means
  • formulating arguments on central issues and areas of controversy, and the ability to present a reasoned opinion based upon relevant materials
  • recognising potential alternative arguments, and contrary evidence, to your own opinion and presenting a reasoned justification for preference
  • demonstrating an independence of mind and the ability to offer critical challenge to received understanding on particular issues
  • an ability to reflect constructively on your learning progression.

Subject-specific skills

You gain subject-specific skills in the following:

  • the ability to identify and characterise issues relating to areas of law studied, which arise in practical situations
  • the ability to research and access the main sources of law and policy that are relevant to the area of law studied
  • the ability to appreciate and evaluate the main theoretical and political perspectives that underlie the legal provisions
  • the ability to provide a reasoned and justified opinion as to the possible legal consequences in particular circumstances
  • awareness of the limitations of present knowledge and matters needing to be resolved by further research
  • the ability to utilise research skills, at least, to commence further research into unresolved issues

Transferable skills

You gain transferable skills in the following:

  • the ability to identify relevant issues from potentially complex factual situations
  • the ability to undertake research from a diverse range of sources;
  • the ability to summarise detailed, complex information accurately and concisely
  • the ability to formulate arguments in verbal presentations and defend them against opposing views
  • presenting information and arguments in written form, in accordance with academic conventions, and appropriately to the intended readership
  • evaluating personal performance.

Study support

Postgraduate resources

Postgraduate students at Kent Law School have access to a postgraduate computing room, study area and common room with wireless internet access. The Law School has an active and inclusive extra-curricular academic and social scene, with weekly graduate seminars, a postgraduate student group for all students, and a regular guest lecture programme organised by our research centres (which include the Centre for Critical International Law, the Kent Centre for Law, Gender and Sexuality, and the Kent Centre for European and Comparative Law).

Award-winning Law Library

Our Law Library has long been a leader in the development of electronic resources for legal teaching and research. The extensive and up-todate law collection in the University’s Templeman Library is particularly strong on electronic material, and the Electronic Law Library includes numerous legal databases, which are increasingly invaluable tools for research. In addition, you can access the text of thousands of law journals online. Our law librarian is available to train you to use these resources and runs regular legal research classes with postgraduate students.

Support

We have a dedicated postgraduate office, offering support from application to graduation. Research students benefit from a research training programme in the first year. An academic staff member acts as postgraduate research co-ordinator and runs a weekly postgraduate study group, at which students present and discuss research. The Law School provides research students with an allowance for conferences and other research expenses, and an annual printing allowance.

Dynamic publishing culture

Staff publish regularly and widely in journals, conference proceedings and books. Recent contributions include: Modern Law Review; Social & Legal Studies; The Canadian Journal of Law & Society; Legal Studies; Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society.

Careers and employability

Employability is a key focus throughout the University and at Kent Law School you have the support of a dedicated Employability and Career Development Officer together with a broad choice of work placement opportunities, employability events and careers talks. Details of graduate internship schemes with NGOs, charities and other professional organisations are made available to postgraduate students via the School’s Employability Blog.

Many students at our Brussels centre who undertake internships are offered contracts in Brussels immediately after graduation. Others have joined their home country’s diplomatic service, entered international organisations, or have chosen to undertake a ‘stage’ at the European Commission, or another EU institution.

Law graduates have gone on to careers in finance, international commerce, government and law or have joined, or started, an NGO or charity.

Kent has an excellent record for postgraduate employment: over 94% of our postgraduate students who graduated in 2013 found a job or further study opportunity within six months.

Information about the internship programme for LLM students can be found on the Kent Law School Employability blog.

For more information on the services Kent provides you to improve your career prospects visit www.kent.ac.uk/employability.

National ratings

Most recent Research Assessment Exercise: ranked 6th nationally for research quality, with 65% of our research rated “world-leading” or “internationally excellent”.

Law at Kent had a 93% satisfaction rate in the National Student Survey 2013.

Entry requirements

A first or good second class honours degree in law or a related subject. Kent Law School (KLS) may also take account of relevant work experience when considering applications.

General entry requirements

Please also see our general entry requirements.

English language entry requirements

For detailed information see our English language requirements web pages. 

Please note that if you are required to meet an English language condition, we offer a number of pre-sessional courses in English for Academic Purposes through Kent International Pathways.

Research areas

Criminal Justice

Much of the School's research activity in criminal justice takes place in co-operation with the School of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Research and under the auspices of the Kent Criminal Justice Centre. Established in 1996, the Centre co-ordinates and encourages research in the field of criminal justice, and develops teaching and education initiatives, especially in co-operation with local criminal justice agencies.

Critical Commercial Law and Business Law and Regulation

Kent Law School has established a rich tradition of critical scholarship on the legal regulation of the business practices and commercial relations of market economies. Our experts inform research-led teaching in such fields as consumer debt and bankruptcy, secured credit, intellectual property, International Financial Institutions, economic development, international trade and business transactions, commercial arbitration, international labour regulation, corporate governance, regulation of personal financial services, e-commerce, and the law relating to banking and information technology

Critical Obligations

Our expertise in the area of obligations shares a commitment to challenging the apparently coherent and common-sense rules of contract and tort. We do this by identifying the conflicts in the world outside of the textbook that shape and destabilise the operation of these rules, and by revealing the ideological, political, and distributive biases that the rules of contract and tort help to perpetuate.

Environmental Law

The Law School has long been established as a recognised centre of excellence in research and graduate teaching in environmental law, spanning international, EC and national law and policy. Current research interests include climate change, the aquatic environment, biodiversity conservation, regulation and enforcement, and trade.

European and Comparative Law

European and Comparative Law is being conducted both at an individual level as well as at the Kent Centre for European and Comparative Law, which was established in 2004 with a view to providing a framework for the further development of the Law School’s research and teaching activities in this area. Research and teaching reaches from general areas of comparative and European public and private law to more specialised areas and specific projects.

Gender and Sexuality

Home to the Kent Centre for Law, Gender and Sexuality, Kent Law School makes a significant contribution to the development of feminist perspectives on law, nationally and internationally. The Centre produces wide-ranging interdisciplinary work, drawing on a broad range of intellectual trajectories in addition to legal studies, including political theory, philosophy, sociology, political economy, cultural studies, geography, history, and drama. The Centre explores how sexuality is produced through political categories of difference and how it is governed. The research carried out by the Centre demonstrates a shared preoccupation with inequality and social change.

Governance and Regulation

Legal research involves studying processes of regulation and governance. This research cluster focuses on the character of regulation and governance to critically understand the different modes through which governing takes place such as the conditions, relations of power and effects of governance and regulation. Work within this area is methodologically diverse. Intellectually, it draws on a range of areas including socio-legal studies; Foucauldian perspectives on power and governmentality; Actor Network Theory; feminist political theory and political economy; postcolonial studies; continental political philosophy; and cultural and utopian studies.

Healthcare Law and Ethics

A number of Kent Law School (KLS) staff have interests in the area of Health Care Law and Ethics, focusing in particular on issues relating to human reproduction. Much of the research carried out by scholars in this area is critical and theoretical and has a strong interdisciplinary flavour. In addition to conducting their own research projects, staff have developed strong and fruitful collaborations with ethicists and medical professionals.

International Law

The starting point for research in international law at Kent Law School is that international law is not apolitical and that its political ideology reflects the interests of powerful states and transnational economic actors. In both research and teaching, staff situate international law in the context of histories of colonialism to analyse critically its development, doctrines and ramifications. Critical International Law at KLS engages with theories of political economy, international relations and gender and sexuality to contribute to scholarly and policy debates across the spectrum of international law, which includes public, economic, human rights, criminal and commercial law. Scholars at the Centre for Critical International Law engage in the practical application of international law through litigation, training, research and consultancies for international organisations, NGOs and states.

Law and Political Economy & Law and Development

Law and its relation to political economy are addressed from a variety of angles, including the exploration of the micro and macrolevel of economic regulations as well as theoretical aspects of law and political economy.

Legal Theories and Philosophy

Identifying the fact that several academics do work in cultural theory and political theory (including on normative concepts, religion and the state). While feminist and critical legal theories are focal points at Kent Law School, the departmental expertise also covers more essential aspects such as classical jurisprudence and the application of philosophy to law.

Property Law

Kent Law School's property lawyers have a range of overlapping interests in both global and local property issues. Their work covers indigenous people’s rights, the environment, housing, community land, social enterprise, cultural heritage law and urban design, as well as the question of intellectual property. They have links with anthropologists working at the University and have run a very successful series of workshops exploring common interests. Their research draws on a multiplicity of theoretical perspectives including postcolonialism, feminism, and Foucault.

Other research areas within KLS include:

  • human rights
  • labour law
  • law and culture
  • law, science and technology
  • legal methods and epistemology
  • public law
  • race, religion and the law.

Staff research interests

Full details of staff research interests can be found on the School's website.

Professor Anneli Albi: Professor

Comparative constitutional law; EU constitutional law; EU enlargements; European Neighbourhood Policy.

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Dr Donatella Alessandrini: Reader

International trade theory and practice; neoliberalism; international political economy; development studies.

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Dr Yutaka Arai: Reader

International humanitarian law (including part of international criminal law); the relationship between international humanitarian law and international human rights law.

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Dr Nicola Barker: Senior Lecturer

Marriage and civil partnerships; welfare; human rights.

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Dr Kate Bedford: Reader

Gender, sexuality and international political economy; critical development studies; the World Bank; Latin America, heteronormativity and social policy; gambling regulation and economic regeneration, especially bingo; UK equalities law and policy.

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Dr Anne Bottomley: Reader

Property practices in relation to urban planning and architecture – drawing from Deleuze and theoretical perspectives emerging in anthropology and social theory. Debates surrounding theoretical perspectives within feminism.

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Dr Ruth Cain: Lecturer

Regulation and representation of reproduction and parenting, especially maternity, tracking relationships between law, literature, popular culture and the media, and how these shape perceptions of gender, sexuality and embodiment, health care law, including mental health law; the gendering of capitalism, neo-imperialism and post 9/11 trauma.

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Dr Helen Carr: Reader

Housing law and social welfare, with particular interests in regulation of the poor and with the gendered and racialised dimensions of that regulation.

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Donal Casey: Lecturer

Food governance and regulation; the issues of legitimacy and accountability.

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Dr Emilie Cloatre: Senior Lecturer

The intersection between law and contemporary ‘science and society’ issues, for example patent law and access to health care, and the regulatory networks of climate change. This is particularly (although not exclusively) in the context of developing countries.

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Dr Vicky Conway: Senior Lecturer

Policing and police accountability; miscarriages of justice and the systems put in place by states to provide remedies in such cases.

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Professor Davina Cooper: Professor

Social and political theory; cultural geography; feminism and sexuality; governance and radical politics; Utopian studies. 

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Eleanor Curran: Senior Lecturer

Hobbes; rights theory and the history of rights theory; political theory; moral theory; jurisprudence.

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Dr Karen Devine: Lecturer

The law of obligations; tortious legal issues, particularly those relating to the collection, storage and use of human tissue; decision-making in health care and the role of informed consent; medical law and ethics generally.

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Lisa Dickson: Senior Lecturer

Forensic science and the law; evidence and the trial process; general areas of criminal justice.

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Maria Drakopoulou: Reader

Feminist theory; feminist jurisprudence; legal theory and philosophy; legal history; Roman law; equity and trusts.

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Mairead Enright: Lecturer

Legal regulation of culture and religion, and particularly the effects of legal engagement with traditionally ‘private’ aspects of religious practice for ‘public’ conceptions of membership.

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Professor John Fitzpatrick: Professor; Director of Kent Law Clinic

Human rights law; constitutional law; public legal services; legal process.

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Iain Frame: Lecturer

Legal and economic history, monetary theory, and social and legal theory.

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Dr Simone Glanert: Senior Lecturer

Comparative legal studies; legal translation; statutory interpretation; European law; French law and German law. Recent publications include: De la traductibilité du droit (2011); Comparative Law: Engaging Translation (ed, 2012).

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Dr Emily Grabham: Senior Lecturer

Citizenship; belonging and corporeality; feminist and queer theories of embodiment; labour law; welfare reform and its connection to work/family policy.

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Professor Nick Grief: Professor

Public international law, human rights and EU law, with particular reference to the legal status of nuclear weapons.

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Dr Emily Haslam: Lecturer

Public international law; international criminal law; civil society.

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Martin Hedemann-Robinson: Senior Lecturer

European Union and international environmental law, notably in relation to law enforcement.

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Professor Didi Herman: Professor; Head of School

Gender and sexuality; race, religion and ethnicity; popular culture; social movement; law reform. 

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Dr Kirsty Horsey: Senior Lecturer

Human reproduction and genetics, particularly where these overlap with issues in family law; legal education.

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Professor William Howarth: Professor

Environmental and ecological law, with particular emphasis on the legal protection of the aquatic environment and the ecosystems that it supports.

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Dr Suhraiya Jivraj: Lecturer

Law and religion; equalities, anti-discrimination and human rights law; critical race/postcolonial studies; gender and sexuality; Muslim feminisms and Islamic law. 

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Per Laleng: Lecturer; Director of Mooting

Law of tort – focused on the concept of causation particularly in the context of industrial and other diseases. Other research interests include law and football, and law and photography. 

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Sian Lewis-Anthony: Lecturer

International human rights law, in particular, the right to a fair trial and the issue of the independence and impartiality of the judiciary.

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Professor Robin Mackenzie: Professor

Bioscience and law; body modification; constructions of addiction; death and the dying process; enhancement; feminist perspectives; genetics and other new technologies; neuroethics and law; neuroscience; propertisation and biovalue; psychoactive substances; public health governance; reprogenetics; strategic rhetoric in regulation; surrogacy; critical and cultural theory applied to all of the above.

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Dr Alex Magaisa: Senior Lecturer

Financial services regulation, with special focus on international finance centres (offshore finance jurisdictions); the law relating to corporate groups, with special interest in responsibility for corporate torts; intellectual property and developing countries; general interest in the interaction between law and politics in Africa.

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Dr Francesco Messineo: Lecturer

Public international law with an emphasis on international human rights law (international refugee law, the use of force and the law of armed conflict, international criminal law, the history and philosophy of public international law) EU refugee and immigration law and Italian immigration, asylum and refugee law.

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Dr Gbenga Oduntan: Senior Lecturer

Private and public international law; international courts and tribunals; arbitration; international commercial law; land and maritime boundary and territorial disputes; air and space law; international economic law; immigration and asylum law; constitutional law; criminal justice; scientific and technological issues in policing.

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Connal Parsley: Lecturer

Jurisprudence; critical legal theory; political theory; public law; law and aesthetics; law and film; Australian Aboriginal legal issues; legal ethics.

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Sebastian Payne: Lecturer

The Crown; constitutional reform; the royal prerogative; oversight issues relating to the intelligence and security services; decision making and its relation to law.

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Professor Amanda Perry-Kessaris: Professor

Law and development, including econo-socio-legal development; the role of legal indicators and legal systems in development; economic approaches to law and development.

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Dr Stephen Pethick: Senior Lecturer

Jurisprudence, with emphasis on epistemology and metaphysics and the law; philosophy of language and the law; reasoning and the law; the concept of coherence and its use in legal theory and legal reasoning; the legal writings of Francis Bacon; the history of legal ideas from the early modern period onwards; analytic legal theory; legal history; the law of evidence.

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Nick Piska: Lecturer

A critical engagement with private law, particularly in the area of equity and trusts, and a broader interest in the figure of the equitable subject and the ways in which equitable subjects are produced in modernity.

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David Radlett: Lecturer

The shift in power from the elected and notionally representative and accountable to the unelected and obviously unrepresentatitive and unaccountable.

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Dr Nikolas M. Rajkovic: Lecturer

Theories of public international law; critical approaches to global law and governance; global constitutionalism; post-national adjudication and judicialisation; transnational law and arbitration; legalisation and juridification; international relations theory; lawfare and international criminal law, European human rights law.

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Professor Iain Ramsay: Professor

Regulation of consumer markets at the national, regional and international level, with a particular interest in issues of credit and insolvency, commercial credit and commercial law, focusing on the role of credit law in development.

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Sinead Ring: Lecturer

The legitimacy of the criminal trial, particularly the substantive implications of the criminal process’ professed commitment to the rule of law.

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Professor Geoffrey Samuel: Professor

Law of obligations (English, Roman and French); comparative law; legal remedies; legal theory; legal epistemology.

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Professor Harm Schepel: Professor

Legal sociology; international and European economic law.

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Professor Sally Sheldon: Professor

Medical ethics and law, particularly with reference to reproductive issues; legal regulation of gender and sexuality; fatherhood.

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Dr Sophie Vigneron: Senior Lecturer

French public and private law; English tort law; art law; the Europeanisation of private law; cultural heritage law.

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Professor Dermot Walsh: Professor

Policing and criminal justice; criminal procedure; human rights; European criminal law and procedure.

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John Wightman: Senior Lecturer; Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences

Theory, history, and empirical work relating to private law, especially tort and contract.

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Professor Toni Williams: Professor

Regulation and governance of economic development and market relations; regulation of consumer financial services; the implications of information technology for the regulation of consumer markets.

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Dr Simone Wong: Senior Lecturer

Equity; banking and finance; cohabitation and other domestic relationships.

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Enquire or order a prospectus

Download a prospectus (PDF - 2MB) or order one below.

Contacts

Admissions enquiries

T: +44 (0)1227 827272

E: information@kent.ac.uk

Subject enquiries

T: +44 (0)1227 824595

F: +44 (0)1227 827442

E: klspgoffice@kent.ac.uk

School website

Graduate School

Open days

We hold regular Open Events at our Canterbury and Medway campuses. You will be able to talk to specialist academics and admissions staff, find out about our competitive fees, discuss funding opportunities and tour the campuses.

You can also discuss the programmes we run at our specialist centres in Brussels, Athens, Rome and Paris at the Canterbury Open Events. If you can't attend but would like to find out more you can come for an informal visit, contact our information team or find out more on our website.  

Please check which of our locations offers the courses you are interested in before choosing which event to attend.

Modules

Modules associated with this specialisation include:

  • Introduction to the Criminal Justice System
  • Crime, Disorder and Community
  • European Human Rights Law
  • Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice
  • International Criminal Law
  • International Protection of Human Rights
  • Law and Society
  • Penology
  • Policing
  • Reading Murder Cases 1860-1960
  • Research Methods in Criminology
  • Theories of Crime and Deviance
  • Transnational Criminal Law
  • Transnational Justice and Rule of Law Programming; Young People, Crime and Place
  • Students are also able to choose from modules offered on the MA in Criminology

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Last Updated: 07/10/2014